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Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Oliver Johns

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567264
eISBN:
9780191717987
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567264.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book provides an innovative and mathematically sound treatment of the foundations of analytical mechanics and the relation of classical mechanics to relativity and quantum theory. A ... More


The Monogamy Gap: Men, Love, and the Reality of Cheating

Eric Anderson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777921
eISBN:
9780199919062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777921.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

A resilient cultural myth equates monogamy with a test of true love. Yet, despite this strongly-held cultural ideal, cheating is rampant. Whereas most books seek to cure men from their cheating ... More


Counter Currents

Eric Anderson

in The Monogamy Gap: Men, Love, and the Reality of Cheating

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777921
eISBN:
9780199919062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777921.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter offers a summary of the previous sixteen chapters. It also indicates the need for cultural recognition of varying relationship models without a presumption of the superiority or morality ... More


Constraints on Social Networks

Sam G. B. Roberts

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

In both modern humans and non-human primates, time and cognitive constraints place an upper bound on the number of social relationships an individual can maintain at a given level of intensity. ... More


Cliques, Coalitions, Comrades and Colleagues: Sources of Cohesion in Groups

Holly Arrow

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Cohesion may be based primarily on interpersonal ties or rely instead on the connection between member and group, while groups may cohere temporarily based on the immediate alignment of interests ... More


Scattering by a Buried Object

Peter Monk

in Finite Element Methods for Maxwell's Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508885
eISBN:
9780191708633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508885.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter presents a model problem for scattering by a buried object. The ground is modeled by a two-layered medium (the air and the earth) with a planar interface. For the two-layered medium, it ... More


ALTERNATIVES TO THE PROPERTY THEORY

Neil Feit

in Belief about the Self: A Defense of the Property Theory of Content

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195341362
eISBN:
9780199866922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341362.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the main alternatives to the property theory of content. The first section discusses the triadic view of belief. On this view, to believe something is to stand in a triadic ... More


Behavior Between People: Emphasizing the “Act” in Interaction

Christopher R. Agnew and Janice R. Kelly

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Behaviors involving others, whether in their initiation, their enactment, or their consequences, are of particular interest to social psychologists. Not surprisingly, behaviors featuring the ... More


Grounding Social Psychology in Behavior in Daily Life: The Case of Conflict and Distress in Couples

Niall Bolger, Gertraud Stadler, Christine Paprocki, and Anita DeLongis

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

In this chapter, the authors challenge the field to overcome its focus on internal states and behavioral precursors as a substitute for behavior, and offer instead a method for studying behavior in ... More


The Evolution of Social Pacts: Trajectories and Mechanisms of Institutionalization

Jelle Visser and Martin Rhodes

in Social Pacts in Europe: Emergence, Evolution, and Institutionalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199590742
eISBN:
9780191728891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590742.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Economy

Chapter 4 presents the second part of the book’s analytical framework and shifts the focus to the institutionalization of social pacts. The chapter begins by using quantitative evidence to analyse ... More


Ego- and Personal-Network Effects

Thomas W. Valente

in Social Networks and Health: Models, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195301014
eISBN:
9780199777051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301014.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter shows how researchers can collect network data from randomly drawn samples. The data only represent the respondent personal network, usually from the respondent's perspective. The ... More


Spousal Support and Dyadic Coping in Times of Stress

Anita DeLongis, Susan Holtzman, Eli Puterman, and Mark Lam

in Support Processes in Intimate Relationships

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195380170
eISBN:
9780199864355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380170.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter reviews research on the effects of partner support on coping with stress. The authors argue that support from the spouse plays a key role in both promoting adaptive coping and ... More


Why do Children with Autism have a Joint Attention Impairmen t?

Sue Leekam

in Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199245635
eISBN:
9780191715303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245635.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Clinicians describe joint attention difficulties such as a lack of gaze-following, pointing, and showing as the most significant problems that are seen in children with autism. What psychological ... More


Criteria of Rational Belief

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins by providing the problem of the detachment conditions for dyadic judgements of probability. The study of criteria for rational belief is very largely the study of the detachment ... More


Why is connection with others so critical? The formation of dyadic states of consciousness and the expansion of individuals' states of consciousness: coherence governed selection and the co-creation of meaning out of messy meaning making

Edward Tronick

in Emotional Development:: Recent Research Advances

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528845
eISBN:
9780191689567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528845.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter introduces a new model of infant-mother interaction — the ‘Dyadic States of Consciousness’ (DSC). In an infant-mother interaction, each individual communicates their affective evaluation ... More


Strangers in a Strange Lab

William Ickes

in Strangers in a Strange Lab: How Personality Shapes Our Initial Encounters with Others

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195372953
eISBN:
9780199893317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372953.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes the method that the author and his colleagues developed to study the influence of personality characteristics on people's naturally occurring social interactions. This method, ... More


Linear Operators and Dyadics

Oliver Johns

in Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567264
eISBN:
9780191717987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567264.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Linear vector functions of vectors, and the related dyadic notation, are important in the study of rigid body motion and the covariant formulations of relativistic mechanics. These functions have a ... More


Fourvectors and Operators

Oliver Johns

in Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567264
eISBN:
9780191717987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567264.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter develops techniques that allow relativistically covariant calculations to be done in an elegant manner and introduces what are known as fourvectors. Fourvectors are analogous to the ... More


Overview of the Research

Eric Anderson

in The Monogamy Gap: Men, Love, and the Reality of Cheating

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777921
eISBN:
9780199919062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777921.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The purpose of this chapter is to explain how the author came to critically examine the pervasive, hegemonic understandings of sexual relationships that condemn cheating while holding monogamy as a ... More


Developing a Critique of Monogamy

Eric Anderson

in The Monogamy Gap: Men, Love, and the Reality of Cheating

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777921
eISBN:
9780199919062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777921.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The premise of this chapter is that much of men’s cheating is rational. Cheating emerges as a rational response to the irrational social expectations of monogamy. In order to theoretically explain ... More


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