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The Amazon in Transition: The Challenge of Transforming the World’s Largest Tropical Forest Biome into a Sustainable Social-Ecological System

Toby Gardner

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The Amazon is a major biome for helping to stabilize the water and temperature of its region and possibly even the whole planet. But increasingly it is subject to droughts leading to the possibility ... More


From Baltimore to Bangkok: Interdisciplinary Issues and Strategies

J. Morgan Grove, Mary L. Cadenasso, Steward T. A. Pickett, Gary E. Machlis, and William R. Burch

in The Baltimore School of Urban Ecology: Space, Scale, and Time for the Study of Cities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300101133
eISBN:
9780300217865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300101133.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines the interdisciplinary issues and strategies relevant to a patch dynamics approach as it is applied to urban ecological systems. Many of the issues are common to a wide range of ... More


The Future of Ecology and the Ecology of the Future

Daniel B. Botkin

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter begins by outlining important advances in the science of ecology. These include the fundamental recognition that ecological systems are not steady state, but instead vary over time and ... More


The Baltimore School of Urban Ecology

J. Morgan Grove, Mary L. Cadenasso, Steward T. A. Pickett, Gary E. Machlis, and William R. Burch

in The Baltimore School of Urban Ecology: Space, Scale, and Time for the Study of Cities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300101133
eISBN:
9780300217865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300101133.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This introductory chapter examines Baltimore as a key site for the development of a new approach to urban ecology: an ecology of cities. This approach is based on four propositions. First, the ... More


Food Webs (MPB-50)

Kevin S. McCann

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Human impacts are dramatically altering our natural ecosystems but the exact repercussions on ecological sustainability and function remain unclear. As a result, food web theory has experienced a ... More


Ecological Research Promoting Positive Youth Development

Carol t. Nixon, Bernadette Doykos, Velma Mcbride Murry, Maury Nation, Nina C. Martin, Alley Pickren, and Joseph Gardella

in Academics in Action!: A Model for Community-Engaged Research, Teaching, and Service

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823268795
eISBN:
9780823272518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823268795.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

In this chapter, we assert that research, scholarship, and teaching in the fields of prevention and youth development can be greatly enhanced by extending the traditional scientific paradigm by ... More


BUILDING A FRAMEWORK: Health, Stress, Crisis, and Trauma

CHERYL REGEHR and TED BOBER

in In the Line of Fire: Trauma in the Emergency Services

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165029
eISBN:
9780199864089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The field of trauma response has been influenced by a number of theories that contribute to understanding. Stress theories consider the cumulative impact of working and living in stressful ... More


Theories That Help to Understand Bullying

Faye Mishna

in Bullying: A Guide to Research, Intervention, and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199795406
eISBN:
9780199949687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795406.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter will entail a review of theoretical frameworks that are typically utilized to understand and address bullying, including an ecological systems framework, social learning, cognitive ... More


Linking Social and Ecological Systems

Wayne C. Zipperer, Wayde F. Morse, and Cassandra Johnson Gaither

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0035
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The reciprocal feedbacks between social and ecological patterns and processes define socio-ecological systems. In urban landscapes these systems can exhibit a high degree of complexity, be ... More


Steps toward an Evolutionary Psychology of a Culture‐Dependent Specie s

Daniel M. T. Fessler

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Socially-transmitted information allows humans to survive in diverse social and ecological systems, a pattern that is as old as — and perhaps even predates — our species. This suggests that natural ... More


Building Adaptive Capacity

Tim R. McClanahan and Joshua E. Cinner

in Adapting to a Changing Environment: Confronting the Consequences of Climate Change

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199754489
eISBN:
9780199918843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754489.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In many places building adaptive capacity will be a critical part of preparing for climate change. This chapter discusses ways to build adaptive capacity in society, which is defined as attempts to ... More


Climate Change and Arctic Cases: A Normative Exploration of Social-Ecological System Analysis

Amy Lauren Lovecraft

in Political Theory and Global Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262220842
eISBN:
9780262285445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262220842.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter examines the effect of climate change on Arctic ecosystems using social-ecological systems (SES) analysis. It also considers the effect of global climate change on the social dynamics of ... More


Preview

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter sketches an approach to inference applicable to an enormous range of research problems—one that can be understood from first principles and that can be unambiguously communicated to ... More


Adolescent Developmental Theories

West Stevens Joyce

in Smart and Sassy: The Strengths of Inner-City Black Girls

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195121643
eISBN:
9780199865383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195121643.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter critiques the psychoanalytic theory of adolescent development as undergoing fundamental revisions influenced, in part, by feminist theory and developmental research. A developmental ... More


Complex adaptive networks

Cang Hui and David M. Richardson

in Invasion Dynamics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198745334
eISBN:
9780191807046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745334.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Biological invasions have served as an excellent natural experiment, allowing us to explore how species sharpen their weaponries (invasiveness), how recipient ecosystems respond to the intrusion ... More


Summary

Philip James

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0037
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The concept of balance has emerged as a means to link social systems with ecological systems and to address a tricky ecological issue, that of scale. Behavioural economics tackles the perceived ... More


The role of parents in preventing child overweight and obesity: An ecological approach

Karen Campbell, Kylie Hesketh, and Kirsten Krahnstoever Davison

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the link between parenting and children's obesity risk behaviours. The evidence reviewed and the structure of this chapter is guided by the Ecological Systems Theory, which ... More


The Tangled Web of People, Landscapes, and Protected Areas

Ruth Defries

in Science, Conservation, and National Parks

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226422954
eISBN:
9780226423142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226423142.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Protected areas currently comprise a substantial land use and cover 14% of the Earth’s land surface. Their expansion in recent decades, combined with increasing economic growth and aspirations in ... More


Explorations in Ecospace

Maclaurin James and Sterelny Kim

in What Is Biodiversity?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226500805
eISBN:
9780226500829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500829.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on local ecological communities, and on whether local communities are structured, organized systems; that is, systems whose organization has important effects on the identity and ... More


Seeking Adaptive Change in Wisconsin's Ecosystems

Stephen R. Carpenter

in The Vanishing Present: Wisconsin's Changing Lands, Waters, and Wildlife

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226871714
eISBN:
9780226871745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871745.003.0028
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The consequences of human-driven change in Wisconsin's ecosystems are highlighted throughout other chapters. What future can we expect for Wisconsin's ecosystems? To what extent can we direct ... More


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