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Genetic Linkage Studies

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.32
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the basic concepts and methods of genetic linkage studies. It first describes what linkage means and how investigators go about detecting linkage. It then discusses the causal ... More


Huntington's Disease

Oliver Quarrell

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198844389
eISBN:
9780191926815
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844389.001.0001
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Clinical Medicine

Huntington’s disease (HD)―the facts provides an overview of the condition aimed at families and carers understanding the condition. It describes the key features of: a movement disorder, disturbance ... More


Neurological symptoms

Justin Amery, Susie Lapwood, and Michelle Meiring

in Children's Palliative Care in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199567966
eISBN:
9780191730566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567966.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter notes that neurological problems are relatively common in children's palliative care. Delirium is a common problem in childhood and extremely common in children towards the end of life. ... More


The neurophysiology of focal hand dystonia in musicians

Karin Rosenkranz

in Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199298723
eISBN:
9780191700903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298723.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter discusses the neurophysiology of focal hand dystonia in musicians. Studies of focal hand dystonia reveal abnormalities in three main areas: (1) reduced excitability of inhibitory ... More


Movement Disorders

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.06
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter covers five movement disorders: Parkinson's disease, dystonia, tic disorders, Huntington's disease, and essential tremor. These disorders demonstrate many of the most common challenges ... More


Neuroleptic Treatment-Induced Abnormal Neck Posture

Yoshihiro Kaneko

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0113
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Clinical characteristics and the mechanisms of development of tardice dystonia observed in a group of patients undergoing long-term neuroleptic therapy are investigated in this chapter. The ... More


The Brain that makes Music and is Changed by it

Alvaro Pascual-Leone

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter begins by discussing how learning to play the piano changes the brain. An experiment is shown which correlate skill acquisition with changes in motor cortical output. It is demonstrated ... More


The role of inhibition in the motor control of finger function

Christian Gerloff and Friedhelm Hummel

in Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199298723
eISBN:
9780191700903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298723.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Successful music performance requires adequate contextual control of behaviour, that is, the retrieval and non-retrieval, or inhibition, of learned actions. This chapter describes recent advances in ... More


The end of the song? Robert Schumann's focal dystonia

Eckart Altenmüller

in Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199298723
eISBN:
9780191700903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298723.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter focuses on Robert Schumann, one of the most prominent composers of the early romantic period. Early in his adolescence he displayed extraordinary skills in piano playing and attempted to ... More


Epidemiology, phenomenology, and therapy of musician's cramp

Hans-Christian Jabusch and Eckart Altenmüller

in Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199298723
eISBN:
9780191700903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298723.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Focal dystonia in musicians, also known as musician's cramp, is a task-specific movement disorder which presents itself as a painless muscular incoordination or loss of voluntary motor control of ... More


The development of focal dystonia in musicians as a consequence of maladaptive plasticity: implications for intervention

Nancy N. Byl and Alberto Priori

in Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199298723
eISBN:
9780191700903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298723.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter discusses evidence from animal and human studies suggesting that focal hand dystonia is due to multiple risk factors, one of which may be maladaptive plasticity. There is consistent ... More


Management of Blepharospasm and Hemifacial Spasm

Heeral Shah and Michael T. Yen

in Surgery of the Eyelid, Lacrimal System, and Orbit

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195340211
eISBN:
9780197562574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195340211.003.0016
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Ophthalmology

Benign essential blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm are chronic and disabling medical conditions. Both disorders can result in uncontrollable blinking or frank spasms of the eyelids and face, which ... More


The physical features of Huntington’s disease

Oliver Quarrell

in Huntington's Disease

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198844389
eISBN:
9780191926815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844389.003.0002
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Clinical Medicine

This chapter focuses mainly on the movement disorder, speech, balance, weight loss, swallowing, and speech. Chorea or purposeless involuntary movement is most commonly associated with HD. A patient ... More


Alex Klein

Michele Fiala

in Great Oboists on Music and Musicianship

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190915094
eISBN:
9780190915131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915094.003.0017
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

Brazilian oboist Alex Klein won a 2002 Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist with Orchestra and first prize at the International Competition in Geneva, the New York International Oboe ... More


Psychiatry

Iqbal Khan (ed.)

in Best of Five MCQs for the MRCP Part 1 Volume 3

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198747178
eISBN:
9780191916939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747178.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions A 46-year-old woman has a GCS score of 10/15. Ambulance staff report that they found several empty diazepam packets on her kitchen table, prescribed by her GP due to difficulty sleeping ... More


Nerves Redux

Edward Shorter

in How Everyone Became Depressed: The Rise and Fall of the Nervous Breakdown

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199948086
eISBN:
9780197563304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199948086.003.0015
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

We might have thought that the concept of nerves ended in 1957 when the United States Post Office Department initiated a fraud proceeding against John Winters of New York City, who had been ... More


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