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Harming, not Aiding, and Positive Rights

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers what would follow if the General Equivalence Thesis (GE) of the moral equivalence of harming and not aiding (in cases in which less than life is at stake) were true. The possible existence ... More


From universal love to human rights?

Richard Sorabji

in Gandhi and the Stoics: Modern Experiments on Ancient Values

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644339
eISBN:
9780191745812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644339.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Stoics moved from the naturalness of love for all to the novel and important conclusion that justice was owed to all. Gandhi connected universal love instead with non-violence. Neither Gandhi nor ... More


Correlativity

Ernest J. Weinrib

in The Idea of Private Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665815
eISBN:
9780191748622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665815.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Law of Obligations

In Aristotle's presentation of corrective justice, the correlativity of gain and loss is the organizing feature of liability. This chapter deals with what this correlativity means and how these gains ... More


Incorporation by Law 1

Joseph Raz

in Between Authority and Interpretation: On the Theory of Law and Practical Reason

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562688
eISBN:
9780191705342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562688.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter addresses the question of how the law can be incorporated within morality and how the existence of the law can impinge on our moral rights and duties — a question (or questions) which is ... More


Talking Politics: Bhikhu Parekh in Conversation with Ramin Jahanbegloo

Ramin Jahanbegloo and Bhikhu Parekh

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071549
eISBN:
9780199081349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071549.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

One of the most distinguished political philosophers of our time, British-Indian academic and peer Lord Bhikhu Parekh’s work continues to deeply influence our understanding of identity, politics, and ... More


Authoritative Input: Dyadic Duties and Rights

Henry Richardson

in Articulating the Moral Community: Toward a Constructive Ethical Pragmatism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190247744
eISBN:
9780190247768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190247744.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter shows that the input stage of the moral community’s exercise of its moral authority arises from the delimited moral power of duty-holders (alone or in concert with the correlative ... More


Normative arguments for and against compulsory voting

Sarah Birch

in Full Participation: A Comparative Study of Compulsory Voting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077623
eISBN:
9781781701874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077623.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter outlines and assesses the principal normative arguments that have been made for and against compulsory electoral participation. These claims fall into three principal categories: ... More


Setting and Pursuing Ends: Internal and External Freedom

Paul Guyer

in The Virtues of Freedom: Selected Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198755647
eISBN:
9780191831829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755647.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that all of the categories of duty that Kant recognizes can be interpreted as duties to treat humanity as an end and never merely as a means if humanity is equated with the ... More


Freedom, Ends, and Duties in Vigilantius

Paul Guyer

in The Virtues of Freedom: Selected Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198755647
eISBN:
9780191831829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755647.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter further examines the derivation of all classes of duty from the duty to preserve and expand freedom of choice whether in oneself and others, making detailed use of Kant’s 1793–4 lectures ... More


The Idea of the Moral Community

Henry Richardson

in Articulating the Moral Community: Toward a Constructive Ethical Pragmatism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190247744
eISBN:
9780190247768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190247744.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter explicates the idea of the moral community as the open-ended set of all individuals who can wrong or be wronged by another. Examining these ideas of wronging someone or being wronged by ... More


Gewirth: community, rights, values

Lynn Dobson

in Supranational Citizenship

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780719069529
eISBN:
9781781702154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069529.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter provides an analytical discussion of some major themes in Gewirth's Community of Rights and Self-Fulfillment. The focus of the chapter is on how rights- and duty-bearing agents interact ... More


The Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States (1975)

C. H. Alexandrowicz

in The Law of Nations in Global History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198766070
eISBN:
9780191820649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766070.003.0030
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter focuses on the Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States adopted by the UN General Assembly on 12 December 1974. The Charter consists of a preamble and four chapters, the most ... More


Conclusion

Henry Richardson

in Articulating the Moral Community: Toward a Constructive Ethical Pragmatism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190247744
eISBN:
9780190247768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190247744.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This concluding chapter restates the book’s central arguments in a simple, linear order, highlighting its conclusions about the nature of the moral community, the proper analysis of dyadic rights and ... More


The Entrepreneurial Ideas of Booker T. Washington

Michael B. Boston

in The Business Strategy of Booker T. Washington: Its Development and Implementation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034737
eISBN:
9780813038193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034737.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter aims to explain the core aspect of Washington's leadership strategy—his entrepreneurial philosophy. He had developed his strategy by 1891 and he emphasized duties rather than rights. The ... More


Corrective Justice

Ernest J. Weinrib

in The Idea of Private Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665815
eISBN:
9780191748622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665815.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Law of Obligations

Aristotle's account of corrective justice describes the form of the private law relationship. Corrective justice treats the wrong, and the transfer of resources that undoes it, as a single nexus of ... More


The Return of Descartes's Malicious Demon: An Outline of a Philosophy of Precaution

François Ewald and Stephen Utz

in Embracing Risk: The Changing Culture of Insurance and Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226035185
eISBN:
9780226035178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226035178.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

The new paradigm of security calls forth a new economy of rights and duties. While the language of risk, against a background of scientific expertise, used to be sufficient to describe all types of ... More


Pax Gandhiana: The Political Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi

Anthony J. Parel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190491451
eISBN:
9780190491475
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190491451.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Gandhi’s political philosophy concerns the peaceful political order—Pax Gandhiana. Its main contention is that peace cannot be achieved by politics alone. Peace requires the confluence of the four ... More


Choosing Battles in the Cold War

Jocelyn Olcott

in International Women's Year: The Greatest Consciousness-Raising Event in History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780195327687
eISBN:
9780199344833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195327687.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses how two camps emerged among NGO leaders planning IWY activities. A small group of New York–based women focused its efforts on political equality and educational and economic ... More


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