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Drugs: Is the War Winnable?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The federal government asserted a role in fighting narcotics abuse since the early 20th century, but it was not until the Richard Nixon administration starting in 1969 that a federal “war on drugs” ... More


Drug Treatment Courts as Communicative Punishment

Michael M. O’Hear

in Retributivism Has a Past: Has It a Future?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199798278
eISBN:
9780199919376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199798278.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter shows how drug court seems, in some respects, a more communicatively appropriate response to drug offenses than the conventional penal alternatives (simple incarceration and straight ... More


Retributivism, Proportionality, and the Challenge of the Drug Court Movement

Douglas Husak

in Retributivism Has a Past: Has It a Future?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199798278
eISBN:
9780199919376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199798278.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the incompatibility between drug courts and retributivism. It is organized as follows. Section I briefly describes the phenomenon of therapeutic jurisprudence generally, and ... More


Reducing Drug Use among Nonviolent Offenders: The Drug Court Program

John Viernes and Anna Long

in Public Health Practice: What Works

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199892761
eISBN:
9780199301515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892761.003.0029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter pertains to the process of implementing the Drug Court program in Los Angeles County. It contains a discussion on the planning, implementation and evaluation of the Drug Court program. ... More


Criminal Cases

in Specializing the Courts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226039541
eISBN:
9780226039565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226039565.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores the specialization in criminal law in the states, highlighting the courts that hear specific subsets of criminal cases. Separating criminal and civil cases allows judges who ... More


Both Bad and Sick

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter traces the history of drug courts and discusses the sociology of knowledge literature. Drug courts, created partly in response to the overcrowding of jails and prisons resulting from ... More


Consolidations and Expansions: Welfare and the “Alternatives” Archipelago

Judah Schept

in Progressive Punishment: Job Loss, Jail Growth and the Neoliberal Logic of Carceral Expansion

Published in print:
1942
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479810710
eISBN:
9781479802821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479810710.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Chapter Two looks specifically at the spatial dimensions of carceral habitus as expressed in the vision for the justice campus as well as in the growing scope of so called alternatives. First, the ... More


“Force Is the Best Medicine”: Addiction, Recovery, and Coercion

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines how drug court advocates move from an emphasis on drug addiction as a “genuine neurobiological disease of the brain” to the conclusion that “force is the best medicine” when ... More


“Now That We Know the Medicine Works”: Expanding the Drug Court Model

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter reflects on the future of drug courts, paying attention to the recent preoccupation of advocates with these courts' institutionalization. It considers how the courts' individualized and ... More


The Relevance of the Neuroscience of Addiction to Criminal Law

Douglas Husak and Emily Murphy

in A Primer on Criminal Law and Neuroscience: A contribution of the Law and Neuroscience Project, supported by the MacArthur Foundation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199859177
eISBN:
9780199332694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859177.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

We discuss how the complexities of conducting neuroscience research on addiction limit its application to the criminal law. Individual addicts vary enormously, and the general findings of ... More


If Drug Treatment Works So Well, Why Are So Many Drug Users in Prison?

Harold Pollack, Peter Reuter, and Eric Sevigny

in Controlling Crime: Strategies and Tradeoffs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226115122
eISBN:
9780226115139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226115139.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter first describes the changing patterns of drug misuse in the United States over the last forty years, which is necessary to understand the challenge now facing the criminal justice ... More


How May Neuroscience Affect the Way that the Criminal Courts Deal with Addicted Offenders?

Wayne Hall and Adrian Carter

in Neuroscience and Legal Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199925605
eISBN:
9780199332939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199925605.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Two competing views of addiction often frame debates about the legal responsibility of addicted persons for their drug use and crimes committed in order to use drugs: 1) the “brain disease model”; ... More


Women and Adult Drug Treatment Courts: Surveillance, Social Conformity, and the Exercise of Agency

Corinne C. Datchi

in Gender, Psychology, and Justice: The Mental Health of Women and Girls in the Legal System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781479819850
eISBN:
9781479846658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479819850.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Drug courts offer community-based correctional alternatives to incarceration and target nonviolent felons who engage in criminal activities to sustain their drug use. They use a variety of ... More


“The Right Thing to Do for the Right Reasons”: The Institutional Context for the Emergence of Drug Courts

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines how drug court advocates make their “case for coercion” and how their perspectives about coerced treatment are informed by theories about the causes of crime as well as the role ... More


Conclusion

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This concluding chapter evaluates alternatives to drug courts and the criminalization of drugs and drug users that entail neither punitive oversight nor coercion. It highlights the contradictions in ... More


Introduction

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This book explores the arguments put forward by advocates of drug courts and coerced treatment of drug users. It frames drug courts, often touted as “alternatives to incarceration,” within ... More


Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Rebecca Tiger

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The number of people incarcerated in the United States now exceeds 2.3 million, due in part to the increasing criminalization of drug use: over 25 percent of people incarcerated in jails and prisons ... More


“Enlightened Coercion”: Making Coercion Work

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines how medicalized theories of addiction became the basis for the broad support for drug courts and for advocates' argument in support of enlightened coercion. It begins with a ... More


Criminalizing Deviance: Reconciling the Punitive and Rehabilitative

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter traces the history of punishment in the United States, with particular emphasis on the competing theories that explain what exactly causes people to transgress norms and what compels ... More


Health and social services for drug users

Thomas F. Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, María Elena Medina-Mora, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198818014
eISBN:
9780191859410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198818014.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health and social services attempt to reduce drug-related harm by promoting abstinence, by reducing the frequency of drug use, and by changing behaviours that are harmful to drug users and society at ... More


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