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Obesity under Affluence Varies by Welfare Regimes

Avner Offer, Rachel Pechey, and Stanley Ulijaszek

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Among affluent countries, those with market-liberal regimes (which are also English-speaking) tend to have the highest prevalence of obesity. The impact of cheap, accessible high-energy food is often ... More


Behavioural Biology and Obesity

Trenton G. Smith

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

While conventional wisdom holds that excessive body weight is the product of some combination of a high-calorie diet and a sedentary lifestyle, public health measures aimed at these factors have been ... More


Economic Insecurity and Social Policy

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of economic insecurity. Economic insecurity can be defined as “the risk of economic loss faced by workers and households as they encounter the ... More


How People Respond to Participation Requests

Adam Seth Levine

in American Insecurity: Why Our Economic Fears Lead to Political Inaction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162966
eISBN:
9781400852130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162966.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines how people respond when the issues at stake refer to economic insecurity. It presents the results of a series of experiments in which citizens were randomly assigned to receive ... More


American Insecurity: Why Our Economic Fears Lead to Political Inaction

Adam Seth Levine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162966
eISBN:
9781400852130
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162966.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Americans today face no shortage of threats to their financial well-being, such as job and retirement insecurity, health care costs, and spiraling college tuition. While one might expect that these ... More


The Challenge of Affluence

Avner Offer

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199216628
eISBN:
9780191696015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216628.001.0001
Subject:
History, Economic History

Since the 1940s Americans and Britons have come to enjoy an era of rising material abundance. Yet this has been accompanied by a range of social and personal disorders, including family breakdown, ... More


Why Rhetoric about Economic Insecurity Can Be Self-Undermining

Adam Seth Levine

in American Insecurity: Why Our Economic Fears Lead to Political Inaction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162966
eISBN:
9781400852130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162966.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter presents a theory about how people decide to spend money or time on something. It shows the link between being reminded of a personal financial constraint and actual behavior requires ... More


Self-Undermining Rhetoric in the Past and Present

Adam Seth Levine

in American Insecurity: Why Our Economic Fears Lead to Political Inaction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162966
eISBN:
9781400852130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162966.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter considers the prospects for political change in the face of communicative barriers to collective action. It begins to address this question by identifying several of the most well-known ... More


The Winding Road to the Welfare State

George R. Boyer

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

How did Britain transform itself from a nation of workhouses to one that became a model for the modern welfare state? This book investigates the evolution of living standards and welfare policies in ... More


Living Standards in Edwardian England and the Liberal Welfare Reforms

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter argues that the Liberal Welfare Reforms of 1906–11, which created a safety net reducing the economic insecurity associated with industrial capitalism, marked a watershed in the history ... More


Consumers’ Shift to Debt

Matthew P. Drennan

in Income Inequality: Why It Matters and Why Most Economists Didn't Notice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300209587
eISBN:
9780300216349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209587.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Debt of households has been rising rapidly since 1995. The debt to income ratio of the bottom 95 percent of the income distribution has risen well above 140 percent. The same measure for the top five ... More


Economic Security *

Mike Berry

in The Affluent Society Revisited

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199686506
eISBN:
9780191766374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686506.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

A key plank of Galbraith’s argument concerning the impact of affluence on contemporary society was the claim that the age-old problem of economic insecurity had all but disappeared as a factor in ... More


Risk and Lack of Diversification under Employee Ownership and Shared Capitalism

Joseph R. Blasi, Douglas L. Kruse, and Harry M. Markowitz

in Shared Capitalism at Work: Employee Ownership, Profit and Gain Sharing, and Broad-Based Stock Options

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226056951
eISBN:
9780226056968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226056968.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses the impact of subjective risk on workers' attitudes, preferences, and behaviors under shared capitalism and whether employee ownership and other forms of worker equity ... More


Crosscurrents of Crisis in 1970s America

Thomas Borstelmann

in The 1970s: A New Global History from Civil Rights to Economic Inequality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141565
eISBN:
9781400839704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141565.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines American anxieties about the longstanding foundations of American society and thought. By the 1970s, American society would be buffeted by powerful crosscurrents which reshaped ... More


The Beveridge Report and the Implementation of the Welfare State

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explores the story of the 1942 Beveridge Report and the beginnings of the welfare state. The policies proposed by Beveridge and the 1945–48 legislation were logical extensions of ... More


Social Welfare Policy and Living Standards between the Wars

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter describes the interwar expansion of social welfare policies and their role in alleviating economic insecurity in an era of unprecedented unemployment. The social security system ... More


Insider-Outsider Politics: Party Strategies and Political Behavior in Sweden

Johannes Lindvall and David Rueda

in The Age of Dualization: The Changing Face of Inequality in Deindustrializing Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199797899
eISBN:
9780199933488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797899.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter is concerned with the relationship between party strategies and the political be-havior of insiders and outsiders in the labor market, concentrating on the risk that outsiders may become ... More


The One Percent Solution: How Corporations Are Remaking America One State at a Time

Gordon Lafer

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501703065
eISBN:
9781501708183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501703065.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In the aftermath of the 2010 Citizens United decision, it's become commonplace to note the growing political dominance of a small segment of the economic elite. But what exactly are those members of ... More


The Burdens of Aspiration: Schools, Youth, and Success in the Divided Social Worlds of Silicon Valley

Elsa Davidson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814720875
eISBN:
9780814785065
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814720875.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

During the tech boom, Silicon Valley became one of the most concentrated zones of wealth polarization and social inequality in the United States—a place with a fast-disappearing middle class, ... More


The Quest for Security: Protection Without Protectionism and the Challenge of Global Governance

Joseph Stiglitz and Mary Kaldor (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156868
eISBN:
9780231527651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156868.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This book confronts the quest for security arising from the social, economic, environmental, and political crises and transformations of our century. It begins with an expansive, balanced analysis of ... More


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