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Modeling food-web dynamics: complexity–stability implications

Jennifer A. Dunne, Ulrich Brose, Richard J. Williams, and Neo D. Martinez

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

One of the challenges in the study of complex systems is how to integrate recent network structure discoveries with advances in modeling the dynamics of large non-linear systems. This is important ... More


More Examples: Adaptive Diversification in Dispersal Rates, the Evolution of Anisogamy, and the Evolution of Trophic Preference

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores three more examples that all arise in the context of fundamental ecological and evolutionary questions to further illustrate the diversifying force of frequency-dependent ... More


A Brief Overview of Recent Climate Change and Its Ecological Context

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This introductory chapter summarizes the most prominent abiotic components of recent climate change to establish the environmental context from which the discussion in the rest of the book proceeds. ... More


Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Joshua S. Weitz

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

When we think about viruses we tend to consider ones that afflict humans—such as those that cause influenza, HIV, and Ebola. Yet, vastly more viruses infect single-celled microbes. Diverse and ... More


Dynamics of Consumer-Resource Systems

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on consumer-resource dynamics in systems where consumers of different sizes compete for a shared resource. It considers the implications of three important aspects of consumer ... More


Life History Processes, Ontogenetic Development, and Density Dependence

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter first considers the question of how ecologists have conceptualized populations. In other words, how has their research looked at “group[s] of individuals of one species”? It reflects on ... More


Demand-Driven Systems, Model Hierarchies, and Ontogenetic Asymmetry

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter shows that overcompensation and cohort cycles are also found in demand-driven systems, and that shifts in overcompensation patterns and cycle types can, as for supply-driven systems, be ... More


Cannibalism in Size-Structured Systems

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The previous two chapters discussed how the size scaling of foraging and metabolic rates affected the dynamics of consumer-resource systems. Using different modeling approaches, it was shown that ... More


Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Most organisms show substantial changes in size or morphology after they become independent of their parents and have to find their own food. Furthermore, the rate at which these changes occur ... More


Biomass Overcompensation

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter investigates the necessary conditions for the biomass in particular size ranges of a population to increase in response to an increase in mortality, and how the overcompensation comes ... More


Ontogenetic Niche Shifts

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers the consequences for community structure of ontogenetic diet shifts that involve the use of different resources in different life history stages, whereby these resources are in ... More


Dynamics of Consumer-Resource Systems with Discrete Reproduction: Multiple Resources and Confronting Model Predictions with Empirical Data

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers models where processes like foraging, metabolism, and mortality are continuous, whereas reproduction is assumed to take place as a discrete event at the start of the growth ... More


Emergent Allee Effects through Biomass Overcompensation

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the emergence of a positive feedback between the density of predators and the availability of its food, mediated through biomass overcompensation in the prey life history stage ... More


Emergent Facilitation among Predators on Size-Structured Prey

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses a variety of positive interactions between predators foraging on different stages of the same prey species, which all emerge owing to the biomass overcompensation that may ... More


Mixed Interactions

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses mixed interactions from a different perspective, taking as its point of departure the models for a structured prey, structured predator community with exclusive resources for ... More


Ontogenetic Niche Shifts, Predators, and Coexistence among Consumer Species

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers how stage structure and ontogenetic niche shifts may affect the coexistence between two consumer species competing for two resources in the absence and presence of predators, ... More


Conclusions

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This concluding chapter evaluates the Gaia hypothesis. Based on the evidence studied in this book, the chapter argues that the Gaia hypothesis is not a reasonable picture of how Earth and life ... More


Modelling the effects of habitat fragmentation

Calvin Dytham and Justin M. J. Travis

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0031
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter aims to describe approaches to modelling spatial population dynamics in fragmented landscapes. Understanding the consequences of habitat fragmentation on the evolution of dispersal and ... More


Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean: Insights for conservation

John D. Thompson

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198835141
eISBN:
9780191872884
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835141.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean: Insights for conservation brings together a diverse literature on the Mediterranean flora in a detailed but synthetic account of plant evolutionary ecology. The ... More


RECtifying and REConnecting

Daniel D. Hutto and Erik Myin

in Evolving Enactivism: Basic Minds Meet Content

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036115
eISBN:
9780262339773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036115.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 4 provides further examples of RECtification, this time with the aim of showing how REC can fruitfully ally with and strengthen two prominent nonrepresentational E-approaches to ... More


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