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Drugs: Is the War Winnable?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The federal government asserted a role in fighting narcotics abuse since the early 20th century, but it was not until the Richard Nixon administration starting in 1969 that a federal “war on drugs” ... More


Smarter Ways to Fight Crime

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

By 2001, the federal government was spending more than $5.3 billion each year to help states and cities combat crime, on top of the many billions allocated locally. In many instances, the money was ... More


Interventions and Control

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter considers a variety of tuberculosis control measures that can change the rates of transition between states of health. Without a better understanding of who is most at risk of infection ... More


From Punishment to Harm Reduction: Resecularization of Addiction in Contemporary Iran

Amir Arsalan Afkhami

in Contemporary Iran: Economy, Society, Politics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378481
eISBN:
9780199852345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378481.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter analyzes the issue of addiction. It argues that after the Revolution the treatment of substance abuse began to be seen by the government outside the previously held medical paradigm. In ... More


Populations and Social Diseases

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter draws together the epidemiological insights that come from population biology and considers the context in which tuberculosis remains a “social disease” in the early twenty-first ... More


Both Bad and Sick

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter traces the history of drug courts and discusses the sociology of knowledge literature. Drug courts, created partly in response to the overcrowding of jails and prisons resulting from ... More


Integrating Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders and HIV Services into Primary Care: Solutions for the 21st Century

N El-Bassel, P. L Marotta, L Gilbert, E Wu, S Springer, D Goddard-Eckrich, and T Hunt

in Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention: Optimizing Strategies for Reducing New Infections and Improving Care

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190675486
eISBN:
9780190675509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675486.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

The public health crisis of opiate use disorder (OUD) and HIV infection in the United States demands solutions incorporating structural-level factors to accessing and engaging in drug abuse treatment ... More


Formulary

Justin Amery and Sat Jassal

in Children's Palliative Care in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199567966
eISBN:
9780191730566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567966.003.0020
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter provides a formulary for children's palliative care (CPC) in Africa. It discusses notes on drug treatment in children; principles of effective morphine prescribing; equivalent dose of ... More


Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Rebecca Tiger

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The number of people incarcerated in the United States now exceeds 2.3 million, due in part to the increasing criminalization of drug use: over 25 percent of people incarcerated in jails and prisons ... More


Anaesthesia and perioperative pain management

Karen H. Simpson and Dudley J. Bush

in Surgical Palliative Care

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198510000
eISBN:
9780191730184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510000.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses anaesthesia, which is a highly invasive medical intervention, and perioperative pain management. The first half of the chapter is dedicated to a thorough discussion on ... More


Alternatives: ATI in New York City

Alexandra Bell and Leche

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0084
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

In this chapter, the author narrates her encounter with a former prisoner named Leche, who at the time of writing is enrolled in an Alternative to Incarceration program. On her last bid in prison, ... More


Alternative Medicine

David Ellis

in Death and the Author: How D. H. Lawrence Died, and Was Remembered

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199546657
eISBN:
9780191701443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546657.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter explores alternative medicine treatment. When there is no effective and simple drug treatment for a disease, assuming drug treatment can ever be simple, and when the surgical options are ... More


Simple comparative experiments: comparing drug treatments for chronic asthmatics

Peter J. Diggle and Amanda G. Chetwynd

in Statistics and Scientific Method: An Introduction for Students and Researchers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199543182
eISBN:
9780191774867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543182.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

This chapter describes a clinical trial to be used to compare two anti-congestant drugs, Formoterol and Salbutamol. It considers the ways in which the trial might have been designed (parallel group ... More


The End of Social Work: Implementing Neoliberal Paternalism (With Basha Silverman)

Sanford F. Schram

in The Return of Ordinary Capitalism: Neoliberalism, Precarity, Occupy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190253011
eISBN:
9780190253042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190253011.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Economy

This chapter highlights the reach of neoliberalism in remaking the welfare state. Welfare-to-work and drug treatment programs are contrasted to highlight how profoundly different forms of social ... More


Drug Policy and the Public Good

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, María Elena Medina-Mora, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198818014
eISBN:
9780191859410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198818014.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Drug Policy and the Public Good presents the accumulated scientific knowledge of direct relevance to the development of drug policy on local, national, and international levels. The book explores ... More


Respiratory disease

Charles Shee

in Palliative Care for Non-cancer Patients

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192629609
eISBN:
9780191730054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629609.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter is concerned predominantly with the respiratory and non-respiratory complications of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It reviews the effectiveness of interventions such as ... More


Future directions

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

Tinnitus research is making tremendous progress in both the understanding of mechanisms and in developing tinnitus management. Yet, we still do not know why only 2/3rd of people with hearing loss ... More


Hyperventilation and disproportionate breathlessness

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0020
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the pathology and management of hyperventilation and disproportionate breathlessness. It explains that these conditions are complex states and that patients with these ... More


Pain, headache, and depression: a discussion

Richard C. Peatfield

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

While structural causes of head, face, and dental pain must always be considered, the vast majority of patients seeking medical advice with such pains (and, indeed, with back pain too) have no ... More


Differential abnormalities in signal transduction in migraine and cluster headache

J. de Belleroche

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Over the past few years a biochemical approach has been used to study the pathogenesis of migraine by looking at transduction mechanisms which would be common to many agents that are putative trigger ... More


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