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An Introduction to Complex Networks

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Mutualisms can involve dozens, even hundreds, of species and this complexity has precluded a serious community-wide approach to plant–animal interactions. The most straightforward way to describe ... More


Ecological and Evolutionary Mechanisms

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A persistent challenge in evolutionary biology has been understanding how coevolution has produced complex webs of interacting species. This chapter investigates the suite of ecological, ... More


The topology of ecological interaction networks: the state of the art

Owen L. Petchey, Peter J. Morin, and Han Olff

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers topology, i.e. the shape and structure of networks of interacting organisms in ecological systems. Species often form the nodes of such networks, though life stages, age ... More


Modeling food-web dynamics: complexity–stability implications

Jennifer A. Dunne, Ulrich Brose, Richard J. Williams, and Neo D. Martinez

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

One of the challenges in the study of complex systems is how to integrate recent network structure discoveries with advances in modeling the dynamics of large non-linear systems. This is important ... More


Mutualistic Networks in Time and Space

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the combination of empirical and theoretical work describing the dynamics of mutualistic networks in time and space. It also addresses what components of these networks are time ... More


The Structure of Plant-Animal Mutualistic Networks

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the structure of mutualistic networks. Despite their apparent complexity, mutualistic networks show repeated, universal structural patterns independent of species composition, ... More


Emerging frontiers of community ecology

Peter J. Morin

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Community ecology is progressing in a number of important new directions. Among many possible future directions, I focus first on the important topic of biotic invasions, since they alter the world's ... More


Role of network analysis in comparative ecosystem ecology of estuaries

Robert R. Christian, Daniel Baird, Joseph Luczkovich, Jeffrey C. Johnson, Ursula M. Scharler, and Robert E. Ulanowicz

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Estuaries are excellent ecosystems for testing the veracity of the inferences of ecological network analysis for three reasons. First, more network analyses have been conducted on estuaries than any ... More


Biological networks: A discussion of various networks of interest in biology, including biochemical networks, neural networks, and ecological networks

M. E. J. Newman

in Networks: An Introduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199206650
eISBN:
9780191594175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Networks are widely used in many branches of biology as a convenient representation of patterns of interaction between appropriate biological elements. Molecular biologists, for example, use networks ... More


Complex adaptive networks

Cang Hui and David M. Richardson

in Invasion Dynamics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198745334
eISBN:
9780191807046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745334.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Biological invasions have served as an excellent natural experiment, allowing us to explore how species sharpen their weaponries (invasiveness), how recipient ecosystems respond to the intrusion ... More


Network Analysis Links Parts to the Whole

Ferenc Jordán

in Natural Security: A Darwinian Approach to a Dangerous World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253476
eISBN:
9780520934313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253476.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents similarities between ecological and social networks and outlines how our knowledge in one field may help in better understanding the other. It focuses on how ecological network ... More


Species interactions in ecological networks

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores ecological networks and their properties. Ecological networks summarize the many potential interactions between species within a community by representing species as nodes in ... More


Ecological networks

Guido Caldarelli

in Scale-Free Networks: Complex Webs in Nature and Technology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199211517
eISBN:
9780191705984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211517.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents the area of ecological networks analysis, mostly in the area of food webs.


Multilayer Networks in Nature, Society and Infrastructures

Ginestra Bianconi

in Multilayer Networks: Structure and Function

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198753919
eISBN:
9780191815676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198753919.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 4 opens Part III of the book, ‘Multilayer Networks’, which comprises chapters 4–15. The chapter starts with an informal definition of multiplex networks, multi-slice networks and networks of ... More


Community Ecology

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Community Ecology provides a broad, up-to-date coverage of ecological concepts at the community level and is suitable for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and ecological researchers. The ... More


Species interactions

Shelley E.R. Hoover and Jason M. Tylianakis

in Behavioural Responses to a Changing World: Mechanisms and Consequences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602568
eISBN:
9780191810121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602568.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter considers the general mechanisms through which rapid global change can alter interactions with other species. It outlines the observed effects of environmental change on different types ... More


Constraints on Negative Relationships: Mathematical Causes and Ecological Consequences

James H. Brown, Edward J. Bedrick, S. K. Morgan Ernest, Jean-Luc E. Cartron, and Jeffrey F. Kelly

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

One problem in inferring process from pattern is that offsetting and indirect effects, nonlinearities, and other difficulties in complex systems may prevent a clear pattern from being generated even ... More


The Conservation Fund’s Garcia River Forest, California

Chris Kelly

in Stitching the West Back Together: Conservation of Working Landscapes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226165684
eISBN:
9780226165851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226165851.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The 24,000-acre Garcia River Forest, about 100 miles north of San Francisco, is a coastal redwood/Douglas fir forest owned by The Conservation Fund (TCF), a national nonprofit organization that ... More


Invasion Dynamics

Cang Hui and David M. Richardson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198745334
eISBN:
9780191807046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745334.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Invasion Dynamics depicts how non-native species spread and perform in their novel ranges and how recipient socio-ecological systems are reshaped and how they respond to the new incursions. It ... More


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