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Tipping Elements from a Global Perspective

Tim Lenton

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Several tipping points in the Earth system could be crossed this century, due to our collective impact on the planet interacting with its natural patterns of variability. This chapter summarizes ... More


The Economy, the State and the Public

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Many of the arguments of the book are summarized, with a special emphasis on the role of public action (in a broad sense) to alleviate hunger. Early warning systems and employment provision plans are ... More


Supranational Delegation and National Parliamentary Scrutiny since the 1970s

Peter L. Lindseth

in Power and Legitimacy: Reconciling Europe and the Nation-State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195390148
eISBN:
9780199866397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390148.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter describes the final element of the convergence of European public law around the legitimating structures and normative principles of the postwar constitutional settlement: national ... More


Spotting Financial Crises

Michael Chui and Prasanna Gai

in Private Sector Involvement and International Financial Crises: An Analytical Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199267750
eISBN:
9780191602504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267758.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Presents a critical overview of the literature on early warning systems and leading indicators of crisis. Examines the signalling method, the discrete choice approach, and structural models. ... More


‘Early Warning System’ for Dispute Prevention in the Transatlantic Partnership: Experiences and Prospects

W. MENG

in Transatlantic Economic Disputes: The EU, the US, and the WTO

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199261727
eISBN:
9780191698774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261727.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The Transatlantic Partnership began the valuable development of an ‘Early Warning System’ in 1999. The results so far have been mixed, but this seems the inevitable consequence of a tool that needs ... More


Company Governance and the Financial Crisis

Thomas H. Stanton

in Why Some Firms Thrive While Others Fail: Governance and Management Lessons from the Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199915996
eISBN:
9780199950324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915996.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Chapter 4 addresses governance and the financial crisis. Successful firms had strong CEOs who invited constructive dialogue, from the board of directors, their management team, and their risk ... More


Early Warning Signs and Preventing a Relapse

Michael T Compton and Beth Broussard

in The First Episode of Psychosis: A Guide for Patients and Their Families

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195372496
eISBN:
9780197562659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195372496.003.0019
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

In this chapter, we discuss early warning signs, which are signs and symptoms that often occur before an episode of psychosis. These signs and symptoms, though mild, may occur before the first ... More


Essence and Definition of Collective Security

Alexander Orakhelashvili

in Collective Security

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199579846
eISBN:
9780191725302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579846.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The validity and feasibility of the concept of collective security has for a long time been subjected to a debate and challenges on various grounds. The principal objections related to the alleged ... More


DEW Line, Uranium and the Arctic Cold War: Ginsberg’s Kaddish and Nabokov’s Lolita

Adam Piette

in The Literary Cold War, 1945 to Vietnam

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635276
eISBN:
9780748651771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635276.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter examines the Arctic Cold War and its inclusion in Allan Ginsberg's Kaddish and Nicholas Nabokov's Lolita. The first half of the chapter is devoted to Ginsberg, who first wrote the ... More


Defending the strategic force

Ken Young

in The American Bomb in Britain: Us Air Forces' Strategic Presence, 1946-64

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719086755
eISBN:
9781526115300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086755.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter submits the defensibility of the British Isles to a detailed analysis, showing how throughout the period under review, early warning radar cover was inadequate to secure US bases against ... More


Alternative stable states, tipping points, and early warning signals of ecological transitions

John M. Drake, Suzanne M. O’Regan, Vasilis Dakos, Sonia Kéfi, and Pejman Rohani

in Theoretical Ecology: concepts and applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198824282
eISBN:
9780191863271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824282.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Ecological systems are prone to dramatic shifts between alternative stable states. In reality, these shifts are often caused by slow forces external to the system that eventually push it over a ... More


International aspects of health

Kenneth C. Calman

in The Potential for Health

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629449
eISBN:
9780191723674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629449.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Increasingly international aspects of health have become more and more important. The ease and speed of travel and communication make it all the more important that countries communicate about health ... More


CERD, the State, mining corporations and indigenous peoples’ rights: the experience of the Subanon in the Philippines

Cathal Doyle

in Fifty Years of the International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination: A Living Instrument

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781784993047
eISBN:
9781526132284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784993047.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The chapter offers a compelling case study on the operationalization of CERD’s early warning and urgent action procedure in the case of the Subanon community located at the foot of Mt Canatuan in the ... More


Confronting Cairo: Israeli Perceptions of Nasser’s Egypt, 1960–6

Yigal Sheffy

in Israel's Clandestine Diplomacies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199330669
eISBN:
9780199388196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199330669.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines Israel’s perception of Egypt from the beginning of the 1960s through to the eve of the June 1967 war, with a particular focus on the assessments made by Israeli intelligence and ... More


Regime shifts

Cang Hui and David M. Richardson

in Invasion Dynamics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198745334
eISBN:
9780191807046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745334.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter lays the foundation for investigating system regimes and potential regime shifts (fundamental changes of ecosystem structure and feedbacks, with long-lasting effects on native ... More


Military Space: Expanded Uses and New Risks

James Clay Moltz

in Crowded Orbits: Conflict and Cooperation in Space

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159128
eISBN:
9780231528177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159128.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter explores military-related challenges and opportunities in space. To date, most military space activities consist of support functions—that is, technologies that allow military forces on ... More


Livestock Early Warning System for Africa’s Rangelands

Jerry W. Stuth and Jay Angerer

in Monitoring and Predicting Agricultural Drought: A Global Study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195162349
eISBN:
9780197562109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195162349.003.0032
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Rangelands in Africa (i.e., grasslands, savannas, and woodlands, which contain both grasses and woody plants) cover approximately 2.1 × 109 ha. Africa’s livestock population of about 184 million ... More


The Problem of Famines

Daniel Maxwell and Nisar Majid

in Famine in Somalia: Competing Imperatives, Collective Failures, 2011–12

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190499389
eISBN:
9780190638559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190499389.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter reviews what we know about famines. It outlines changes in famine theory over time, why famines occur, and how they are defined and measured. It also outlines how approaches to ... More


The Sustainability Transition

Oran R. Young

in Governing Complex Systems: Social Capital for the Anthropocene

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035934
eISBN:
9780262338899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035934.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

There is a growing gap between the complexity of major socioecological systems and the assumptions embedded in mainstream models of the dynamics of biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Whereas the ... More


Measuring Systemic Risk

Xavier Freixas, Luc Laeven, and José-Luis Peydró

in "Systemic Risk, Crises, and Macroprudential Regulation"

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262028691
eISBN:
9780262328609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028691.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter gives an overview of existing methods to measure systemic risk. The objective of this chapter is to provide guidance on how one should measure systemic risk in practice, including in ... More


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