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Metaphors and Systemic Change

Tim O’Riordan, Tim Lenton, and Ian Christie

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Tipping points are metaphors of sudden change, of fear, of falling, of foreboding, and of failure. Tipping points are thresholds of tolerance, of bifurcation, and of transformation which are built ... More


Geography applied

Robert J. Bennett and Alan G. Wilson

in A Century of British Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262863
eISBN:
9780191734076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262863.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This chapter discusses the main trends and the most prominent focuses of research regarding geography as an applied discipline. It concentrates on the contributions of geographers in Britain and the ... More


Conceptualization

Frank Biermann

in Earth System Governance: World Politics in the Anthropocene

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028226
eISBN:
9780262322928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028226.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter elaborates upon the concept of earth system governance based on existing literature in earth system science and global governance studies, making a distinction between earth system ... More


Bringing NASA Back to Earth:: A Search for Relevance during the Cold War

Erik M. Conway

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the Cold War, NASA became the largest funder of climate research in the United States, and a major player in the Earth sciences more generally. When NASA was created after the launch of ... More


From the End of the World to the Age of the Earth:: The Cold War Development of Isotope Geochemistry at the University of Chicago and Caltech

Matthew Shindell

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

After World War II, the University of Chicago founded the Institute for Nuclear Studies (later renamed the Fermi Institute), where distinguished Manhattan Project alumni were encouraged to explore ... More


Pangloss, Paley, and the Privileged Planet: Parrying the Wedge Strategy in Earth Science Education

Mark Terry

in For the Rock Record: Geologists on Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257580
eISBN:
9780520943711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257580.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Much has already been written about how intelligent design (ID) is antithetical to good science education. The boundless energy of the ID campaign inspires awe. Money has flowed to it steadily since ... More


Earth System Governance: A Research Agenda

Frank Biermann

in Institutions and Environmental Change: Principal Findings, Applications, and Research Frontiers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262240574
eISBN:
9780262286589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262240574.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This concluding chapter outlines the need for a new long-term research effort on the part of the Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change (IDGEC) on Earth system governance. It ... More


Introduction

Jill S. Schneiderman and Warren D. Allmon

in For the Rock Record: Geologists on Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257580
eISBN:
9780520943711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257580.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book is dedicated to the proposition that intelligent design (ID) should be a serious concern to everyone interested in science. Because essays in this volume take Earth science as their ... More


Organizing for Multidisciplinary Collaboration: The Case of the Geosciences Network

David Ribes and Geoffrey C. Bowker

in Scientific Collaboration on the Internet

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262151207
eISBN:
9780262281041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262151207.003.0018
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter discusses how multidisciplinary participants have contributed to planning and building the Geosciences Network (GEON). GEON is a cyberinfrastructure project that aims to produce a range ... More


Diversification

Peter J. Westwick

in Into the Black: JPL and the American Space Program, 1976-2004

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110753
eISBN:
9780300134582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110753.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the growth of JPL despite budget cuts in the planetary program. Instead of defending its main mission, JPL had a second option for institutional survival: find a new mission. ... More


James Lovelock’s Gaia Hypothesis: Archetypical Visionary

Sébastien Dutreuil

in Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226569871
eISBN:
9780226570075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226570075.003.0018
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

After a career as a chemist and engineer, James Lovelock proposed the Gaia hypothesis in the 1970s with Lynn Margulis, a biologist. The hypothesis highlights the important influence that living ... More


Introduction: Science as Literature

in The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802-1856

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226616681
eISBN:
9780226616704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616704.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter first discusses how, in the early nineteenth century in Britain, the new science of geology was publicized in spectacular and theatrical forms that enabled it to gain the ... More


For the Rock Record: Geologists on Intelligent Design

Jill Schneiderman (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257580
eISBN:
9780520943711
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257580.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

According to the idea of intelligent design, nature's complexity is the result of deliberate planning by a supernatural creative force. To date, most scientific arguments against this form of ... More


The Energy of Nature

E. C. Pielou

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226668062
eISBN:
9780226668055
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226668055.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Energy is crucial for events of every kind, in this world or any other. Without energy, nothing would ever happen. Nothing would move and there would be no life. The sun wouldn't shine, winds ... More


Models and Geophysiological Hypotheses

Arthur C. Petersen

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter reformulates the homeostatic Gaia hypothesis as belonging to a class of “geophysiological hypotheses” that postulate global homeostasis of environmental quantities by the biota, since ... More


It’s not about the Evidence: The Role of Metaphysics in the Debate

Charles E. Mitchell

in For the Rock Record: Geologists on Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257580
eISBN:
9780520943711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257580.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The apparent conflicts between science and religion with respect to human evolution owe their origin to the different roles that metaphysics plays in the two approaches to knowledge and to ... More


Seafloor magnetism and drifting continents

Dan McKenzie

in A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226284132
eISBN:
9780226284163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284163.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1960, almost no one believed in the idea of continental drift—that the continents move across the face of the Earth. Within a decade, a complete shift of opinion had occurred: continental drift, ... More


Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Stephen H. Schneider, James R. Miller, Eileen Crist, and Penelope J. Boston (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This is a multidisciplinary reexamination of the Gaia hypothesis, which was introduced by James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis in the early 1970s. The Gaia hypothesis holds that Earth’s physical and ... More


Loss of Trust in Experts: Earthquakes, Dams, and Well Collapses

Shiju Sam Varughese

in Contested Knowledge: Science, Media, and Democracy in Kerala

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199469123
eISBN:
9780199087433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199469123.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

When a series of micro-earthquakes struck Kerala, various scientific institutions provided contradictory explanations regarding the epicentres and magnitudes, leading to public criticism. The ... More


Clarissa’s Glacial Skepticism: John Tyndall and “Deep Time” in Mrs. Dalloway

Catherine W. Hollis

in Interdisciplinary/Multidisciplinary Woolf

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780989082624
eISBN:
9781781384961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780989082624.003.0017
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter focuses on Leslie Stephen's mountaineering, from his footsteps up mountains to his daughter's knowledge of glaciology, in Mrs. Dalloway. It considers Virginia Woolf's characterization of ... More


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