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Overeducation and Social Generations in France: Welfare Regimes and Inter-cohort Inequalities in Returns to Education

Louis Chauvel

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents a comparative theory and an empirical analysis of inequalities in economic opportunities and returns to education across birth cohorts. It focuses on the consequences of ... More


Creating Oportunity

Zoltan J. Acs

in Why Philanthropy Matters: How the Wealthy Give, and What It Means for Our Economic Well-Being

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148625
eISBN:
9781400846818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148625.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter describes the system of opportunity creation in the United States, which has been a series of inventions and reinventions of the means by which opportunity has been provided. It begins ... More


Freedom

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Libertarians defend a narrow version of negative freedom. Hayek defines freedom as the absence of coercion, but this position is shown to be untenable. A more common view is that laws and other such ... More


Promises and Politics: Head Start Sets the Stage in the 1960s

Elizabeth Rose

in The Promise of Preschool: From Head Start to Universal Pre-Kindergarten

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395075
eISBN:
9780199775767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395075.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The creation of the federal Head Start program in 1965 put the needs of young children from poor families on the national agenda. Head Start was inspired both by research suggesting the promise of ... More


Citizenship through Participation

Lisa L. Miller

in The Perils of Federalism: Race, Poverty, and the Politics of Crime Control

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195331684
eISBN:
9780199867967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331684.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores in more detail the nature and quality of interaction citizen groups have with the policy process in the two urban locales studied. In particular, the chapter addresses the two ... More


Is Sprawl Fair?: Liberal Egalitarianism and Sprawl

Thad Williamson

in Sprawl, Justice, and Citizenship: The Civic Costs of the American Way of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195369434
eISBN:
9780199852826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369434.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Rawls theory of liberal egalitarianism is used as a basis in determining the fairness of spatial configuration as it relates to the nature and purpose for which it was built and whether it undermines ... More


Women, Work, and Life Cycle in a Medieval Economy: Women in York and Yorkshire c.1300-1520

P. J. P. Goldberg

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201540
eISBN:
9780191674938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201540.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Economic History

This is an innovative analysis of the relationship between women's economic opportunity and marriage in the 14th and 15th centuries. It is based on an intensive study of York and Yorkshire, but also ... More


Women, Work, and Life Cycle: A Hypothesis Explored

P. J. P. Goldberg

in Women, Work, and Life Cycle in a Medieval Economy: Women in York and Yorkshire c.1300-1520

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201540
eISBN:
9780191674938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201540.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Economic History

This chapter explores more fully the structure of late medieval English society and examines the role women played in economic life. It compares and contrasts this with the post-medieval English ... More


Military Service and Material Gain on the Ottoman–Hapsburg Frontier

MARK STEIN

in The Frontiers of the Ottoman World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264423
eISBN:
9780191734793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264423.003.0023
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Just over a century ago, Frederick Jackson Turner presented his famous Frontier Thesis, which continues to be one of the most debated and controversial theories in historical scholarship and has ... More


Horse Trading and Other Material Bargains

Jonathan Karam Skaff

in Sui-Tang China and Its Turko-Mongol Neighbors: Culture, Power, and Connections, 580-800

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199734139
eISBN:
9780199950195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734139.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the argument that unlike popular belief, the material needs of the Turko-Mongols only played a small role in shaping the relations between the Sui-Tang Empires and ... More


Managing Heterogeneity

John S. Ahlquist and Margaret Levi

in In the Interest of Others: Organizations and Social Activism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158563
eISBN:
9781400848652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158563.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines how the national-level organizations manage internal heterogeneity across individual members, as well as specific geographically defined subunits. By observing internal ... More


John Verney: Networks of a London Merchant

Susan E. Whyman

in Sociability and Power in Late Stuart England: The Cultural Worlds of the Verneys 1660-1720

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250233
eISBN:
9780191697906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250233.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter reveals the importance of London to the Verneys and their friends, and compares John's city and country networks with those of Sir Ralph. It shows what it was like to live in London when ... More


The Great Migration

Janet G. Hudson

in Entangled by White Supremacy: Reform in World War I-era South Carolina

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125022
eISBN:
9780813135182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125022.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

Although the white reformers embraced the various economic opportunities that were presented to them through the mobilization of the nation after the war, these opportunities also brought about ... More


An Army of the Poor

Robert R. Korstad

in To Right These Wrongs: The North Carolina Fund and the Battle to End Poverty and Inequality in 1960s America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833797
eISBN:
9781469603674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895740_korstad.8
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter describes how community organizing was also very much on the minds of policymakers in Washington by 1965. The Economic Opportunity Act, which Lyndon Johnson signed into law on August 20, ... More


Occupational Identities and Social Roles

Sara Mendelson and Patricia Crawford

in Women in Early Modern England 1550–1720

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201243
eISBN:
9780191674846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201243.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter discusses the main features of women's work at the middling and upper levels of society. At these higher levels, taxes and rates were paid, life was less desperate, and women's work ... More


The Rise of the Public Religious Welfare State: Black Religion and the Negotiation of Church/State Boundaries during the War on Poverty

Omar M. McRoberts

in Boundaries of the State In Us History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226277646
eISBN:
9780226277813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226277813.003.0009
Subject:
History, Political History

This essay conceptualizes the War on Poverty as a period during which public religious capacities were incorporated into the institutional apparatus of the national welfare state. Such incorporation ... More


Husbandry to Housewifery: Women, Economic Change, and Housework in Ireland 1890-1914

Joanna Bourke

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203858
eISBN:
9780191676024
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203858.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This book examines the lives of women in Ireland between 1890 and 1914, tracing the shift of their labour out of the fields and into the home. It shows how their position within the employment market ... More


Making a Migrant Village in the City: Tejanos and the War on Poverty In Milwaukee

Marc Simon Rodriguez

in The Tejano Diaspora: Mexican Americanism and Ethnic Politics in Texas and Wisconsin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834640
eISBN:
9781469603254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877661_rodriguez.9
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter illustrates how a large group of “concerned south-side citizens” packed the Milwaukee offices of United Migrant Opportunity Services, Inc. (UMOS), a social service agency established ... More


Earning a Living Abroad

Stephen Conway

in Britain, Ireland, and Continental Europe in the Eighteenth Century: Similarities, Connections, Identities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199210855
eISBN:
9780191725111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210855.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

British and Irish migration to the Continent, while not as marked as in the seventeenth century, continued to be of some importance. There was also a reverse flow of continental Europeans coming to ... More


The New Model Army

THOMAS KIFFMEYER

in Reformers to Radicals: The Appalachian Volunteers and the War on Poverty

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125091
eISBN:
9780813135175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125091.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Loyal Jones, CSM's assistant director, encountered a crucial challenge. The headquarters of the movement was moved to Bristol as it was closer to the heart of the mountains. The Council was ... More


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