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A Dual Process Motivational Model of Ideological Attitudes and System Justification

John Duckitt and Chris G. Sibley

in Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.003.012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews recent theory and research on the dual-process cognitive-motivational model of ideology and prejudice. Consistent with a dual-process model perspective, the chapter argues that ... More


Cognition and Religious Systems

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Religious people and their religions are not always harmonized. Scholars have long noted two faces of religious practice, one corresponding to an “official” set of beliefs and ... More


Remembering: Thoughts on Its Definition, Measurement, and Functional Nature

Andrew P. Yonelinas

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter offers a comprehensive overview of theoretical and methodological approaches grounded in dual-process models of memory. It begins by discussing how recollection has been defined and ... More


On the Psychological Origins of Dualism: Dual-Process Cognition and the Explanatory Gap *

Brian Fiala, Adam Arico, and Shaun Nichols

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Consciousness often presents itself as a problem for materialists because, no matter which physical explanation we consider, there seems to remain something about conscious experience that hasn't ... More


Self-Regulation in Intergroup Relations: A Social Neuroscience Framework

David M. Amodio

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes a social neuroscience framework of the processes through which racial biases are activated and controlled. It begins by reviewing the prevalent dual-process model of prejudice ... More


Coping and Memory: Automatic and Controlled Processes in Adaptation to Stress

Bruce E. Compas, Laura K. Campbell, Kristen E. Robinson, and Erin M. Rodriguez

in Emotion in Memory and Development: Biological, Cognitive, and Social Considerations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326932
eISBN:
9780199870318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326932.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes a dual-process model of responses to stress as a framework for understanding stress, coping, and memory. The model includes both automatic and controlled responses to stress ... More


A Task-Focused Mind Is a Happy and Productive Mind: A Processing Perspective

Michael D. Robinson and Maya Tamir

in Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195373585
eISBN:
9780199893263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter seeks to make the point that positive psychological functioning can be viewed in terms of task-focused rather than self-focused processing. It makes a strong case for this idea and links ... More


Rationality, Intelligence, and the Functional Architecture of the Mind

Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, and Maggie E. Toplak

in The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034845
eISBN:
9780262336819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034845.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Because the operationalization of rational thinking comes from the heuristics and biases tradition, this chapter explicates the logic of heuristics and biases tasks in terms of contemporary theories ... More


Affect, Dual-Processing, Developmental Psychopathology, and Health Behaviors

Reinout W. Wiers, Kristen G. Anderson, Bram Van Bockstaele, Elske Salemink, and Bernhard Hommel

in Affective Determinants of Health Behavior

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190499037
eISBN:
9780190881375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190499037.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter discusses dual-process models of (health) behaviors, regarding both their recent criticisms and implications for health interventions. It agrees with critics that impulsive and ... More


Intuitive and Counterintuitive Morality

Guy Kahane

in Moral Psychology and Human Agency: Philosophical Essays on the Science of Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198717812
eISBN:
9780191787324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717812.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Recent work in the cognitive science of morality has been taken to show that moral judgment is largely based on immediate intuitions and emotions. However, according to Greene’s influential dual ... More


Moral Intuition and Moral Reasoning

Lisa Tessman

in Moral Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199396146
eISBN:
9780199396160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396146.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 2 uses a dual-process theory of moral judgment to explain empirically how conflicting moral judgments can create the experience of a dilemma, and how impossible moral requirements that are ... More


Systematicity and Architectural Pluralism

William Ramsey

in The Architecture of Cognition: Rethinking Fodor and Pylyshyn's Systematicity Challenge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027236
eISBN:
9780262322461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027236.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter, I argue that Fodor and Pylyshyn are justified in claiming that representational systematicity is an important aspect of cognitive activity, but they are wrong to suppose that a ... More


The Psychosocial Process Underlying Residential Care Placement Decisions

Leonor Bettencourt Rodrigues, Manuela Calheiros, and Cícero Pereira

in Decision-Making and Judgment in Child Welfare and Protection: Theory, Research, and Practice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190059538
eISBN:
9780190059569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190059538.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Ecological models on decision-making in child protection determine how many different factors influence that process, starting with case-specific characteristics, organizational factors, and external ... More


Cognitive Patterns and Work Processes in Cooking

Vanina Leschziner

in At the Chef's Table: Culinary Creativity in Elite Restaurants

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780804787970
eISBN:
9780804795494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787970.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter describes the cognitive and practical processes whereby chefs design dishes, from an initial idea until a dish goes on the menu. How chefs go about creating dishes is tightly associated ... More


“Dual-Process” Models of the Mind and the “Indentifiable Victim Effect”

Peter Railton

in Identified versus Statistical Lives: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190217471
eISBN:
9780190217488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217471.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Probabilities are pervasive in our lives, and thus our ability to learn and use probabilistic information effectively has a central place in humankind’s adaptive capacities. Curiously, research on ... More


Understanding Affective Liberalization

Jeremiah J. Garretson

in The Path to Gay Rights: How Activism and Coming Out Changed Public Opinion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781479822133
eISBN:
9781479824236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479822133.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter both summarizes the current social science theories behind attitude change on lesbian and gay issues and develops the theory of affective liberalization from new research findings in ... More


Constructive Sentimentalism: Legal and Political Implications

Jesse J. Prinz

in Passions and Emotions: NOMOS LIII

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814760147
eISBN:
9780814763490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814760147.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This introductory chapter identifies the relationship between emotions and moral judgment, reviewing in particular the case of sentimentalism. Throughout the many studies in moral neuroscience, one ... More


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