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Echo Chambers, Fake News, and Social Epistemology

Jennifer Lackey

in The Epistemology of Fake News

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198863977
eISBN:
9780191896255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863977.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A familiar criticism of Donald Trump is that, in watching only Fox News and similar news sources, he is creating a dangerous echo chamber for himself. Echo chambers are said to be responsible for a ... More


Gated Communities of the Digitised Mind

Thorsten Brønholt

in Big Data and Democracy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781474463522
eISBN:
9781474485012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474463522.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Brønholt here introduces the concept of gated communities of the digitised mind. These draw on the notions of echo chambers and filter bubbles to suggest that there are regions for at least some of ... More


How Twitter Gamifies Communication

C. Thi Nguyen

in Applied Epistemology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198833659
eISBN:
9780191872082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833659.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, C. Thi Nguyen argues that Twitter makes conversation into something like a game. It scores our communication, giving us vivid and quantified feedback, via Likes, Retweets, and ... More


Echo chambers

Alberto Acerbi

in Cultural Evolution in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198835943
eISBN:
9780191873331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835943.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

In this chapter, the focus is on the phenomenon of online echo chambers, trying an evaluation from the broad perspective of cultural evolution. It has been noted that individuals associate on social ... More


The Internet and Access to Information about Politics: Searching through Filter Bubbles, Echo Chambers, and Disinformation

William H. Dutton, Bianca C. Reisdorf, Grant Blank, Elizabeth Dubois, and Laleah Fernandez

in Society and the Internet: How Networks of Information and Communication are Changing Our Lives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198843498
eISBN:
9780191879326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843498.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Concern over filter bubbles, echo chambers, and misinformation on the Internet are not new. However, as noted by Howard and Bradshaw (Chapter 12), events around the 2016 US presidential election and ... More


Harrying the Stage: Henry V as Tetralogical Echo Chamber

Harry Berger

in Harrying: Skills of Offense in Shakespeare's Henriad

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823256624
eISBN:
9780823261376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256624.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter opens with Harry's “I know you all” soliloquy in Henry V. It shows that the drama of his transactions with himself, with Falstaff, with his father, and with the rest of the world unfolds ... More


Of Arguments, Accidents, and Asks: How and Why Political Experiences Occur on Social Media

Cristian Vaccari and Augusto Valeriani

in Outside the Bubble: Social Media and Political Participation in Western Democracies

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190858476
eISBN:
9780190858513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190858476.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

In Western democracies, most social media users are not part of political echo chambers but encounter a mix of views they agree and disagree with. It is mostly users who are heavily involved in ... More


The Epistemology of Fake News

Sven Bernecker, Amy K. Flowerree, and Thomas Grundmann (eds)

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198863977
eISBN:
9780191896255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863977.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This volume consists of a series of essays on the epistemology of fake news, written by leading philosophers. The epistemology of fake news is a branch of applied epistemology, and an exercise in ... More


r/democracy: Flexible Spaces, Experimental Habits, and the Problem of Self-Segregation

Jennifer Forestal

in Designing for Democracy: How to Build Community in Digital Environments

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780197568750
eISBN:
9780197568798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197568750.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The final necessary element of democratic space is flexibility. Flexible spaces facilitate the experimental habit required for democratic politics; they help us improve our communities. Using the ... More


Outside the Bubble: Social Media and Political Participation in Western Democracies

Cristian Vaccari and Augusto Valeriani

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190858476
eISBN:
9780190858513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190858476.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

The ways in which citizens experience politics on social media have overall positive implications for political participation and equality in Western democracies. This book investigates the ... More


The Future of Friendship

Rebecca Roache

in Future Morality

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780198862086
eISBN:
9780191927195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862086.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the future of friendship, arguing that there is no reason to believe that the future of friendship will be fundamentally different from how friendship has been in the past. ... More


Governance Indicators and the Broken Feedback Loop: Leveraging Communications for Impact

Hazel Feigenblatt

in Governance Indicators: Approaches, Progress, Promise

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198817062
eISBN:
9780191858680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817062.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents an overview of the role of communications in governance indicators and discusses challenges to understanding whether, how, and why their intended audiences use or fail to use ... More


How Do We Make Sense of Science Claims Online?

Gale M. Sinatra and Barbara K. Hofer

in Science Denial: Why It Happens and What to Do About It

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190944681
eISBN:
9780190944711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944681.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Science doubt, resistance, and denial have been amplified in the digital society. There is a previously unimaginable range of information available, and most people can no longer imagine life ... More


Analytic Audiences

David Karpf

in Analytic Activism: Digital Listening and the New Political Strategy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190266127
eISBN:
9780190266165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190266127.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

Chapter 4 uses the case of Upworthy.com to illuminate how persuasive political information now reaches citizens in entirely new ways. Upworthy is emblematic of a changing social media environment ... More


The User-Generated Nation

Florian Schneider

in China's Digital Nationalism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190876791
eISBN:
9780190876838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190876791.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 7 turns to user-generated content, social media, and ‘Web 2.0’ technologies in digital China’s message boards and comment sections. The cases of the Nanjing Massacre and the Diaoyu Islands ... More


The Internet and Epistemic Agency

Hanna Gunn and Michael Patrick Lynch

in Applied Epistemology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198833659
eISBN:
9780191872082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833659.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, Hanna Gunn and Michael Patrick Lynch examine the connection between epistemic agency and the internet. They identify two conditions that are true of responsible epistemic agency: ... More


Networked Deliberation across Political Difference

Ana Tanasoca

in Deliberation Naturalized: Improving Real Existing Deliberative Democracy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198851479
eISBN:
9780191886089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851479.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 7 explores one important obstacle to informal networked deliberation: polarization. If citizens exclude differently-minded people from their networks or refuse to deliberate with them on ... More


Ideology and Online News

Matthew Gentzkow and Jesse M. Shapiro

in Economic Analysis of the Digital Economy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226206844
eISBN:
9780226206981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226206981.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

News consumption is moving online. If this move fundamentally changes how news is produced and consumed it will have important ramifications for politics. In this chapter the authors formulate a ... More


Epilogue: What about Trump and Brexit?

Robert E. Goodin and Kai Spiekermann

in An Epistemic Theory of Democracy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198823452
eISBN:
9780191862137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823452.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization, Political Theory

This chapter reflects on the election of Donald Trump and the vote of the British electorate in favour of ‘Brexit’ from the European Union. While we refrain from judging the outcomes of these votes, ... More


Ideology as Narrative

Raul P. Lejano, Shondel J. Nero, and Michael Chua

in The Power of Narrative: Climate Skepticism and the Deconstruction of Science

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197542101
eISBN:
9780197542132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197542101.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Chapter 2 considers what happens at the sharp turn in the road when a narrative does not just lend meaning and organization to the group but isolates it from healthy public discourse; an adversarial ... More


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