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Strains and Drug Resistance

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the geographical distribution of resistant forms of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and their time trends. Apart from drug resistance, there are plenty of other main questions about ... More


Neoliberal Infections and the Politics of Health: Resurgent Tuberculosis Epidemics in New York City and Lima, Peru

Sandy Smith-Nonini

in Anthropology and Public Health: Bridging Differences in Culture and Society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374643
eISBN:
9780199865390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374643.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter is based on a comparative study of two epidemics of resurgent tuberculosis (TB)—in New York City and Lima, Peru. The study was carried out through a series of open-ended, in-depth ... More


Country review: Germany

Eva Wolf and Hans Jaeger

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the epidemiology of HIV in Germany. It then discusses subtypes and prevalence of drug resistance in Germany, treatment strategies, effects of HAART, and ... More


The Lost Promise of Antibiotics

Christian W. McMillen

in Discovering Tuberculosis: A Global History, 1900 to the Present

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300190298
eISBN:
9780300213485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300190298.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Despite developing a cheap and effective antibiotic regimen in trials, getting them to work in the real world proved tough. For a host of reasons, such as inadequate drug supplies, the confounding ... More


Drug Resistance

Iruka N. Okeke

in Divining without Seeds: The Case for Strengthening Laboratory Medicine in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449413
eISBN:
9780801460906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449413.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on drug resistance, the long-term and deleterious consequence of overusing antimalarial and antibacterial medicines. Drug-resistant malaria is representative of a fundamental ... More


Country review: United States of America

Renslow Sherer

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers selected aspects of the first decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the United States. It begins with a review of the epidemiology and the scientific ... More


Curing TB: Antibiotics, Drug Resistance, and Compliance in Kenya

Christian W. McMillen

in Discovering Tuberculosis: A Global History, 1900 to the Present

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300190298
eISBN:
9780300213485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300190298.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

After antibiotics for TB were discovered and found to be effective in the late 1940s and early 1950s they were quickly introduced into the developing world. Kenya was one of the first places where ... More


Does Social Exploitation within Pathogen Populations Pose an Opportunity for Novel Therapeutic Approaches?

Sam P. Brown

in Investors and Exploiters in Ecology and Economics: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036122
eISBN:
9780262339803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036122.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Bacterial virulence (damage to host) is often cooperative, with individual cells paying costs to promote collective exploitation. This chapter reviews how cooperative virulence traits offer novel ... More


Chemoprophylactics

Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga

in The Mobile Workshop: The Tsetse Fly and African Knowledge Production

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262535021
eISBN:
9780262345859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262535021.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chemoprophylaxis refers to the administration of medication to prevent disease or infection. This chapter first gives a historical overview of chemoprophylaxis in Southern Rhodesia, then turns to the ... More


Three Definitions

Arthur Lupia

in Uninformed Why People Seem to Know So Little about Politics and What We Can Do about It

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190263720
eISBN:
9780197559598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190263720.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter defines three terms: information, knowledge, competence, and their relationships to one another. Here is a list of the chapter’s main lessons: . . . Information, knowledge, and ... More


Ghastly Kitchens—the Borgia Tradition

Anne Hardy

in Salmonella Infections, Networks of Knowledge, and Public Health in Britain, 1880-1975

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198704973
eISBN:
9780191774058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704973.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the later 1970s, the microbiological landscape of food infections began to change, with Salmonella being displaced by Campylobacter as the principal causal organism. This chapter explores the ... More


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