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1.3 “Superstar” Concentrations of Scientific Output and Recognition

Robert Ackland

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

In large-scale networks such as the World Wide Web, the distribution of hyperlinks appears to follow a “power law,” with a large number of hyperlinks directed toward a small number of websites (known ... More


2.2 The New e-Research

David De Roure

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Researchers of so-called big science try to cope with enormous amounts of data produced by new experimental techniques and data-capture technologies by harnessing large-scale computational and data ... More


2.3 The Promises and Threats of e-Research in the Strategies of Firms and Nations

John Taylor

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

The exponential growth of the global information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure—based on Grids, the Internet, the World Wide Web, and broadband wireless—has dramatically improved ... More


5.1 Trusted Computing Platforms

Andrew Martin

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0018
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Internet-enabled technologies and tools have major security weaknesses that put the take-up of distributed computing at risk. Boundary protections, including firewalls that filter and guard against ... More


5.2 Social Networking and e-Research

Mike Thelwall

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0019
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

From an e-Research perspective, social networking is of interest for two reasons. First, the software is complex and based on large databases containing users' details, pictures, and other resources. ... More


6.1 An e-Infrastructure for the Social Sciences

Rob Procter

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0021
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Since the 1960s, funding bodies around the world have made heavy investments in resources that provide the evidence base for social science research. However, there have been concerns that such ... More


8.1 Ethical and Moral Dimensions of e-Research

Michael Parker

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0027
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines the ethical dimensions of distributed collaboration in e-Research and offers recommendations for research strategies. It explains the distinction between morals and ethics and ... More


8.2 Data Sharing in Genomics—Is It Lawful?

Jane Kaye

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0028
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Sharing of sequence (genotype) data has contributed to major advances in the field of genomics, as shown by the development of a range of community resources, including the International Human Genome ... More


9.1 The Agenda-Setting Role of e-Research

Paul Wouters

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0031
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

A complex institutional and intellectual arrangement shapes the agenda of publicly funded scholarly and scientific research. Given the potential of e-Research to alter the landscape dramatically of ... More


World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

William H. Dutton and Paul W. Jeffreys (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Advances in information and communication technology are transforming the way scholarly research is conducted across all disciplines. The use of increasingly powerful and versatile computer-based and ... More


Digital Resources and the Future of Libraries

Eric T. Meyer, Christine Madsen, and Jenny Fry

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines the challenges faced by academic libraries and archives as e-Research and digital scholarship mature. In particular, it discusses the tensions between open access and ... More


Key Digital Technologies to Deal with Data

Yorick Wilks and Matthijs den Besten

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter focuses on the key technologies and data management approaches that can help researchers cope with information overload, and examines major challenges for e-Research such as the ... More


4.1 Embedded Networked Sensing

Christine L. Borgman

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Embedded and wireless sensor networks are transforming research in the biosciences, environmental sciences, and other fields. However, these technologies also contribute significantly to the data ... More


4.3 Use of the Semantic Web in e-Research

Kieron O’Hara, Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall, and Nigel Shadbolt

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

“Semantic Web” refers to a Web of linked data and has four key components: uniform resource identifiers (URIs), Resource Description Framework (RDF), ontologies, and Simple Protocol and RDF Query ... More


Embedding e-Research Applications : Designing for Usability

Grace de la Flor, Marina Jirotka, Sharon Lloyd, and Andrew Warr

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0017
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines key technical artifacts of e-Research, including e-Infrastructure and application software tools, from the perspective of the researchers who are trying to achieve their ... More


Enabling or Mediating the Social Sciences? The Opportunities and Risks of Bottom-up Innovation

William H. Dutton and Eric T. Meyer

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0020
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines how information and communication technologies (ICTs) can transform the work of social scientists and how social scientists can influence e-Research capabilities and outcomes. ... More


Institutional Infrastructures for Global Research Networks in the Public Sector

Paul A. David and Michael Spence

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0023
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter looks at the institutional infrastructures for global research networks in the public sector. Drawing on the results of a survey and case studies of e-science projects in the United ... More


7.2 The Value of Authorship in the Digital Environment: Producing and Protecting Scientific Information

Justine Pila

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0025
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Digital technology has a direct impact on copyright doctrine, but its impact on the production of informational works and the institutional arrangements for their protection is not well understood. ... More


The Politics of Privacy, Confidentiality, and Ethics : Opening Research Methods

William H. Dutton and Tina Piper

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0026
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter explores the politics of privacy, confidentiality, and ethics relating to e-Research, including the main directions in which existing research practices are challenged. It begins with a ... More


8.3 Protecting Confidentiality

Julia Lane

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0029
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Social scientists are now able to observe human interactions in cyberspace and to use digital technology to track what people do and when they do it. This has resulted in an explosion of rich new ... More


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