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Collaborative Innovation through Swarm Creativity

Peter A. Gloor

in Swarm Creativity: Competitive Advantage through Collaborative Innovation Networks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304121
eISBN:
9780199789771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304121.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter presents the concept of “swarm creativity”, beginning with the concept of swarm intelligence as observed in insects and drawing the parallels between social insects and collaborators in ... More


Scaliger’s Chronology: Early Patterns of Reception

Anthony Grafton

in Confessionalisation and Erudition in Early Modern Europe: An Episode in the History of the Humanities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780197266601
eISBN:
9780191896057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266601.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Nineteenth-century accounts of Joseph Scaliger’s chronology treated it as a triumph of true over spurious learning. Often, this was equated with a larger triumph of Protestant over Catholic ... More


The Eclipse of God 1

Thomas F. Torrance

in God and Rationality

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192139481
eISBN:
9780191670077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192139481.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter attempts to look into a number of epistemological issues that are of significance to modern thought. The title of this chapter is adopted from Martin Buber's book wherein he drew ... More


The Eclipse Riddle

Roy Sorensen

in Seeing Dark Things: The Philosophy of Shadows

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326574
eISBN:
9780199870271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326574.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

An observer is viewing a double eclipse of the sun. Traveling east is the heavenly body Far. Traveling west and nearer to him is the smaller body Near. Near is close enough to exactly compensate for ... More


The Art of the Commander and the Emergence of Predictive Astronomy

Alan C. Bowen

in Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The one feature of Graeco-Latin astronomy that has been thought to qualify it as the paradigmatic science is its ability to predict where the heavenly bodies will be at any given time. Aristotle ... More


God and Rationality

Thomas F. Torrance

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192139481
eISBN:
9780191670077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192139481.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book calls for ‘a return to theological rationality’: theological thinking must not be a construction of man's making but controlled and conditioned by the nature of its Object, God, the supreme ... More


Celestial portents and apocalypticism in medieval Ireland

Mark Williams

in Fiery Shapes: Celestial Portents and Astrology in Ireland and Wales 700–1700

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199571840
eISBN:
9780191594434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571840.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, Mythology and Folklore

This chapter deals with Ireland from the 7th to the 12th centuries, which represents the oldest literary material from the medieval Celtic world. It shows that a conspicuously biblical paradigm for ... More


The Astronomical Situation around the Year 1000

Bradldy E. SchaeFer

in The Apocalyptic Year 1000: Religious Expectation and Social Change, 950-1050

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195161625
eISBN:
9780199849666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161625.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Humanity has a long record of reacting strongly to heavenly spectacles. Celestial events can be regarded as omens for many reasons. Eclipses and meteor showers impress any observer with the awesome ... More


Chapter Four

Alan C. Bowen and Robert B. Todd

in Cleomedes' Lectures on Astronomy: A Translation of The Heavens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233256
eISBN:
9780520928510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233256.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter shows that the Moon is illuminated neither by inherent light, nor by reflection, but by the mingling of the Sun's light with the Moon's body. Several theories concerning the illumination ... More


Chapter Six

Alan C. Bowen and Robert B. Todd

in Cleomedes' Lectures on Astronomy: A Translation of The Heavens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233256
eISBN:
9780520928510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233256.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter explains that the lunar eclipses are caused by the Moon falling into the Earth's shadow. The shadow of the Earth moves in direct opposition to the Sun, and is, as it were, “dragged” by ... More


WILLIAM HUGGINS: CELESTIAL CHEMICAL ANALYSIS

I.S. GLASS

in Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter investigates the life of William Huggins and his wife Margaret and their major role in the development of astrophysics, especially in the analysis of starlight. It discusses William's ... More


ARTHUR EDDINGTON: INSIDE THE STARS

I.S. GLASS

in Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins by investigating Arthur Eddington's early life and his biography. It discusses that one of his first research programmes concerned the ‘star drifts’ discovered by Jacobus Kapteyn. ... More


Historicizing the Synthesis: Critical Insights and Pivotal Moments in the Long History of Evolutionary Theory

Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis

in The Theory of Evolution: Principles, Concepts, and Assumptions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226671024
eISBN:
9780226671338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226671338.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This paper focuses on pivotal moments in the long history of evolutionary biology in the way of understanding some of the major developments leading to the synthetic theory of evolution. It tracks ... More


Annie Scott Dill Russell Maunder (1868–1947)

Daniel R. Altschuler and Fernando J. Ballesteros

in The Women of the Moon: Tales of Science, Love, Sorrow, and Courage

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198844419
eISBN:
9780191879951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844419.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on the work and life of the marriage formed by Annie Maunder and her husband, both astronomers.


The Evolutions of Modernist Epic

Václav Paris

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198868217
eISBN:
9780191904738
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198868217.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, Criticism/Theory

Modernist epic is more interesting and diverse than we have supposed. As a radical form of national fiction, it appeared in many parts of the world in the early twentieth century. Reading a selection ... More


Guerilla Warfare. Solar Eclipse. Slavery. Conquest of Sergipe del Rey. Portugal Rejects the Spanish Crown.

Caspar van Baerle

in The History of Brazil under the Governorship of Count Johan Maurits of Nassau, 1636–1644

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036649
eISBN:
9780813041599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036649.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

While docked in the Bay of Saints, the Spanish fleet sent an army onto land in order to assist the fleet in the event that the Dutch attempted to prevent their landing. Maurits then led a land-based ... More


The Gorgon’s Head!

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The astronomer John Goodricke was first to realize the star Algol in the constellation Perseus regularly fades for several hours because it is periodically eclipsed by a fainter companion star. In ... More


Home and Hearth: Women, the Klan, Conservative Religion, and Traditional Family Values

Glenn Feldman

in Politics and Religion in the White South

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813123639
eISBN:
9780813134758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813123639.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines women, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), and traditional family values and conservative religion in the American South. It discusses the tendency of many Catholics in the region to allow ... More


Chapter Three

Alan C. Bowen and Robert B. Todd

in Cleomedes' Lectures on Astronomy: A Translation of The Heavens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233256
eISBN:
9780520928510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233256.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter discusses that the Moon, other planets, and stars are not the size they appear to be. It illustrates that the Earth's shadow is neither funnel-like, nor cylindrical. The notion that the ... More


Practicing Positive Asymmetry

Karen A. Cerulo

in Never Saw It Coming: Cultural Challenges to Envisioning the Worst

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226100326
eISBN:
9780226100296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226100296.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter discusses issues related to the practice of positive asymmetry. It argues that the practices used to distance the worst from our perceptual portholes are not haphazard or accidental but ... More


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