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 The Measurement of Ranks

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Ranks are cardinal degrees of belief (that also represent belief). This calls for a theory of measurement of those numerical ranks. The chapter provides no less than three different methods of ... More


Theme: Bayesian Philosophy of Science

Jan Sprenger and Stephan Hartmann

in Bayesian Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780199672110
eISBN:
9780191881671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199672110.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter sets the stage for what follows, introducing the reader to the philosophical principles and the mathematical formalism behind Bayesian inference and its scientific applications. We ... More


Probabilism, Assertion, and Higher-Order Vagueness

Andrew Bacon

in Vagueness and Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198712060
eISBN:
9780191780264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712060.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Hartry Field has recently suggested that a non-standard probability calculus better represents our beliefs about vague matters. His theory has two notable features: (i) that your attitude to P when ... More


Why Does Rationality Matter?

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Value of Rationality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198802693
eISBN:
9780191841972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802693.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Internalism implies that rationality requires nothing more than what in the broadest sense counts as ‘coherence’. The earlier chapters of this book argue that rationality is in a strong sense ... More


Justification

Jon Williamson

in Lectures on Inductive Logic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199666478
eISBN:
9780191749292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 9 presents a formal justification of the objective Bayesian approach. The norms of objective Bayesianism are justified on the grounds that they must hold if one is to avoid certain avoidable ... More


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