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From Punishment to Harm Reduction: Resecularization of Addiction in Contemporary Iran

Amir Arsalan Afkhami

in Contemporary Iran: Economy, Society, Politics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378481
eISBN:
9780199852345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378481.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter analyzes the issue of addiction. It argues that after the Revolution the treatment of substance abuse began to be seen by the government outside the previously held medical paradigm. In ... More


Joined-Up Government

Vernon Bogdanor (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263334
eISBN:
9780191734564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263334.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Drawing together work presented at a conference held at the British Academy, this book provides a broad overview of one of the most significant aspects of modern government. Joined-up government is a ... More


Internal Stimuli Generated by Abused Substances: Role of Pavlovian Conditioning and Its Implications for Drug Addiction

Rick A. Bevins and Jennifer E. Murray

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0084
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Consideration of the importance of Pavlovian conditioning involving interoceptive stimuli to health-related issues dates back to Pavlov. Despite this long history and its likely importance, the ... More


Marijuana’s Perceived Addictiveness: A Survey of Clinicians and Researchers

Robert Gore and Mitch Earleywine

in Pot Politics: Marijuana and the Costs of Prohibition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195188028
eISBN:
9780199893577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188028.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

Although experts influence public opinion regarding drug addictiveness, no previous research surveys the opinions of different groups of experts in order to compare their ratings of addictiveness. ... More


The neuropsychology of stimulant and opiate dependence: neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies

Karen D. Ersche

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Chronic use of stimulants and/or opiates has been associated with a wide range of cognitive deficits, involving domains of attention, inhibitory control, planning, decision making, learning, and ... More


Both Bad and Sick

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter traces the history of drug courts and discusses the sociology of knowledge literature. Drug courts, created partly in response to the overcrowding of jails and prisons resulting from ... More


“Force Is the Best Medicine”: Addiction, Recovery, and Coercion

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines how drug court advocates move from an emphasis on drug addiction as a “genuine neurobiological disease of the brain” to the conclusion that “force is the best medicine” when ... More


Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Mauricio R. Delgado, Elizabeth A. Phelps, and Trevor W. Robbins (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This latest volume in the Attention and Performance series focuses on two of the fastest moving research areas in cognitive and affective neuroscience — decision making and emotional processing. This ... More


Addiction: The pleasures and perils of operant behavior

Bennett Foddy

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter compares the epidemiological and neuroscientific data on different addictions and addiction-like syndromes, from drug addiction to binge-eating disorders, gambling, and videogame ... More


Out on the streets and out of control? Drug-using sex workers and the prostitution strategy

Margaret Melrose

in Regulating sex for sale: Prostitution policy reform in the UK

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421067
eISBN:
9781447303169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421067.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter critically considers the assumptions underlying policy proposals for sex-working drug users and drug-using sex workers in New Labour's prostitution strategy. It argues that by conflating ... More


The End of Childhood: Parental Drug Addiction and Violence

Michaela Soyer

in Lost Childhoods: Poverty, Trauma, and Violent Crime in the Post-Welfare Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520296701
eISBN:
9780520969087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520296701.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The young men in this study came of age years after crack consumption peaked in American inner cities. Chapter 3 shows that their lives were nevertheless significantly impacted by their parents’ drug ... More


“Enlightened Coercion”: Making Coercion Work

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines how medicalized theories of addiction became the basis for the broad support for drug courts and for advocates' argument in support of enlightened coercion. It begins with a ... More


The neurobiology of addiction as a window on voluntary control of behavior and moral responsibility

Steven E. Hyman

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Many laboratories, working worldwide on both animal models and human subjects, have produced significant insights into the neurobiological mechanisms that underlie drug addiction. Addictive drugs ... More


Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Rebecca Tiger

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The number of people incarcerated in the United States now exceeds 2.3 million, due in part to the increasing criminalization of drug use: over 25 percent of people incarcerated in jails and prisons ... More


Introduction

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This book explores the arguments put forward by advocates of drug courts and coerced treatment of drug users. It frames drug courts, often touted as “alternatives to incarceration,” within ... More


Drug Treatment with a Chinese Characteristic

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the issues of drug addiction and rehabilitation in China. It explores some of the factors contributing to the rise of addiction in China; discusses how drug users in China are ... More


“The Right Thing to Do for the Right Reasons”: The Institutional Context for the Emergence of Drug Courts

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines how drug court advocates make their “case for coercion” and how their perspectives about coerced treatment are informed by theories about the causes of crime as well as the role ... More


Synergeia and Simfoniia: Orthodox Morality, Human Rights, and the State

Jarrett Zigon

in “HIV Is God's Blessing”: Rehabilitating Morality in Neoliberal Russia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520267626
eISBN:
9780520948327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267626.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter highlights the Church's institutional view of HIV/AIDS in the context of morality, human rights, and the state. The Church sees drug addiction as a sin and a problem of immorality. But ... More


Securing a Safe Home for Children: A New National Priority

Jill Duerr Berrick

in Take Me Home: Protecting America's Vulnerable Children and Families

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322620
eISBN:
9780199864607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322620.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

Child welfare in the United States is in a state of a crisis. The system is unable to solve intense family problems relating to drug addiction, domestic violence, and criminal behavior. The system ... More


Older Adults With Substance/Alcohol Abuse Problems

Tazuko Shibusawa

in Handbook of Social Work in Health and Aging

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173727
eISBN:
9780199893218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173727.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Alcohol and drug abuse and misuse among older adults are one of the fastest growing public health problems in the United States. The problems, however, remain underdiagnosed and undertreated, and ... More


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