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A Primer for Dynamical Systems

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces the reader to some of the main conceptual ideas behind dynamical systems theory from the perspective of an experimentalist. It first considers the qualitative approaches used ... More


Development as Change of System Dynamics: Stability, Instability, and Emergence

Gregor Schöner

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Dynamical systems thinking can provide metaphors that help ask new questions, generate new experimental paradigms and measures, and lead to new kinds of explanations. This chapter reviews dynamical ... More


Transitions in Cognitive Development: Prospects and Limitations of a Neural Dynamic Approach

Han L. J. van der Maas and Maartje E. J. Raijmakers

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses old-fashioned cognitive development from the point of view of two modern approaches, connectionism and nonlinear dynamical systems theory. The main assertion in both ... More


Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

John Spencer (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

From William James to Sigmund Freud to Jean Piaget to B. F. Skinner, scholars (and parents) have wondered how children move from the blooming, buzzing confusion of infancy, through the tumult of ... More


Historical developments 1

ANDRÉ AUTHIER

in Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528920
eISBN:
9780191713125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528920.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter provides a historical introduction to X-ray dynamical diffraction. It starts with an account of Ewald's thesis on the dispersion of light and of the famous experiment of the diffraction ... More


Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction

André Authier

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528920
eISBN:
9780191713125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528920.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

X-ray diffraction is a major tool for the study of crystal structures and the characterization of crystal perfection. Since the discovery of X-ray diffraction by von Laue, Friedrich, and Knipping in ... More


Introductory Concepts

Domitilla Del Vecchio and Richard M. Murray

in Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides a brief introduction to concepts from systems biology; tools from differential equations and control theory; and approaches to the modeling, analysis, and design of biomolecular ... More


Embedded Cognition and Computation

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter spells out the embedded view and the principles of modeling normally associated with it. The embedded approach aims to minimize the amount of computation and representation included in ... More


Dynamical Mean-field Theories of Correlation and Disorder

E. Miranda and V. Dobrosavljević

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter provides a review of recently-developed Dynamical Mean-Field Theory (DMFT) approaches to the general problem of strongly correlated electronic systems with disorder. The chapter first ... More


Entropy: Aguide for the Perplexed

Roman Frigg and Charlotte Werndl

in Probabilities in Physics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199577439
eISBN:
9780191730603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577439.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains the most important notions of entropy and clarifies their interrelations. It furthermore explores what notions of probabilities are at work when entropy is defined in terms of ... More


Propagation of X-rays in highly deformed crystals

ANDRÉ AUTHIER

in Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528920
eISBN:
9780191713125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528920.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter concerns highly deformed crystals where the Eikonal approximation is no longer valid. An expression is given for the limit of validity of this approximation. Takagi's equations are ... More


Emotional Episodes as Dynamical Patterns

Giovanna Colombetti

in The Feeling Body: Affective Science Meets the Enactive Mind

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019958
eISBN:
9780262318419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019958.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter I draw on the conceptual tools of dynamical systems theory to conceptualize emotional episodes as self-organizing patterns of the entire organism. I first overview how dynamical ... More


Unimolecular reactions

Niels E. Henriksen and Flemming Y. Hansen

in Theories of Molecular Reaction Dynamics: The Microscopic Foundation of Chemical Kinetics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199203864
eISBN:
9780191708251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203864.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter considers unimolecular reactions; photo-induced reactions, i.e. true unimolecular reactions; and reactions initiated by collisional activation, i.e. apparent unimolecular reactions where ... More


On the concept of mechanism in development

Johannes Jaeger and James Sharpe

in Towards a Theory of Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199671427
eISBN:
9780191781117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671427.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Developmental Biology

Due to the finite number of dynamic behaviours that can be implemented by regulatory systems, it should be possible to enumerate and classify different developmental mechanisms that can achieve the ... More


Thermodynamic Modeling of Large-Scale Interconnected Systems

Wassim M. Haddad and Sergey G. Nersesov

in Stability and Control of Large-Scale Dynamical Systems: A Vector Dissipative Systems Approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153469
eISBN:
9781400842667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153469.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter describes the thermodynamic modeling of large-scale interconnected dynamical systems. Using compartmental dynamical system theory, it develops energy flow models possessing energy ... More


In the Realm of the Sensible

Dorothea Olkowski

in The Universal (In the Realm of the Sensible): Beyond Continental Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748625567
eISBN:
9780748652402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625567.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter is a final attempt to think about an epistemology and an aesthetics outside of the constraints of dynamical systems theory. It investigates the photographic image and what has been ... More


Order and Disorders in the Form of Thought: The Dynamics of Systematicity

Michael Silberstein

in The Architecture of Cognition: Rethinking Fodor and Pylyshyn's Systematicity Challenge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027236
eISBN:
9780262322461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027236.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychopathology might be one domain where we can get some empirical perch on the Systematicity debate. In patients with schizophrenia transformational systematicity and other types of systematicity ... More


X‐Rays as a Branch of Optics

André Authier

in Early Days of X-ray Crystallography

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199659845
eISBN:
9780191748219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659845.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter is devoted to optical properties of X-rays. In the first section the early measurements of optical properties of X-rays are discussed briefly (specular reflection, refraction, ... More


| 1798–9 | 1798–9 Doctoral Thesis on the Dynamical System

Dan C. Christensen

in Hans Christian Ørsted: Reading Nature's Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669264
eISBN:
9780191748745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669264.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Ch 8 is an analysis of Ørsted's doctoral thesis, which is a revised version (in Latin) of his review of Hauch's textbook. The ‘architecture’ of the thesis follows Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of ... More


Introduction

Dorothea Olkowski

in The Universal (In the Realm of the Sensible): Beyond Continental Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748625567
eISBN:
9780748652402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625567.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This introductory chapter explains the theme of this book, which is about universal philosophy. The book proposes a critique of the limits of the particular formalist, mathematical structure used by ... More


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