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An Evolutionary Psychology

Edward S. Reed

in Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Darwin treated both behavior and awareness as integral parts of animal life and as subject to the same evolutionary pattern of variation and selection as all other aspects of the living world. He ... More


Biogeography and Phylogenetic Community Structure of Soil Invertebrate Ecosystem Engineers: Global to Local Patterns, Implications for Ecosystem Functioning and Services and Global Environmental Change Impacts

Lijbert Brussaard, Duur K. Aanen, Maria J.I. Briones, Thibaud Decaëns, Gerlinde B. De Deyn, Tom M. Fayle, Samuel W. James, and Tânia Nobre

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter assesses the global-to-local scale geographical patterns of the diversity of soil invertebrate ecosystem engineers, beginning with an account of macroecological patterns in soil ... More


Concerned with Trifles? A Geophysiological Reading of Charles Darwin’s Last Book

Eileen Crist

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0016
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the last book that Charles Darwin wrote before his death that has been celebrated in the fields of soil biology and earthworm ecology as a landmark contribution. It is argued ... More


Worms, Leeches, Centipedes, Woodlice, etc

Ian C. Beavis

in Insects and other Invertebrates in Classical Antiquity

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780859892841
eISBN:
9781781380598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859892841.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter describes the following: earthworms (Ges enteron/Lumbricus); leeches (Bdella/Hirudo); centipedes (Skolopendra/Centipes); and millipedes and woodlice (Ioulos, and Oniskos/Multipeda). It ... More


“Art Thou but a Worm?” Blake and the Question Concerning Taxonomy

Janelle A. Schwartz

in Worm Work: Recasting Romanticism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816673209
eISBN:
9781452947082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816673209.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter focuses on William Blake’s textual oeuvre about worms. They range from earthworm, glowworm, silkworm, and tapeworm to the more generic worm and its adjectival derivative, wormy. ... More


Habitat construction and functional feedbacks: How organisms modify their external conditions

Sonia E. Sultan

in Organism and Environment: Ecological Development, Niche Construction, and Adaptation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199587070
eISBN:
9780191814013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587070.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Developmental Biology

The presence and activities of organisms inevitably modify their external environments. These habitat construction effects in turn influence the organisms’ function and evolution in the modified ... More


Terrestrial ecosystems

Pierre Taberlet, Aurélie Bonin, Lucie Zinger, and Eric Coissac

in Environmental DNA: For Biodiversity Research and Monitoring

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198767220
eISBN:
9780191821387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767220.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 14 “Terrestrial ecosystems” focuses on the use of eDNA analysis for the study of terrestrial organisms, especially those found in or associated with soil. While eDNA-based analyses have ... More


Basic Information About Soils and Plants

Robert F. Keefer

in Handbook of Soils for Landscape Architects

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195121025
eISBN:
9780197561270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195121025.003.0004
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

All higher plants require the following factors for growth: . . . 1. Light 2. Heat* 3. Water* 4. Carbon Dioxide* 5. Oxygen* 6. Nutrients* 7. Mechanical Support* * Supplied by Soil or Soil ... More


Animals, Fungi, and Microorganisms

Earl B. Alexander, Roger G. Coleman, Todd Keeler-Wolfe, and Susan P. Harrison

in Serpentine Geoecology of Western North America: Geology, Soils, and Vegetation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195165081
eISBN:
9780197562123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195165081.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

Although plants are the major living components of terrestrial geoecosystems, other organisms are very important. Some animals move large amounts of soil, and many microoganisms promote the ... More


Environmental Modifications

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0034
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

In Democracy (1985), a novel by Joan Didion, there is a dramatic scene where a woman strikes her grown son and then abruptly leaves the room. Later, the ... More


Ecosystem Ecology and Forest Dynamics

Nalini M. Nadkarni and Robert O. Lawton

in Monteverde: Ecology and Conservation of a Tropical Cloud Forest

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195095609
eISBN:
9780197561546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195095609.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

The earth’s surface supports living organisms and their environments to form the biosphere, a thin film of life around the planet. Organisms participate in interacting systems or communities, and ... More


Soil and the Environment

Robert E. White

in Soils for Fine Wines

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195141023
eISBN:
9780197561768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195141023.003.0003
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

English has no exact translation for the French word terroir. But terroir is one of the few words to evoke passion in any discussion about soils. One reason may be that wine is one product of the ... More


The Nutrition of Grapevines

Robert E. White

in Understanding Vineyard Soils

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199342068
eISBN:
9780197562871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199342068.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

Grapevines must have 16 of the 118 known elements to grow normally, flower, and produce fruit. These essential elements, listed in table 3.1, are also called nutrients and as such are divided into ... More


Soil Fertility

S. R. Juo, Anthony and Kathrin Franzluebbers

in Tropical Soils: Properties and Management for Sustainable Agriculture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195115987
eISBN:
9780197561157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195115987.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

In the natural world, plant species evolve and adapt to specific soil and climatic conditions. The productivity and stability of a natural soil-plant continuum or ecosystem are maintained through ... More


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