Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 84 items

  • Keywords: dual processing x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Todd Tremlin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book provides an introduction to the cognitive science of religion, a new discipline of study that explains the origins and persistence of religious ideas and behavior on the basis of evolved ... More


On the Cognitive Bases of Knowledge Ascriptions

Mikkel Gerken

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter develops an epistemic focal bias account of certain patterns of judgments about knowledge ascriptions by integrating it with a general dual process framework of human cognition. According ... More


Theoretical Explanations of False Memory

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines theoretical principles of false memory. It considers three early explanations of false memory: constructivism, a more detailed version of constructivism that is known as schema ... More


Ontogeny, Autism, Empathy, and Evolution

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A wide variety of well-studied phenomena associated with mindreading are surveyed to probe the consistency of what is known about them with our version of simulation theory. These phenomena include ... More


Cognition and Religious Systems

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Religious people and their religions are not always harmonized. Scholars have long noted two faces of religious practice, one corresponding to an “official” set of beliefs and ... More


Multi‐Process Theories

Edouard Machery

in Doing without Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter investigates the contours of those theories that assume that a single cognitive competence, for instance, inductive reasoning, is underwritten by several cognitive processes (a branch of ... More


A Dual Process Motivational Model of Ideological Attitudes and System Justification

John Duckitt and Chris G. Sibley

in Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.003.012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews recent theory and research on the dual-process cognitive-motivational model of ideology and prejudice. Consistent with a dual-process model perspective, the chapter argues that ... More


Explaining Cultural and Sex Differences in Responses to Supportive Communication: A Dual-Process Approach

Brant R. Burleson and Lisa K. Hanasono

in Support Processes in Intimate Relationships

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195380170
eISBN:
9780199864355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380170.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Men and women, as well as members of different cultural groups, respond somewhat differently to the social and emotional support they receive. In particular, women discriminate somewhat more finely ... More


The Automaticity Juggernaut—or, Are We Automatons After All?

John F Kihlstrom

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The distinction between automatic and controlled cognitive processes was imported into social psychology, and formed the basis for a new generation of “dual-process” theories of social cognition and ... More


The magical number two, plus or minus: Dual-process theory as a theory of cognitive kinds

Richard Samuels

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the question of whether there is some general, distinctive, and plausible dual-process thesis about cognition. It argues that there is such an account, called the type version ... More


Coping and Memory: Automatic and Controlled Processes in Adaptation to Stress

Bruce E. Compas, Laura K. Campbell, Kristen E. Robinson, and Erin M. Rodriguez

in Emotion in Memory and Development: Biological, Cognitive, and Social Considerations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326932
eISBN:
9780199870318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326932.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes a dual-process model of responses to stress as a framework for understanding stress, coping, and memory. The model includes both automatic and controlled responses to stress ... More


Remembering: Thoughts on Its Definition, Measurement, and Functional Nature

Andrew P. Yonelinas

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter offers a comprehensive overview of theoretical and methodological approaches grounded in dual-process models of memory. It begins by discussing how recollection has been defined and ... More


Dual-Process Theory and the Great Rationality Debate

Keith E. Stanovich

in Rationality and the Reflective Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341140
eISBN:
9780199894307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341140.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter begins with a discussion of Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science—the debate about how much irrationality to attribute to human cognition—detailing the contrasting positions of ... More


Multi‐system Moral Psychology

Fiery Cushman, Liane Young, and Joshua D. Greene

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues for a synthesis of two recent projects in moral psychology. One has proposed a division between “emotional” versus “cognitive” moral judgments, while another has proposed a ... More


Dual-process models: A social psychological perspective

Eliot R. Smith and Elizabeth C. Collins

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes a few influential social-psychological dual-process models and gives an in-depth review of the integrative models. It compares the general characteristics of dual-process ... More


On Reflection

Hilary Kornblith

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199563005
eISBN:
9780191745263
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563005.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers have frequently extolled the value of reflective self-examination, and a wide range of philosophers, who differ on many other things, have argued that reflection can help to solve a ... More


Cognitive and social cognitive development: Dual-process research and theory

Paul A. Klaczynski

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes some counterintuitive age trends, presents a developmental dual-process theory that affords a more parsimonious interpretation of these trends than offered by traditional ... More


On the Psychological Origins of Dualism: Dual-Process Cognition and the Explanatory Gap *

Brian Fiala, Adam Arico, and Shaun Nichols

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Consciousness often presents itself as a problem for materialists because, no matter which physical explanation we consider, there seems to remain something about conscious experience that hasn't ... More


Distinguishing Between Prediction and Influence: Multiple Processes Underlying Attitude-Behavior Consistency

Leandre R. Fabrigar, Duane T. Wegener, and Tara K. MacDonald

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The authors present a general framework for organizing the moderators of the attitude-behavior relationships suggested in the literature, focusing on several central distinctions. First, they ... More


Self-Regulation in Intergroup Relations: A Social Neuroscience Framework

David M. Amodio

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes a social neuroscience framework of the processes through which racial biases are activated and controlled. It begins by reviewing the prevalent dual-process model of prejudice ... More


View: