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Era I—The Age of Human Survival

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the Age of Human Survival—which occurred tens of thousands of years ago during the Pleistocene Epoch. The first few early humans struggling to exist then were rather sparsely ... More


Conclusion: Human Cooperation and Its Evolution

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter reviews the book's main findings about human cooperation, beginning with a discussion of its origins. It shows that humans became a cooperative species because the nature of our ... More


Living Narratives

Christian Smith

in Moral, Believing Animals: Human Personhood and Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162028
eISBN:
9780199849673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162028.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The earliest humans huddled around fires to listen to shamans and elders telling imaginative stories by which they made sense of their world and their lives in it. They told myths about the world's ... More


Mother Right On the Continent

Eller Cynthia

in Gentlemen and Amazons: The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory, 1861-1900

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520248595
eISBN:
9780520948556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248595.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks at the spread of the matriarchal myth in Europe, examining how the myth gained popularity in Europe, specifically in Germany, and explains the contributions of German ethnology to ... More


The Leakeys’ Legacy

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Origins: The Search for Our Prehistoric Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702440
eISBN:
9781501706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702440.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

This chapter explains how the partnership of Louis and Mary Leakey was of major importance in establishing the African origin and early evolution of prehistoric human populations. It then goes on to ... More


Europe, 1923

Barbara R. Stein

in On Her Own Terms: Annie Montague Alexander and the Rise of Science in the American West

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520227262
eISBN:
9780520926387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520227262.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter looks at another of Alexander and Kellogg's major trips, where they visited several countries in Europe. It begins by noting Alexander's restlessness upon returning to the ranch after ... More


Peaceful Foragers: The Significance of the Batek and Moriori for the Question of Innate Human Violence

Kirk Endicott

in War, Peace, and Human Nature: The Convergence of Evolutionary and Cultural Views

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199858996
eISBN:
9780199332687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858996.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter examines two hunting and gathering societies—the Batek of Malaysia and the Moriori of the Chatham Islands—which actively suppress all violence inside and between groups. It attempts to ... More


The Archaeological Record: A Synthesis of Earlier Research

Manjil Hazarika

in Prehistory and Archaeology of Northeast India: Multidisciplinary Investigation in an Archaeological Terra Incognita

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199474660
eISBN:
9780199089093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474660.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology, Social History

This chapter attempts to address the prehistoric ‘people’ responsible for the array of sites found, albeit sporadically, across the entire length and breadth of Northeast India. Conspicuously, the ... More


The Grease Lamp’s Flicker and Flare: Dark Caves Illuminate

Steve Zeitlin

in The Poetry of Everyday Life: Storytelling and the Art of Awareness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702358
eISBN:
9781501706370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702358.003.0022
Subject:
Literature, Folk Literature

This chapter suggests that each of our souls is akin to that flickering, wavering light dancing upon the stone pallettes of early humans who painted in dark caves. It says a tiny lamp burns in each ... More


Via Pantomime to Protosign

Michael A. Arbib

in How the Brain Got Language: The Mirror System Hypothesis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199896684
eISBN:
9780190256159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896684.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter analyzes how praxic skills in imitation may underwrite development of communicative skills in the manual domain, leading to a limited repertoire of shared gestures in a group of apes, ... More


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