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Changing the Rules of the Game to Build the European Economy

Jason Beckfield

in Unequal Europe: Regional Integration and the Rise of European Inequality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190494254
eISBN:
9780190494292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494254.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Economic Sociology

This chapter describes the development of the European political economy since the 1957 Rome treaty. It uses econometric and historical case evidence to build the argument that European integration ... More


The European Polarization of Income Distributions

Jason Beckfield

in Unequal Europe: Regional Integration and the Rise of European Inequality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190494254
eISBN:
9780190494292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494254.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Economic Sociology

The stratification of Europe combines two trends: the economic convergence among European economies and the within-nation polarization of the distribution of household income. This chapter examines ... More


Economic Rapprochement, Monetary Standstill, July 1976–June 1977

Emmanuel Mourlon-Druol

in A Europe Made of Money: The Emergence of the European Monetary System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450839
eISBN:
9780801465932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450839.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the paradoxical double turnaround in mid-1976: the improvement of economic convergence among European Economic Community (EEC) member states but the relative standstill in ... More


The Spread of Modern Industry to the Periphery since 1871

Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke and Jeffrey Gale Williamson (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198753643
eISBN:
9780191815232
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753643.001.0001
Subject:
History, Economic History, World Modern History

Ever since the Industrial Revolution of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, industrialization has been the key to modern economic growth. The fact that modern industry originated in ... More


Raymond Barre: Modernizing France through European Monetary Cooperation

David Howarth

in Architects of the Euro: Intellectuals in the Making of European Monetary Union

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198735915
eISBN:
9780191799860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735915.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Economy

Raymond Barre’s claim to be an architect of EMU rests ostensibly on his activities as European Commissioner from 1967 to early 1973 and his preparation of the February 1969 memorandum and the March ... More


Income

Alessandro Brunetti and Emanuele Felice

in Measuring Wellbeing: A History of Italian Living Standards

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199944590
eISBN:
9780190218850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944590.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The point was made by Robert F. Kennedy, brother of the U.S. president, in his famous speech of March 1968: the gross domestic product (GDP) of a country measures everything except what makes life ... More


Managing Migration in the Twenty-first Century

Philip Martin, Manolo Abella, and Christiane Kuptsch

in Managing Labor Migration in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300109047
eISBN:
9780300129960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300109047.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on measures that labor-sending and labor-receiving countries can adopt cooperatively to make international migration a sustainable exchange. Sustainability requires benefits to ... More


The importance of the euro for Europe

Marcel Fratzscher

in The Germany Illusion: Between Economic Euphoria and Despair

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190676575
eISBN:
9780190676605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676575.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Europe has experienced its deepest economic and political crisis since the 1930s and 1940s. A growing number of politicians, not just from the extreme right or left but also from mainstream parties, ... More


Trapped in the Middle?: Developmental Challenges for Middle-Income Countries

José Antonio Alonso and José Antonio Ocampo (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198852773
eISBN:
9780191887154
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852773.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There is growing evidence that overcoming the low-income threshold and reaching middle-income status is not sufficient for countries to converge toward high-income levels. Few middle-income countries ... More


The Insurance Potential of a Non-Optimal Currency Area

Waltraud Schelkle

in Democratic Politics in a European Union Under Stress

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198724483
eISBN:
9780191792106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724483.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter explores whether the eurozone can survive, given its diversity and an alleged North-South divide, without suppressing democracy in some member states. It answers this question by ... More


Germany, the euro, and the European Central Bank

Marcel Fratzscher

in The Germany Illusion: Between Economic Euphoria and Despair

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190676575
eISBN:
9780190676605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676575.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The euro is at a crossroads. Not only has it been blamed for having contributed to the European crisis and for preventing a solution, but there is a growing conflict between many in Germany and the ... More


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