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A Stable or an Unstable World?

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines the claim of Earth's stability by looking at data pertaining to past variability of the Earth environment. The Gaia hypothesis proposes that life has had a hand on the tiller of ... More


From Sarcophagus to Ship: Traditional and Early Scientific Visions of the Flood

J. David Pleins

in When the Great Abyss Opened: Classic and Contemporary Readings of Noah's Flood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199733637
eISBN:
9780199852505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733637.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Various endeavors were made to make logical sense out of the story of Noah's ark even before the fundamentalist movement was set in motion. Although several Christian and Jewish interpreters ... More


The First Last Man? Thomas Burnet and the Revolution in Time

Fiona J. Stafford

in The Last of the Race: The Growth of a Myth from Milton to Darwin

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112228
eISBN:
9780191670718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112228.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, Mythology and Folklore

This chapter examines Thomas Burnet's The Sacred Theory of the Earth, an influential account of the earth's history based on the text of the Bible, published in the seventeenth century. In The Sacred ... More


Hugh Miller and the Geologic Diorama

in The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802-1856

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226616681
eISBN:
9780226616704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616704.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the work of Hugh Miller, one of Britain's most talented and prolific men of letters, whose descriptions of the ancient earth are numerous, varied, and often extensive. ... More


Lizards and Literalists

in The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802-1856

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226616681
eISBN:
9780226616704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616704.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter considers the increasing freedom with which British writers on earth history exploited the spectacular potential of fossils to stage the world before man. The first part charts this ... More


Novel Science: Fiction and the Invention of Nineteenth-Century Geology

Adelene Buckland

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226079684
eISBN:
9780226923635
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923635.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This book is an in-depth study of the shocking, groundbreaking, and sometimes beautiful writings of the gentlemen of the “heroic age” of geology and of the contribution these men made to the literary ... More


Marketing Geology

in The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802-1856

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226616681
eISBN:
9780226616704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616704.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how popular science in the early Victorian period was not a coherent or stable entity, but a battlefield or marketplace. Svante Lindqvist has compared eighteenth-century public ... More


Polite Science and Narrative Form

in The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802-1856

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226616681
eISBN:
9780226616704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616704.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

If early Victorian earth history was displayed in an intellectual marketplace, two questions press themselves forward: To whom was it sold, and how was it packaged? This chapter considers which ... More


Comparative Biogeography: Discovering and Classifying Biogeographical Patterns of a Dynamic Earth

Lynne Parenti

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520259454
eISBN:
9780520944398
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520259454.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

To unravel the complex shared history of the Earth and its life forms, biogeographers analyze patterns of biodiversity, species distribution, and geological history. So far, the field of biogeography ... More


The critical steps

Tim Lenton and Andrew Watson

in Revolutions that made the Earth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199587049
eISBN:
9780191775031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587049.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter aims to identify the most likely candidates for critical steps – truly difficult events that may have determined the pace of evolution through Earth history. A good place to start is the ... More


Ancient of Days

Keith Thomson

in Private Doubt, Public Dilemma: Religion and Science since Jefferson and Darwin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300203677
eISBN:
9780300213409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300203677.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter recounts how geologists and philologists began rewriting the early story of the earth by the time of Jefferson's death in 1826. This new generation of intellectuals challenged two ... More


Serpentine: The Evolution and Ecology of a Model System

Susan Harrison (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268357
eISBN:
9780520948457
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268357.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Serpentine soils have long fascinated biologists for the specialized floras they support and the challenges they pose to plant survival and growth. This book focuses on what scientists have learned ... More


Lyell Steps In

in The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802-1856

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226616681
eISBN:
9780226616704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616704.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the 1820s Scottish writers were beginning to corner the market in attractive literalist earth history. The new school of geology, too, is popularly seen as having been “founded” by two ... More


One of Ten Billion Earths: How we Learn about our Planet's Past and Future from Distant Exoplanets

Karel Schrijver

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198799894
eISBN:
9780191864865
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799894.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics, History of Physics

Illustrated with breathtaking images of the Solar System and of the Universe around it, this book explores how the discoveries within the Solar System and of distant exoplanets come together to aid ... More


: Earthquake Cracks

Conevery Bolton Valencius

in The Lost History of the New Madrid Earthquakes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226053899
eISBN:
9780226053929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226053929.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1830s, Davy Crockett wrote about stumbling into “earthquake cracks” during a bear hunt. His matter-of-fact reporting of earthquake evidence contrasts with how the New Madrid earthquakes soon ... More


: Memory and Earth in the Mississippi Valley

Conevery Bolton Valencius

in The Lost History of the New Madrid Earthquakes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226053899
eISBN:
9780226053929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226053929.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Sand blows remain visible around the New Madrid earthquake epicenters, but are so large and abundant that they become invisible, part of the unseen background of terrain. In the same way, the New ... More


“From So Simple a Beginning”

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Origins: The Search for Our Prehistoric Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702440
eISBN:
9781501706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702440.003.0003
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

This chapter tackles the question of the origins of life. As we trace the origins and emergence of a variety of organisms, we confront even more challenging and comprehensive questions; such as how ... More


A Framework for Understanding Environmental Change

David E. Anderson, Andrew S. Goudie, and Adrian G. Parker

in Global Environments through the Quaternary: Exploring Evironmental Change

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199697267
eISBN:
9780191810169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199697267.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents ideas that have evolved around the environmental changes in the world in the Quaternary period, or the last 2.6 million years. It recounts the discovery of the Ice Age and the ... More


Mutualisms and ecosystem-level processes

Nancy Collins Johnson

in Mutualism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199675654
eISBN:
9780191809422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675654.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Mutualism research generally focuses on communities and populations but exciting insights emerge when mutualisms are investigated from an ecosystem perspective. This chapter explores the ways that ... More


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