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The Continuity of Mind

Michael Spivey

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The cognitive and neural sciences have been on the brink of a paradigm shift for over a decade. This book is intended to help galvanize the forces of dynamical systems theory, cognitive and ... More


Developing an Ecological Framework for Establishing Connections Among Dispositions, Behaviors, and Environments: From Affordances to Behavior Settings

Reuben M. Baron

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The author offers a far-reaching and integrative chapter in his discussion of affordances. He notes that behavior is a central element of any ecologically-based view of psychology. He explores ... More


Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Edward S. Reed

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book reorients modern psychology by finding a viable middle ground between the study of nerve cells and cultural analysis. The emerging field of ecological psychology focuses on the “human ... More


Epilogue: The Significance of Ecological Psychology

Edward S. Reed

in Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that ecological psychology exists as a unified but broad field of study. It is the study of how animals encounter their world, and while it has room within it to appreciate the ... More


The Effort After Value and Meaning

Edward S. Reed

in Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The previous six chapters have offered a perspective on behavior that is both novel and challenging. Taken together, they constitute nothing less than a call for a new psychology—one that begins in a ... More


The Emergence of Systematicity in Minimally Cognitive Agents

Paco Calvo, Emma Martin, and John Symons

in The Architecture of Cognition: Rethinking Fodor and Pylyshyn's Systematicity Challenge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027236
eISBN:
9780262322461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027236.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter, we examine marginal cases of systematicity in the behavior of minimally cognitive agents like plants and insects. Our intention is to provide in the context of such simple agents a ... More


Introduction: The Significance of the Psychological

Edward S. Reed

in Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This introductory chapter begins with a description of various crises faced by the science of psychology since the 19th century. It then discusses “the psychological” as a domain. It sets out the ... More


Toward an Ecology of the Arts

Joseph D. Anderson

in Psychocinematics: Exploring Cognition at the Movies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199862139
eISBN:
9780199332755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862139.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

For most of the life of the motion picture, (a little over one hundred years), there has been a continuous effort on the part of a small number of dedicated filmmakers, film scholars, psychologists, ... More


Affordances: A New Ecology for Psychology

Edward S. Reed

in Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Ecological psychology holds that behavior and awareness are an animal's ways of discovering and using key resources—the values and meanings—of the animal's surroundings. Human beings are no different ... More


The Importance of Information

Edward S. Reed

in Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers a radical hypothesis in ecological psychology and that is that information exists within the environment, specifying the affordances of that environment for that observer. If ... More


Uniting and Freeing the Mind

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter argues that the “divide and conquer” approach for understanding how the mind works (advocated by the traditional modular information-processing framework) has already provided about as ... More


PASSIVE VISION AND ACTIVE VISION

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This introductory chapter starts by contrasting two approaches to the study of vision, the dominant ‘passive vision’ approach as exemplified particularly in the work of Marr, and the ‘active vision’ ... More


An Evolutionary Psychology

Edward S. Reed

in Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Darwin treated both behavior and awareness as integral parts of animal life and as subject to the same evolutionary pattern of variation and selection as all other aspects of the living world. He ... More


Streams of Thought

Edward S. Reed

in Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a set of tentative suggestions toward a theory of cognition. From an ecological point of view, the study of cognition begins with an analysis of information and exploratory ... More


Approaches to Testimony: Two Current Views and Beyond

Kotaro Takagi and Naohisa Mori

in Handbook of Culture and Memory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190230814
eISBN:
9780190841157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190230814.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter develops an ecological and social approach to testimony as an everyday memory practice. It first analyzes the nature of this practice through a history of psychological testimony for ... More


From Systematicity to Interactive Regularities: Grounding Cognition at the Sensorimotor Level

David Travieso, Antoni Gomila, and Lorena Lobo

in The Architecture of Cognition: Rethinking Fodor and Pylyshyn's Systematicity Challenge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027236
eISBN:
9780262322461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027236.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter aims to challenge the theoretical tenets of systematicity arguing that this feature is language dependent and not a general capacity of cognition. We support this statement by means of ... More


Skilful Engagement and the ‘Effort after Value’: An Axiological Theory of the Origins of Religion

Nathaniel F. Barrett

in Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

Cognitive-evolutionary theories of religion have so far paid little attention to the value that religious practices add to life, focusing instead on the verbally expressed content of religious ... More


The World Well Gained: On the Epistemic Implications of Ecological Information

Michael Anderson and Anthony Chemero

in Andy Clark and His Critics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190662813
eISBN:
9780190662844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662813.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many commentators on Clark’s writings on predictive processing have wondered how well the predictive processing model actually fits with embodied and extended cognition. The former seems to imply ... More


Tough Times to Be Talking Systematicity

Ken Aizawa

in The Architecture of Cognition: Rethinking Fodor and Pylyshyn's Systematicity Challenge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027236
eISBN:
9780262322461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027236.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

During the 1980's and 1990's Fodor, McLaughlin, and Pylyshyn claimed that thought is in various respects systematic. Further, they argued that so-called “Classical” syntactically and semantically ... More


Strange loops of attention, awareness, action, and affect in musical improvisation

David Borgo

in Music and Consciousness 2: Worlds, Practices, Modalities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198804352
eISBN:
9780191842672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804352.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter champions the notion of ‘strange’, paradoxical, level-crossing feedback loops as a means to address the shortcomings of information-processing approaches to cognition, especially as ... More


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