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Introduction

James Tharin Bradford

in Poppies, Politics, and Power: Afghanistan and the Global History of Drugs and Diplomacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501738333
eISBN:
9781501738340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501738333.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter introduces the core arguments and narrative of the book, and how drugs produced in Afghanistan were initially embraced by a series of Afghan rulers, legally or not, as a vehicle to grow ... More


The Social Organization of Entrepreneurial Traffickers

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the rise of entrepreneurial traffickers (both upper-and lower-level) in the Chinese drug market. First, it examines the relationship between organized crime groups and drug ... More


East Meets West: Hippies, Hash, and the Globalization of the Afghan Drug Trade

James Tharin Bradford

in Poppies, Politics, and Power: Afghanistan and the Global History of Drugs and Diplomacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501738333
eISBN:
9781501738340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501738333.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the role of western tourists and hippies in globalizing Afghanistan’s illicit drug trade. Throughout the 1960s, thousands of westerners flocked to Afghanistan to buy and consume ... More


Poppies, Politics, and Power: Afghanistan and the Global History of Drugs and Diplomacy

James Tharin Bradford

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501738333
eISBN:
9781501738340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501738333.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book explores the history of the Afghan drug trade during the 20th century, detailing how, and why, Afghan rulers struggled to balance the benefits of the Afghan drug trade, both legal and ... More


Wholesale Heroin Trafficking

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the characteristics of the wholesale heroin market by examining some of the major drug trafficking cases between Burma and China since the mid-1980s. It takes an in-depth look ... More


The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Ko-lin Chin and Sheldon X. Zhang

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In a country long associated with the trade in opiates, the Chinese government has for decades applied extreme measures to curtail the spread of illicit drugs, only to find that the problem has ... More


The Drug Market in Burma

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the history, development, and patterns of drug production and trafficking in Burma and its border. First, it briefly discusses some of the major political and economic ... More


The Retail Heroin Market in China

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the social organization of street-level heroin distribution in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province. The focus is on Kunming not only because it is the heroin capital of ... More


Women in the Heroin Trade

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines women’s participation in drug trafficking and street drug dealings in Yunnan, China, to understand how women have played a role in gaining and maintaining market positions in ... More


Final Comments

Patricia Londoño-Vega

in Religion, Society, and Culture in Colombia: Medellín and Antioquia, 1850-1930

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199249534
eISBN:
9780191719318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249534.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter begins by discussing that in the recent past, numerous associations bind Antioquian people together across class, promoted either by individual initiative, by the Church, or by the ... More


Hustle and Heart, on and off Court

ALLEN JONES and Mark Naison

in The Rat That Got Away: A Bronx Memoir

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823231027
eISBN:
9780823240821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823231027.003.0014
Subject:
History, Social History

Allen Jones began his last year at Clark Junior High in an optimistic mood. He was in the band and orchestra, he tried out and made the school basketball team in the beginning of his ninth-grade ... More


Low-Level Heroin Trafficking: Ants-Moving-House

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter focuses on low-level drug traffickers. Using a survey of 578 convicted drug traffickers inside a Chinese prison and in-depth interviews with a small number of drug inmates, it examines ... More


Combating Drug Trafficking

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses how authorities in China are combating the drug trade. It focuses on measures adopted by the Chinese authorities, especially community mobilization, harsh punishment, and the ... More


Interlinkages between Security and Development

Gurudas Das

in Security and Development in India's Northeast

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079781
eISBN:
9780199081738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079781.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter analyses the two-way linkages between insurgency and economic development. The various channels through which one influences the other have been examined. It is observed that ... More


The Chinese Connection

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter opens with a description of the Golden Triangle, one of the world’s major opium-cultivation and heroin-producing areas, covering a 150,000-square-mile, mountainous area located where the ... More


Epilogue

James Tharin Bradford

in Poppies, Politics, and Power: Afghanistan and the Global History of Drugs and Diplomacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501738333
eISBN:
9781501738340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501738333.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter details the connections between the contemporary drug trade and the historical antecedents analyzed in the previous chapters. It discusses how opium became an essential component of the ... More


States of Violence: State-Crime Relations in Mexico

Mónica Serrano (ed.)

in Violence, Coercion, and State-Making in Twentieth-Century Mexico: The Other Half of the Centaur

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804781589
eISBN:
9780804784474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804781589.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

For many years, Mexico has had to deal with an illicit drug economy and the extreme violence associated with it. The biggest changes in the country's drug trade occurred in the early 1980s, when ... More


The Same Money?: Locating the Entrepreneurial Habitus

Dick Hobbs

in Lush Life: Constructing Organized Crime in the UK

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199668281
eISBN:
9780191760563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668281.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses how changes in the global drug market have eroded the links between traditional criminal territories and the cultures they spawned. Women exemplify these changes to criminal ... More


Drug Operations by Resident Japanese in Tianjin

Motohiro Kobayashi and Bob Tadashi Wakabayashi

in Opium Regimes: China, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520220096
eISBN:
9780520924499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220096.003.0033
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the activities of outsiders, Japanese and Koreans, who plied the drug trade later in the nineteenth century in the port city of Tianjin. It explains that the profitability of ... More


They Can Kill Me, but They Can’t Eat Me: The Drug War

Malinda Maynor Lowery

in The Lumbee Indians: An American Struggle

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469646374
eISBN:
9781469646398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646374.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the 1980s, some Indians in Robeson County began to fill the economic gap by participating in the black-market economy with illegal drugs. Death and injustice followed: Indians were arrested for ... More


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