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The international dimensions of drug use

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows that significant progress has been made in developing the methodological tools needed to assess variations in incidence rates of drug use and prevalence trends over time. Topics ... More


Drug Policy and the Public Good

Thomas F. Babor, Jonathan P. Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David R. Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore S. Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Drug use represents a significant burden to public health, through disease, disability and social problems, and policy makers are becoming increasingly interested in how to develop evidence-based ... More


Cross-Cultural Research

Jorge Delva, Paula Allen-Meares, and Sandra L. Momper

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195382501
eISBN:
9780199777419
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382501.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The purpose of the book is to provide researchers with a framework to conduct research in a culturally sensitive manner with individuals, families, and communities in diverse cultural settings in the ... More


Harms associated with illicit drug use

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

For many policymakers, researchers, and ordinary citizens, drug use per se is less of a concern than the problems that accompany it: chronic health problems, infectious disease transmission, property ... More


Preventing illicit drug use by young people

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on strategies aimed at young people in school, family, and community settings. There has been an improvement in the evidence base over recent years and there is now convincing ... More


Supply control

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter is about supply control approaches to drug problems, a set of interventions targeting the production, distribution, and sale of illicit psychoactive substances. It begins by explaining ... More


The variety of national drug policies

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes some of the observed policy variation and its sources, so that readers can better understand their own country's choices and how they are framed. It begins by describing the ... More


Framing the issues

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a brief description of the focus of this book, namely the scientific evidence on the impact of policy responses to drug use. It then discusses why drug policy matters, the ... More


Matters of substance

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Psychoactive substances have assumed increasing public attention in most parts of the world, especially when they are defined broadly to include alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs, and certain types of ... More


Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drug Use among Gay and Bisexual Men

David G. Ostrow and Ron Stall

in Unequal Opportunity: Health Disparities Affecting Gay and Bisexual Men in the United States

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301533
eISBN:
9780199863815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301533.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter details the epidemiology of use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and recreational drug use among gay and bisexual men in the United States. The review highlights the history of use and ... More


From Street Research to Public Health Intervention: The Hartford Drug Monitoring Project

Merrill Singer, Greg Mirhej, Claudia Santelices, and Hassan Saleheen

in Anthropology and Public Health: Bridging Differences in Culture and Society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374643
eISBN:
9780199865390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374643.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reports on the purpose, methods, and findings of a CDC-funded project in Hartford, Connecticut, entitled the Community Responses to Risks of Emergent Drug Use Project. This project was ... More


Of Demography and Drugs:: Testing Two 1990s Theories of Crime Causation

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the two predominant theories of crime risk in the 1990s: the expansion of high-risk youth and the high rates of drug sales and use. These pessimistic indicators did not change ... More


Behavioral Theories of Choice: Understanding the Relationship Between Drug Use and Drug-Free Reinforcement

Christopher J. Correia

in Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195165319
eISBN:
9780199894055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

This chapter provides an overview of empirical research and clinical theory that attempts to explain the relationship between drug use, drug-related reinforcement, and drug-free reinforcement. It ... More


Stepping-Stones, Gateways, and the Prevention of Drug Problems

Mitch Earleywine

in Understanding Marijuana: A New Look at the Scientific Evidence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195138931
eISBN:
9780199893270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138931.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

Researchers, theorists, politicians, and parents have all expressed concern about marijuana's potential to lead to the use of drugs with worse negative consequences. Proponents of these ... More


The Recreational Use of Cannabis

Leslie L. Iversen

in The Science of Marijuana

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195328240
eISBN:
9780199864751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328240.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter discusses the recreational use of cannabis. Topics covered include prevalence, how cannabis is consumed and where it comes from, patterns of recreational use, the potency of illicit ... More


Conducting Longitudinal Studies

Jorge Delva, Paula Allen-Meares, and Sandra L. Momper

in Cross-Cultural Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195382501
eISBN:
9780199777419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382501.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

In this chapter we present two examples of longitudinal studies. Both studies utilize an etic–emic approach and both are underway in urban, cosmopolitan areas. In both studies the etic approach stems ... More


Strategies and interventions to reduce drug use and related harm: section overview

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the context of addiction science as an aid to policy formation and implementation. It also explains how the scientific evidence for policy options was reviewed and organized, ... More


Permit But Discourage

W.A. Bogart

in Permit But Discourage: Regulating Excessive Consumption

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195379877
eISBN:
9780199869060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379877.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter begins with an overview of consumption and its centrality in postindustrial nations, particularly the United States. It then turns to how excessive consumption is marketed to unwary ... More


Cannabis Use and Misuse

Mitch Earleywine

in Understanding Marijuana: A New Look at the Scientific Evidence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195138931
eISBN:
9780199893270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138931.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

This chapter describes the use and misuse of cannabis. Marijuana is the most commonly consumed illicit drug, with 200 to 300 million users worldwide. Approximately one-third of Americans have tried ... More


Subjective Effects of Methylphenidate

Ssott Kollins

in Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195165319
eISBN:
9780199894055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

Methylphenidate (MPH) is one of the most widely prescribed psychotropic agents in the United States, and its increased use over the past two decades has been a source of growing controversy among ... More


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