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Drug Policy and the Public Good

Thomas F. Babor, Jonathan P. Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David R. Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore S. Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Drug use represents a significant burden to public health, through disease, disability and social problems, and policy makers are becoming increasingly interested in how to develop evidence-based ... More


The variety of national drug policies

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes some of the observed policy variation and its sources, so that readers can better understand their own country's choices and how they are framed. It begins by describing the ... More


Framing the issues

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a brief description of the focus of this book, namely the scientific evidence on the impact of policy responses to drug use. It then discusses why drug policy matters, the ... More


Summary and conclusions

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

At the beginning of this book it was asserted that drug policy can be improved by greater attention to scientific evidence, and thereby can better serve the public good. To justify that claim, the ... More


Synthesis of Findings and Lessons for Policy Making

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the possibility of reducing opiate and heroin production. The result reveals that drug control policy, especially governments' enforcement of ... More


The Carter Administration: The End of Accommodation

David F. Musto and Pamela Korsmeyer

in The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090369
eISBN:
9780300137842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090369.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter looks at the Carter administration, which is noted to have ended with an irresolute drug policy. Jimmy Carter is shown to have had an open mind about marijuana; this soon changed as the ... More


Supply control

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter is about supply control approaches to drug problems, a set of interventions targeting the production, distribution, and sale of illicit psychoactive substances. It begins by explaining ... More


Drug policy and control at the international level

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the global expansion of psychoactive substance use. It then discusses current international drug control treaties, the implementation of the treaties, the ... More


Strategies and interventions to reduce drug use and related harm: section overview

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the context of addiction science as an aid to policy formation and implementation. It also explains how the scientific evidence for policy options was reviewed and organized, ... More


The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981

David F. Musto and Pamela Korsmeyer

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090369
eISBN:
9780300137842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090369.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Between 1960 and 1980 various administrations attempted to deal with a rising tide of illicit drug use that was unprecedented in U.S. history. This book provides a close look at the politics and ... More


Health and social services for drug users: systems issues

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Drug users receive help from a variety of health and social services that have been specifically developed for them and that are reviewed in Chapter 9. This chapter moves up one level of analysis to ... More


Prescription regimes and other measures to control misuse of psychopharmaceuticals

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines how well prescription regimes perform their role of allowing psychoactive substances to be consumed for approved, i.e., medical, purposes, while preventing their use for ... More


Preventing illicit drug use by young people

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on strategies aimed at young people in school, family, and community settings. There has been an improvement in the evidence base over recent years and there is now convincing ... More


Criminalization and decriminalization of drug use or possession

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews policies designed to deter drug use, through criminal sanctions on the possession and use of psychoactive substances. It shows that enforcement can reduce demand via deterrence, ... More


Health and social services for drug users

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes services designed to change the behaviour of drug users, with the aim of benefiting them and those people around them. The goals of such services are diverse, and may include ... More


Legalising drugs: Debates and dilemmas

Philip Bean

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423757
eISBN:
9781447302698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423757.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Government policy has steadfastly been against drug legalisation, but increasingly critics have argued that this is unsustainable. This book is a timely examination of the issues this raises. ... More


Developing tools for exploring ‘evidence’ in politicised policy areas

Mark Monaghan

in Evidence versus politics: Exploiting research in UK drug policy making?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847426970
eISBN:
9781447302247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426970.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter turns to how the evidence and policy relationship in politicised areas can be explained. It considers some theoretical and methodological tools that can be used to explore the nature of ... More


Competition, conflict and controversy in the making of UK drug classification policy

Mark Monaghan

in Evidence versus politics: Exploiting research in UK drug policy making?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847426970
eISBN:
9781447302247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426970.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter provides background information to the case study through which the complex nature of evidence utilisation is explored. It charts the origins and the impact of the implementation of the ... More


Rethinking America’s Illegal Drug Policy

John J. Donohue III, Benjamin Ewing, and David Peloquin

in Controlling Crime: Strategies and Tradeoffs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226115122
eISBN:
9780226115139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226115139.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter begins with an overview of America's illegal drug problem, sketching consumption patterns, current policy, and the social costs of illegal drugs under America's basic regime of ... More


The Second Nixon Administration: Drug Abuse Control

David F. Musto and Pamela Korsmeyer

in The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090369
eISBN:
9780300137842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090369.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter rounds up the discussion of Richard M. Nixon's role in illicit drug use in the United States. It can be noted that Nixon was re-elected partly due to his administration's approach to law ... More


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