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Greek Buddha: Pyrrho's Encounter with Early Buddhism in Central Asia

Christopher I. Beckwith

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176321
eISBN:
9781400866328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176321.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

Pyrrho of Elis went with Alexander the Great to Central Asia and India during the Greek invasion and conquest of the Persian Empire in 334–324 BC. There he met with early Buddhist masters. This book ... More


From The Buddha to Ashoka: c. 600–200 BCE

Lars Fogelin

in An Archaeological History of Indian Buddhism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199948215
eISBN:
9780190234157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948215.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Non-Classical

Chapter 3 examines the fragmentary and limited archaeological, historical, iconographic, and inscriptional evidence of Buddhism from the time of the Buddha through 200 BCE. It is argued that few, if ... More


Pyrrho’s Teacher: The Buddha and his Awakening

Christopher I. Beckwith

in Greek Buddha: Pyrrho's Encounter with Early Buddhism in Central Asia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176321
eISBN:
9781400866328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176321.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter first summarizes what the attested and explicit Early Buddhism looks like, based on the analysis and presentation of data in the rest of the book. It suggests that the Buddha started out ... More


Scythian Philosophy: Pyrrho, the Persian Empire, and India

Christopher I. Beckwith

in Greek Buddha: Pyrrho's Encounter with Early Buddhism in Central Asia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176321
eISBN:
9781400866328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176321.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to show not only that Pyrrho's complete package is similar to Early Buddhism, but also that the same significant parts and interconnections occur in ... More


Jade Yoga and Heavenly Dharma: Buddhist Thought in Classical Age China and India

Christopher I. Beckwith

in Greek Buddha: Pyrrho's Encounter with Early Buddhism in Central Asia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176321
eISBN:
9781400866328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176321.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter considers the relationship of Early Buddhism to Chinese thought during the Warring States period (ca. 450 BC–221 BC). Chinese thought was in a nearly constant state of flux, if not ... More


Historical Prelude: Varieties of Naturalism

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Self: Naturalism, Consciousness, and the First-Person Stance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199652365
eISBN:
9780191740718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652365.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

The author identifes forms of naturalistic thinking in ancient India, in particular Cārvāka emergentism, early Buddhist trope dualism, and the minimal physicalism of Nyāya‐Vaiśeṣika. It is from a ... More


Early Buddhism: Three Baskets of Dharma

Alf Hiltebeitel

in Dharma

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834661
eISBN:
9780824870713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834661.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter investigates Buddhist understandings of dharma in the three baskets of the early Buddhist canon, taking them as an intentional organization of three different understandings of dharma ... More


Old Society, New Belief: Religious transformation of China and Rome, ca. 1st-6th Centuries

Mu-chou Poo, H. A. Drake, and Lisa Raphals (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190278359
eISBN:
9780190278373
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278359.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions, World History: BCE to 500CE

In the first century of the Common Era, two new belief systems entered long-established cultures with radically different outlooks and values: in that century, missionaries started to spread the ... More


Greek Enlightenment: What the Buddha, Pyrrho, and Hume Argue Against

Christopher I. Beckwith

in Greek Buddha: Pyrrho's Encounter with Early Buddhism in Central Asia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176321
eISBN:
9781400866328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176321.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

The argument known in Antiquity as the Problem of the Criterion was introduced to Western thought by Pyrrho of Elis, who learned it in Central Asia and India from Early Buddhism. The problem ... More


Lives of Early Buddhist Nuns: Biographies as History

Alice Collett

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199459070
eISBN:
9780199086375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199459070.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Alice Collett’s book is the most comprehensive study of women in Pāli Buddhism since the publication of I. B. Horner’s seminal Women under Primitive Buddhism in 1930. Collett’s focus is different to ... More


“When You Know for Yourselves”: Mindfulness, Wisdom, and the Qualities of Heart

Jake H. Davis

in A Mirror Is for Reflection: Understanding Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190499778
eISBN:
9780190499792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190499778.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This essay offers a naturalistic reconstruction of Buddhist ethical theory, drawing on two central themes of early Buddhist thought. The early Buddhist dialogues of the Pāli Nikāyas and the Chinese ... More


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