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Non Legato

Heinrich Schenker

in The Art of Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195151510
eISBN:
9780199871582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151510.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter describes non legato as an articulation whereby each note receives its own pressure and whose sound duration is strictly defined. The physical means of attaining this are described as in ... More


Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Rein Taagepera

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

For a given electoral system, what average number and size distribution of parties can we expect? This book makes specific predictions that agree with world averages. The basic factors are assembly ... More


The Mean Duration of Cabinets

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Again the quantity to watch is the ‘seat product’. The inverse square law of cabinet durations says that the mean cabinet duration in a country is approximately forty-two years divided by the square ... More


How Electoral Systems Matter

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

An electoral system helps determine the number and size distribution of parties in a country, as well as cabinet duration. Electoral systems are expressed in electoral laws. Their impact depends on ... More


The Duvergerian Agenda

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Starting with the characteristics of the electoral systems, the ‘Duvergerian agenda’ aims at predicting the average seat and vote share distributions of parties, the effective number of parties, and ... More


Econometric Methods for Labour Economics

Stephen Bazen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199576791
eISBN:
9780191731136
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576791.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book provides a presentation of the standard statistical techniques used by labour economists. It emphasizes both the input and the output of empirical analysis and covers five major topics ... More


 Copyright's Ungainly Expansion

Neil Weinstock Netanel

in Copyright's Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195137620
eISBN:
9780199871629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137620.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The federal copyright that the Framers envisioned and enacted was a narrow, short‐term right in printed matter. Current copyright holders enjoy a capacious bundle of rights in many more uses of many ... More


Modelling Space and Time: The Event History Approach

Nathaniel Beck

in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Extending the regression model to analyse duration data, which vary over time and are ’right‐censored’, using the example of government durations. Explanations cover the exponential model and its ... More


Example of Interlocking Models: Party Sizes and Cabinet Duration

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Interlocking networks of equations, based on logical models, are possible in social sciences. Partial evidence is offered by a sequence of models that ties mean duration of governmental cabinets ... More


Beyond Constraint‐Based Models: Communication Channels and Growth Rates

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The number of communication channels may well turn out to be a major building block in constructing quantitatively predictive logical models in social sciences. This number does determine ... More


All Indices Are Not Created Equal

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Models are tested with data, but also data are tested by agreement with conceptual models. When competing indices exist to measure the same phenomena, one should use the ones that agree with ... More


Government Termination: Causes and Effects

Ian Budge and Hans Keman

in Parties and Democracy: Coalition Formation and Government Functioning in Twenty States

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279259
eISBN:
9780191598883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279256.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The main finding is that the absence of policy agreement among parties in a government produces premature and involuntary dissolution. This offers further support to the general policy‐based approach ... More


The Council Meets

Sydney D. Bailey and Sam Daws

in The Procedure of the UN Security Council

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280736
eISBN:
9780191598746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280734.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Provides an account of the different types of meetings and consultations that take place at the UN Security Council, and gives details of their characteristics. Interpretation and translation, ... More


Reproduction by the Chaste: Parthenogenesis

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Virgins can indeed give birth, and not only in Greek mythology. In biology, the word partheno appended by genesis (meaning origin) describes the clonal process by which a female procreates without ... More


Embryology in Babylonia and the Bible

Marten Stol

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

This essay is a historical and philological investigation of reproduction as it was understood in ancient Near East societies. It explores the differences in embryology as conceived by various ... More


Patent Design

Dominique Guellec

in The Economics of the European Patent System: IP Policy for Innovation and Competition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216987
eISBN:
9780191711831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216987.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

‘Patent design’ is the discipline which studies the substantive features of the patent system (subject matter, inventive step, scope, duration) from the point of view of their economic effects. From ... More


Patenting Procedures and Filing Strategies at the EPO

Niels Stevnsborg and Bruno van Pottelsberghe

in The Economics of the European Patent System: IP Policy for Innovation and Competition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216987
eISBN:
9780191711831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216987.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes the various routes that can be chosen to obtain patent protection in some or all of the European countries. The EPO offers a centralized granting process, which includes ... More


The Metaphysics of Change III: Time

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Time is a topic that many philosophers have found enigmatic. This chapter suggests resolutions to some of the enigmas, specifically time's flow, its direction, and its duration. One key is shown to ... More


The Speech Technology Perspective

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter describes a variety of current synthesis systems, including formant and concatenative systems, and the problems associated with unit selection. The success of these systems is discussed ... More


End-effector Constraints

Lynette A. Jones and Susan J. Lederman

in Human Hand Function

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173154
eISBN:
9780199786749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173154.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The manner in which the hand makes contact with the environment constrains or enhances the type of information that can be manually extracted and the actions that can be performed. This chapter ... More


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