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Creating the Market University: How Academic Science Became an Economic Engine

Elizabeth Popp Berman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147086
eISBN:
9781400840472
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147086.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

American universities today serve as economic engines, performing the scientific research that will create new industries, drive economic growth, and keep the United States globally competitive. But ... More


The Japanese Firm as a System of Attributes: A Survey and Research Agenda

Masahiko Aoki

in The Japanese Firm: Sources of Competitive Strength

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288152
eISBN:
9780191684579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288152.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter surveys recent achievements of the economic research programme on the Japanese firm and sets its possible research agenda. The chapter makes a clear manifestation of the ‘systematic ... More


Political Arithmetic: Simon Kuznets and the Empirical Tradition in Economics

Robert William Fogel, Enid M. Fogel, Mark Guglielmo, and Nathaniel Grotte

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226256610
eISBN:
9780226020723
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020723.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

We take for granted today that the assessments, measurements, and forecasts of economists are crucial to the decision-making of governments and businesses alike. But less than a century ago that ... More


Oil on the Waters? Middle East Studies and Economics for the Middle East

Karen Pfeifer

in Middle East Studies for the New Milleniu: Infrastructures of Knowledge

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781479827787
eISBN:
9781479850662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479827787.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter first reviews the reasons for the weak links between the fields of economics and Middle East studies (MES) in the United States. It then examines the growth of the economics profession ... More


Financial Openness and National Autonomy: Opportunities and Constraints

Tariq Banuri and Juliet B. Schor (eds)

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283645
eISBN:
9780191684463
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283645.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

WIDER (The World Institute for Development Economics Research), established in 1984, started work in Helsinki in 1985, with the financial support of the Government of Finland. Its principal purpose ... More


:: The Early History of the NBER

Robert William Fogel, Enid M. Fogel, Mark Guglielmo, and Nathaniel Grotte

in Political Arithmetic: Simon Kuznets and the Empirical Tradition in Economics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226256610
eISBN:
9780226020723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020723.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter discusses the history of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER). It covers the prewar origins of the NBER; the role (and limitations) of economists during World War I; and the ... More


The war of ideas

Harry Blutstein

in The Ascent of Globalisation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992897
eISBN:
9781526104311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992897.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

At the same time as Keynes was celebrating success at Bretton Woods, neoliberal economist Friedrich Hayek started to publicly campaign against the liberal economic order, in what he called the ‘war ... More


Who Are Criminals? A Review

in Criminals and Victims

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804762526
eISBN:
9780804777599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804762526.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Crime economic research seeks to understand why crime occurs and what mechanism can reduce its incidence or its consequences. This chapter gives a focused review of economic literature relating to ... More


US aid and the creation of an Irish scientific research infrastructure

Peter Murray and Maria Feeney

in Church, State and Social Science in Ireland: Knowledge Institutions and the Rebalancing of Power, 1937-73

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781526100788
eISBN:
9781526120823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526100788.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter broadens out the focus from Irish sociology to examine Irish scientific research. Its central theme is the way in which resources provided or jointly controlled by US actors underpinned ... More


A Historiography of Early NBER Housing and Mortgage Research

Kenneth Snowden

in Housing and Mortgage Markets in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226073842
eISBN:
9780226093284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226093284.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

As the U.S. grew rapidly and urbanized between 1870 and 1930, nonfarm residential construction and home mortgage debt became increasingly important to the nation’s capital formation, financial ... More


What Kind of Re-Imagining Does Economic Sociology Need?

Neil Fligstein

in Re-Imagining Economic Sociology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198748465
eISBN:
9780191814051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748465.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

From the beginning, economic sociology resembled a social movement where participants agreed to a broad definition of the field to attract the widest number of scholars. Many of the research programs ... More


Comment on Barbera: Your Gift Will Make You Rich

Casey B. Mulligan

in The Economists' Voice 2.0: The Financial Crisis, Health Care Reform, and More

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160155
eISBN:
9780231504324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160155.003.0025
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter presents Casey B. Mulligan’s response to Robert Barbera’s commentary entitled “If It Were a Fight, They Would Have Stopped It in December of 2008” in Chapter 24. Mulligan claims that ... More


Economic outcomes

Robert E. Drake, Gary R. Bond, and Deborah R. Becker

in Individual Placement and Support: An Evidence-Based Approach to Supported Employment

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199734016
eISBN:
9780199949755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734016.003.0024
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Because of pressure to expand Individual Placement and Support (IPS) capacity from clients and other stakeholders, several economists and policy experts have reviewed the economic research on IPS in ... More


Shared Capitalism in the U.S. Economy: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Employee Views of Financial Participation in Enterprises

Douglas L. Kruse, Joseph R. Blasi, and Rhokeun Park

in Shared Capitalism at Work: Employee Ownership, Profit and Gain Sharing, and Broad-Based Stock Options

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226056951
eISBN:
9780226056968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226056968.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter gives an account of the current forms and extend of shared capitalism in the U.S. economy and provides an overall portrait of shared capitalism using the General Social Survey (GSS) and ... More


Economic Measurement

Ben S. Bernanke

in Measuring Economic Sustainability and Progress

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226121338
eISBN:
9780226121475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226121475.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Ben Bernanke’s opening remarks reflect on the importance of measurement in economic decision-making. The ultimate purpose of economics is to promote wellbeing, and variables in economic policy making ... More


Introduction

Michael D. Bordo and Athanasios Orphanides

in The Great Inflation: The Rebirth of Modern Central Banking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226066950
eISBN:
9780226043555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226043555.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This introductory chapter first discusses the dimensions of the Great Inflation from 1965 to 1982, which caused significant damage to the US economy and to the economies of many other countries, and ... More


Creating a Bigger Pie? The Effects of Employee Ownership, Profit Sharing, and Stock Options on Workplace Performance

Joseph R. Blasi, Richard B. Freeman, Christopher Mackin, and Douglas L. Kruse

in Shared Capitalism at Work: Employee Ownership, Profit and Gain Sharing, and Broad-Based Stock Options

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226056951
eISBN:
9780226056968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226056968.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter analyzes the relationship of various forms of shared capitalist compensation to six workplace outcomes—turnover, absenteeism, perceived effort of co-workers, loyalty to the firm, ... More


Introduction

Karl Wärneryd

in The Economics of Conflict: Theory and Empirical Evidence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026895
eISBN:
9780262321976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026895.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This introductory chapter sets out the book’s purpose, which is to present a wide range of economic research on conflict. It brings together a variety of approaches, from the purely game-theoretical ... More


The Design and Implementation of US Climate Policy

Don Fullerton and Catherine Wolfram (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226269146
eISBN:
9780226921983
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921983.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Economic research on climate change has been crucial in advancing our understanding of the consequences of global warming as well as the costs and benefits of the various policies that might reduce ... More


Introduction

Jeffrey Liebman and David A. Wise

Jeffrey R. Brown (ed.)

in Social Security Policy in a Changing Environment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226076485
eISBN:
9780226076508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226076508.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This book compiles selected studies conducted through the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Center for Retirement Research. This center was created in 2003 with funding from the U.S. Social ... More


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