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Democratizations in the European Periphery

Sonia Alonso and José María Maravall

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The 1962 Birkelbach report of the European Parliament declared that only those states that guaranteed truly democratic practices and respect for human rights and fundamental liberties would be ... More


 The Traditional Economy

Young‐Iob Chung

in Korea under Siege, 1876-1945: Capital Formation and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178302
eISBN:
9780199783557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178300.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the economic conditions and forces that affected capital formation and economic development in Korea prior to its opening to the outside world in the mid-1870s. It examines the ... More


Understanding the Nationalism—Social Policy Nexus

Daniel Béland and André Lecours

in Nationalism and Social Policy: The Politics of Territorial Solidarity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199546848
eISBN:
9780191720468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546848.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Chapter 1 considers the connection between nationalism and social policy in analytical terms. The first section discusses nationalism and social policy by making conceptual distinctions and ... More


The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Paul A. David and Mark Thomas (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book shows how analysis of past experiences contributes to a better understanding of present-day economic conditions; chapters offer important insights into major challenges that will occupy the ... More


Party Systems and Leftist Governments’ Economic Policies

Gustavo Flores-Macías

in After Neoliberalism?: The Left and Economic Reforms in Latin America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891658
eISBN:
9780199933402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891658.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter 3 accounts for the different factors behind variation in leftist governments’ economic policies. First, it advances an explanation of how the type of leftist economic reforms is best ... More


Living Standards in Liaoning, 1749–1909: Evidence from Demographic Outcomes

James Z. Lee and Cameron D. Campbell

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

To assess trends in the standard of living in Liaoning province in north-east China during the nineteenth century, the secular change in demographic rates and their sensitivity to economic conditions ... More


Highly Institutionalized Party System: Chile’s Pro-Market Continuity

Gustavo Flores-Macías

in After Neoliberalism?: The Left and Economic Reforms in Latin America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891658
eISBN:
9780199933402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891658.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter 6 argues that the highly institutionalized party system was crucial in accounting for the pro-market economic policies of Ricardo Lagos’s leftist government in Chile. It finds that moderate ... More


Standards of Demesne Farm Management in England

David Stone

in Decision-Making in Medieval Agriculture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247769
eISBN:
9780191714818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247769.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter examines demesne management in medieval England generally and suggests that efficiency was dependent upon person, period, and place. It highlights the general competency of demesne ... More


Increased Income Inequality in OECD Countries and the Redistributive Impact of the Government Budget

Anthony B. Atkinson

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The recent rise in inequality in the distribution of disposable income in many, although not all, countries has led to a search for explanations, particularly since for much of the postwar period ... More


Taking Stock: Scotland at the End of the Seventeenth Century

Christopher A. Whatley

in Anglo-Scottish Relations from 1603 to 1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263303
eISBN:
9780191734137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263303.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter provides a summary of the straits in which Scotland found itself in the opening years of the eighteenth century. It also presents the strengths and weaknesses of Scotland's economic ... More


A Labouring Poet

Richard Greene

in Mary Leapor: A Study in Eighteenth Century Women's Poetry

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198119883
eISBN:
9780191671234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198119883.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, 18th-century Literature

Despite the significant number of labouring poets who published throughout the century, Elizabeth Hands assumed that her social position would constitute an obstacle to the acceptance of her work. ... More


Social and Economic Factors, 1878–1944

R. J. Crampton

in Bulgaria

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199541584
eISBN:
9780191719325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541584.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

From the liberation to the end of the Second World War, Bulgaria saw growth without structural change. From 1878 to 1944, a number of traditional practices disappeared, but the fundamental nature of ... More


The Geography of Mental Deficiency

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter attempts to map put the ‘geography of mental deficiency’ in Great Britain during the 1930s. It analyses three interrelated elements: the ... More


Belgium, 1795–1914

Patricia Penn Hilden

in Women, Work, and Politics: Belgium 1830-1914

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228837
eISBN:
9780191678837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228837.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the social and economic conditions in Belgium during the period from 1795 to 1914. It explains that when the Belgian territory was annexed by France in 1795 it was already well ... More


Economic Trends and their Implications

Alison Sharrock

in The Arab Minority in Israel, 1967–1991: Political Aspects

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277125
eISBN:
9780191684159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277125.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the economic trends during the first 40 years of the State of Israel and their implications for the economic situation of Arab ... More


Social Science in Epidemiology

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses social science in epidemiology. During much of the later 20th century in the United States, the study of effects of societal and economic conditions on health was seldom in the ... More


Restoration Sicily: Poverty, Protest, and Power, 1815–1849

Lucy Riall

in Sicily and the Unification of Italy: Liberal Policy and Local Power, 1859-1866

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206804
eISBN:
9780191677311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206804.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter examines the economic and political conditions in Sicily upon the return of the Bourbon government from exile during the period from 1815 to 1849. In 1815, the Bourbon government ... More


The Formation of Post-Roman Society

Peter Sarris

in Empires of Faith: The Fall of Rome to the Rise of Islam, 500-700

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199261260
eISBN:
9780191730962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261260.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines in greater detail the barbarian invasions of the fifth century, looking at evidence for the size of invading armies and the impact of the invasions on Roman provincial society. ... More


‘Cette misérable contrée’: The Corbières in the 1780s

Peter McPhee

in Revolution and Environment in Southern France: Peasants, Lords, and Murder in the Corbières 1780–1830

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207177
eISBN:
9780191677533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207177.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes social, economic, and political conditions in the Corbières region of France during the 1870s. Though the Corbières had belonged to the kingdom of France since the 13th ... More


The Condition of England, 1870–1970

P. S. Atiyah

in The Rise and Fall of Freedom of Contract

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198255277
eISBN:
9780191681578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198255277.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter examines changes in the political and economic conditions in England during the period from 1870 to 1970 and the implications of these changes for freedom of contract. During this ... More


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