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Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Kenneth M. Heilman

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

There are many ways to study the brain. Although anatomical and physiological studies can help us understand the substrates of behavior, most of what we have learned about how the brain mediates ... More


Ontogeny, Autism, Empathy, and Evolution

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A wide variety of well-studied phenomena associated with mindreading are surveyed to probe the consistency of what is known about them with our version of simulation theory. These phenomena include ... More


Dopamine Dysfunction in Schizophrenia: From Genetic Susceptibility to Cognitive Impairment

Heike Tost, Shabnam Hakimi, and Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0039
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter provides an overview of the causes and effects of dopamine dysfunction in schizophrenia. In doing so, it summarizes historical perspectives and our current scientific knowledge about the ... More


Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

L. S. Illis (ed.)

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This is the second in a series of books dealing with the enormous clinical problem of spinal-cord dysfunction. Volume I discussed assessment; this book focuses on intervention. There are three main ... More


Trauma and Autobiographical Memory Functioning: Findings from a Longitudinal Study of Family Violence

Andrea F. Greenhoot, Sarah L. Bunnell, Jennifer S. Curtis, and Alisa Miller Beyer

in Stress, Trauma, and Children's Memory Development: Neurobiological, cognitive, clinical and legal perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195308457
eISBN:
9780199867387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308457.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines what is known about changes in autobiographical memory development or memory functioning that may be brought about by chronic exposure to stressful events such as abuse. It ... More


Introduction

L. S. Illis

in Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter focuses on various approaches to intervention and treatment of spinal chord dysfunction. The main research drive towards a cure for spinal injury will undoubtedly have an effect on the ... More


Neuropsychological assessment of memory disorders

Veronica Bradley and Narinder Kapur

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.009
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

Memory difficulties are often the first and the most prominent sign of insidious or acute cerebral dysfunction, and may also represent the most common, or most notable, disability that remains after ... More


Exploring the Myths about Parkinson’s Disease

Yves Agid and Andreas Hartmann

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0029
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter addresses nine myths about Parkinson's disease (PD). Among these are the myths that PD is a movement disorder characterized by the classic triad of akinesia, rigidity, and tremor; that ... More


The Role of Dopamine in the Pathophysiology and Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder

Boadie W. Dunlop and Charles B. Nemeroff

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0040
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

Many of the studies exploring dopamine (DA) function in depression have produced inconsistent findings. Contributors to this inconsistency include the diagnostic heterogeneity of major depressive ... More


Dopamine Modulation of Forebrain Pathways and the Pathophysiology of Psychiatric Disorders

Anthony A. Grace

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0041
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

Dopamine (DA) has received substantial attention due to its involvement in a wide array of neurological and psychiatric disorders, ranging from Parkinson's disease to affective disorders and ... More


Function and Form

Glenn Parsons and Allen Carlson

in Functional Beauty

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199205240
eISBN:
9780191709296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205240.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter addresses some lingering concerns about the aesthetic status of fitness and other function-related aesthetic qualities. The issues are framed in the somewhat broader terms afforded by ... More


Anosognosia for hemiplegia: A confabulatory state

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Confabulation: Views from Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199208913
eISBN:
9780191723759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208913.003.09
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

One of the most dramatic forms of confabulation is anosognosia. In spite of having a profound neurological deficit, patients with this disorder tell the examiner that they have no problems. In ... More


The Epidemiology of Heart Failure

John G.F. Cleland

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter concentrates on the state of knowledge in the epidemiology of heart failure (HF). It starts by addressing the definition, diagnosis, and cause of HF in order to understand the ... More


Traumatic injury of spinal axons

OSAMU HONMOU and WISE YOUNG

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the mechanisms of axonal loss and dysfunction in spinal cord injury. It focuses on the primary causes of axonal injury, the subsequent extracellular ionic derangements that ... More


Neurobiology of Aggression in Children

R. James R. Blair, Karina S. Peschardt, Salima Budhani, and Daniel S. Pine

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter reviews neurobiological risk factors for aggression in children. It begins by considering two general positions that have received considerable attention with respect to aggression in ... More


The Nature of Institutional Impediments to Economic Development

Pranab Bardhan

in A Not-so-dismal Science: A Broader View of Economies and Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294900
eISBN:
9780191596728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294905.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Consideration is given to the impediments to economic development and the social dysfunctions that market mechanisms cannot cure because the large number of collective actions required cannot emerge ... More


Creating and Sustaining Interdisciplinary Teams

Felice Davidson Perlmutter, Darlyne Bailey, and F. Ellen Netting

in Managing Human Resources in the Human Services: Supervisory Challenges

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195137071
eISBN:
9780199865611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137071.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter examines interdisciplinary teams, with the managerial supervisor as team leader and highlights some of the critical intra-team issues. It argues that interdisciplinary teams are one of ... More


The neuropsychology of endocrine disorders

David M. Erlanger, Geoffrey Tremont, and Jennifer Duncan Davis

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.30
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

A basic understanding of how endocrine dysfunction affects the central nervous system is important for a majority of cases referred for assessment by clinical neuropsychologists. Beyond playing a ... More


Exposing Men: The Science and Politics of Male Reproduction

Cynthia R. Daniels

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195148411
eISBN:
9780199850990
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148411.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book examines how ideals of masculinity have long skewed our societal—and scientific—understanding of one of the pillars of male identity: reproductive health. Only with the recent public ... More


From System to Process

Wolfgang Streeck

in Re-Forming Capitalism: Institutional Change in the German Political Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199573981
eISBN:
9780191702136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573981.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, International Business

The notion of complementarity, or how two institutions enhance each others' performance, belongs in a functionalist view where social structures are explained by the tasks associated with these ... More


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