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What We Are Seeking to Explain

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter considers two theories to explain the earnings dispersion in the different countries studied: shifting pay norms and pyramidal/superstar theories. It argues that the fanning out of the ... More


Why Has the Income Distribution Changed?

John Hills

in Inequality and the State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276646
eISBN:
9780191601644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276641.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Looks at some of the causes of the rapid growth of inequality between the 1970s and 1990s, and of more recent trends. Looks at the widening distribution of earnings for those in work in the UK and ... More


Conclusions

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter reviews the discussions in the preceding chapters. It argues that the distribution of earnings is not outside our control. Although governments are constrained by the global economy and ... More


Canada

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on Canada and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It highlights the difficulties in reaching conclusions about the changes in earnings dispersion ... More


Superstars and Pyramids: Two Complementary Explanations for Changes in Top Earnings

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter considers the explanation of top earnings that has received much recent attention: the superstar theory. Here, trade and technology have a clear role in expanding the reach of the most ... More


Recent History in Full: Was there a Lull before the Storm?

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter discusses the evolution of the distribution of earnings in recent decades in the US, Canada, and eastern and western Europe. The data show that the late 1960s and 1970s were a period of ... More


The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

A.B. Atkinson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This book is about how much people earn and why the distribution of earnings has been changing over time. The gap between the top and bottom in the United States has widened significantly since 1980. ... More


Australia

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on Australia and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that the widening of earning dispersion took place during the Golden Age of the ... More


United Kingdom

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0034
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on the United Kingdom and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that there is evidence of widening dispersion from the mid 1950s to the ... More


United States

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0035
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on the United States and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that the 1940s were a period of wage compression; the 1950s saw a large ... More


Taking Data Seriously: Where the Data Come From and How We Should Use Them

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter discusses the selection and application of earnings distribution data. Topics covered include criteria data selection and quality grading, the variety of data sources available, problems ... More


Germany

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0023
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on Germany and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that there has been a widening of earnings dispersion and a fanning out at the top. The ... More


A Behavioural Model of Change in Differentials: The ‘Fanning Out’ at the Top of the Earnings Distribution

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter considers a behavioural model of changes in differentials, directed particularly at explaining the fanning out of the upper part of the earnings distribution. It suggests that changes ... More


France

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on France and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that the history of the earnings distribution in France since the mid-1980s is one of ... More


The Changes in Dispersion since 1980

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter discusses the changes in earnings dispersion in nineteen countries since 1980. In sixteen out of nineteen countries, either the bottom decile has fallen by five percent or more, or the ... More


Austria

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on Austria and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that from 1980, there has been a widening in the earnings distribution in Austria. A ... More


Hungary

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0024
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on Hungary and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that the degree of earnings dispersion went through several cycles, with a widening of ... More


Netherlands

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0027
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on Netherlands and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that the overall distribution of earnings in the Netherlands was fairly stable from ... More


Finland

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on Finland and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that there was a large a significant fall in earnings dispersion in Finland from the ... More


Italy

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0026
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on Italy and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that earnings dispersion in Italy decreased in the late 1970s, stayed broadly unchanged ... More


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