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Economic rationality

Barbara Townley

in Reason's Neglect: Rationality and Organizing

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199298358
eISBN:
9780191700880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298358.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Economic rationality is a part of the taken-for-granted assumptions of how organizations are understood and studied. Organizations have economic purpose and intent; organizational structures, ... More


The Claim to Economic Rationality

Włodzimierz Brus and Kazimierz Laski

in From Marx to the Market: Socialism in Search of an Economic System

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283997
eISBN:
9780191596032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283997.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The chapter concentrates on presenting the Marxist claim that socialism surpasses its predecessor—capitalism—in terms of economic rationality. The basis for this rationality is to be provided by ... More


Interpreting Medieval Agriculture

David Stone

in Decision-Making in Medieval Agriculture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247769
eISBN:
9780191714818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247769.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This introductory chapter argues that medieval landlords and their officials, on whom our understanding of medieval agriculture primarily rests, are usually perceived as being economically artless. ... More


Can Utilitarian-Welfare (Economic) Theory Justify Boilerplate Deletion of Rights?

Margaret Jane Radin

in Boilerplate: The Fine Print, Vanishing Rights, and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155333
eISBN:
9781400844838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155333.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter examines whether boilerplate rights deletion schemes can be justified by the “contract-as-product” theory. The contract-as-product theory attempts to sidestep the issue of consent by ... More


Computable Rationality

Kumaraswamy Velupillai

in Computable Economics: The Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295273
eISBN:
9780191596988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295278.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

There are two main themes in Ch. 3. Firstly, the demonstration that the choice behaviour of the rational economic person of standard economic theory can be shown, formally, to be equivalent to the ... More


Introduction

Pranab Bardhan and Christopher Udry

in Development Microeconomics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198773719
eISBN:
9780191595929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198773714.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Lists some of the issues explored through micro models in subsequent chapters of the book. Also discusses the general economic methodology followed throughout the book. In particular, the assumption ... More


Aristotelian Virtue Ethics and Economic Rationality

Christian U. Becker

in Economics and the Virtues: Building a New Moral Foundation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198701392
eISBN:
9780191770661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701392.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter discusses the relation between virtues and economic contexts and explores potential approaches to this subject matter by virtue ethics and economics. Referring to Aristotle’s philosophy, ... More


Politics and the Political: Genealogy of a Conceptual Difference

Oliver Marchart

in Post-Foundational Political Thought: Political Difference in Nancy, Lefort, Badiou and Laclau

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624973
eISBN:
9780748672066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624973.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In 1956, troops of the Warsaw pact states invaded Hungary and cracked down on the Hungarian revolution. This event had heavily dislocating effects on Western political thought. As a reaction, Paul ... More


Contesting Secularization: The Idea of a Normative Deficit of Modernity After Max Weber

Peter E. Gordon

in Formations of Belief: Historical Approaches to Religion and the Secular

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691190754
eISBN:
9780691194165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691190754.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter reveals that even secular-minded thinkers like Max Weber and Jürgen Habermas were or are now sensitive to such claims discussed in the previous chapter. Weber understood secularization ... More


U.S. Army Engineers and the Rise of Cost-Benefit Analysis

Theodore M. Porter

in Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of Objectivity in Science and Public Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691208411
eISBN:
9780691210544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208411.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter traces the history of cost–benefit analysis in the United States bureaucracy from the 1920s until about 1960. It is not a story of academic research, but of political pressure and ... More


Action Rational and Irrational

Steve Bruce

in Researching Religion: Why We Need Social Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198786580
eISBN:
9780191828904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786580.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Religious Studies

The model of human action as resting on rational choices between alternative opportunities for maximizing our utility has been borrowed from liberal economics by social scientists keen to refute the ... More


The Knowledge We Have Lost in Information: The History of Information in Modern Economics

Philip Mirowski and Edward Nik-Khah

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190270056
eISBN:
9780190270087
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270056.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

In contrast with conventional histories of “economic rationality,” in this book we propose that the history of modern microeconomics is better organized as the treatment of information in postwar ... More


Air Travel

Rob Kitchin and Martin Dodge

in Code/Space: Software and Everyday Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042482
eISBN:
9780262295239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042482.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses the dependence of air travel on software and focuses on the growing use of software in organizing, managing, and producing air travel. A persuasive set of discourses that ... More


Ageism

Stephen Fineman

in Organizing Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199578047
eISBN:
9780191806704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199578047.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines ageism and its three strands: stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. It first considers legislation against age discrimination and whether it works as intended before ... More


The Marijuana Milpa: Agricultural Adaptations in a Postsubsistence Maya Landscape in Southern Belize

Michael K. Steinberg

in Dangerous Harvest: Drug Plants and the Transformation of Indigenous Landscapes

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195143201
eISBN:
9780197561805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195143201.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Foreign fieldwork always presents interesting and unique challenges; however, fieldwork that involves illegal activities on the part of the study group is ... More


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