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Illegal markets: the economics of drug distribution and social harm

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes what is known about drug markets, and the nature and extent of harms that arise from them. It begins with a brief theoretical discussion about the structure, prices, ... More


Supply control

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter is about supply control approaches to drug problems, a set of interventions targeting the production, distribution, and sale of illicit psychoactive substances. It begins by explaining ... More


The legal market: prescription and diversion of psychopharmaceuticals

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 5 described what is known about the structure, prices, and products of illegal drug markets, and the nature and extent of harms that arise from them. This chapter describes another drug ... More


From Conception to Commercial Success

Cynthia M. Ho

in Access to Medicine in the Global Economy: International Agreements on Patents and Related Rights

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195390124
eISBN:
9780199894536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390124.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter provides an overview of how drugs are brought to market, focusing on themes important for understanding subsequent chapters. It explains how patented versus generic drugs are made, ... More


FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Holly Fernandez Lynch and I. Glenn Cohen (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

In its decades-long effort to assure the safety, efficacy, and security of medicines and other products, the Food and Drug Administration has struggled with issues of funding, proper associations ... More


Expanding Patent Rights in Pharmaceuticals: The Linkage between Patents and Drug Registration

Carlos M. Correa

in The Development Agenda: Global Intellectual Property and Developing Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195342109
eISBN:
9780199866823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342109.003.00011
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

In some developed countries, the patent owners' exclusive rights have been stretched by allowing them to block the marketing approval of competing pharmaceutical generic products. This creates a ... More


Gangs and Drug Supply

Robert McLean

in Gangs, Drugs and (Dis)Organised Crime

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781529203028
eISBN:
9781529203035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529203028.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

While chapter 4 sought to explore organisational and structural properties, chapter 5 sought to provide a generic and largely descriptive account of gang activities sin relation to level of gang ... More


Profits over Patients

Fran Quigley

in Prescription for the People: An Activist's Guide to Making Medicine Affordable for All

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501713750
eISBN:
9781501713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713750.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Pharmaceutical corporations justify enormous prices and history-making profits by citing their research and development investments, but those investments are exaggerated and the companies waste ... More


“As Long As You Don’t Get Carried Away”: Choosing Lifestyle and Gaining Respect

Sandra M. Bucerius

in Unwanted: Muslim Immigrants, Dignity and Drug Dealing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199856473
eISBN:
9780199398133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856473.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter describes the specific drug market in which the young men participated and the business model they employed (the structure and hierarchy of the market, the partnerships they formed, ... More


Street dealing and drug markets

Sveinung Sandberg and Willy Pedersen

in Street capital: Black cannabis dealers in a white welfare state

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421203
eISBN:
9781447303602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421203.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter shows how the young men at The River set themselves up within an economy that, for all intents and purposes, runs alongside the normal white economy. It explains that the young men at ... More


Contraceptive Chaos: Unapproved Use and

William Green

in Contraceptive Risk: The FDA, Depo-Provera, and the Politics of Experimental Medicine

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781479876990
eISBN:
9781479825929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479876990.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Judith Weisz's story of the politics of drug risk management now turns from the national controversy over Depo-Provera to join Anne MacMurdo's story of the drug’s unapproved contraceptive use and the ... More


Wholesale Heroin Trafficking

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the characteristics of the wholesale heroin market by examining some of the major drug trafficking cases between Burma and China since the mid-1980s. It takes an in-depth look ... More


The Drug Market in Burma

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the history, development, and patterns of drug production and trafficking in Burma and its border. First, it briefly discusses some of the major political and economic ... More


Camorra Clans in Spain: Granada, Tarragona, and Tenerife

Felia Allum

in The Invisible Camorra: Neapolitan Crime Families Across Europe

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702457
eISBN:
9781501705830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702457.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter explores the Camorra's presence in Spain. Since its transition to democracy in the late 1970s and its entrance into the European Union in 1986, Spain has been considered by many ... More


A Changed Landscape?

Simon Harding

in County Lines: Exploitation and Drug Dealing among Urban Street Gangs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781529203073
eISBN:
9781529210101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529203073.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter traces the emergence of county lines, noting operational and cultural shifts in drug supply and distribution. Over the past several years, the evolution of UK drug markets has gathered ... More


The Illegal Drug Business

Matthew Bacon

in Taking Care of Business: Police Detectives, Drug Law Enforcement and Proactive Investigation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199687381
eISBN:
9780191813375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687381.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter provides a narrative review of the research literature on the illegal drug business in order to explore this subterranean world of work and play and paint a picture of what the police ... More


Emergence and Change

Simon Harding

in County Lines: Exploitation and Drug Dealing among Urban Street Gangs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781529203073
eISBN:
9781529210101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529203073.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter discusses why and how county lines drug-supply networks began to emerge in provincial towns across the United Kingdom. It sets out several pre-conditions (variables) which, once ripened, ... More


The Social Organization of Entrepreneurial Traffickers

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the rise of entrepreneurial traffickers (both upper-and lower-level) in the Chinese drug market. First, it examines the relationship between organized crime groups and drug ... More


Women in the Heroin Trade

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines women’s participation in drug trafficking and street drug dealings in Yunnan, China, to understand how women have played a role in gaining and maintaining market positions in ... More


Drug Policy and the Public Good

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, María Elena Medina-Mora, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198818014
eISBN:
9780191859410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198818014.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Drug Policy and the Public Good presents the accumulated scientific knowledge of direct relevance to the development of drug policy on local, national, and international levels. The book explores ... More


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