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Exploring Adaptive Governance for Managing Tipping Points

Emily Boyd

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Adaptive governance explains processes of reaction and social learning through leadership, experience, and experimentation. Much of this is set in frameworks of culture, power, social relations, ... More


Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

R. Ford Denison

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

As human populations grow and resources are depleted, agriculture will need to use land, water, and other resources more efficiently and without sacrificing long-term sustainability. This book ... More


The Amazon in Transition: The Challenge of Transforming the World’s Largest Tropical Forest Biome into a Sustainable Social-Ecological System

Toby Gardner

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The Amazon is a major biome for helping to stabilize the water and temperature of its region and possibly even the whole planet. But increasingly it is subject to droughts leading to the possibility ... More


The Lost Woodlands of Ancient Nasca: A Case-study in Ecological and Cultural Collapse

David Beresford-Jones

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264768
eISBN:
9780191754005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264768.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This book presents an archaeological case of prehistoric human environmental impact: a study of ecological and cultural change from the arid south coast of Peru, beginning around 750 bc and ... More


Effects of Endophytes on Their Hosts

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In symbiotic associations, there is great variation in ecological outcomes shaped by the underlying coevolutionary process. Endophytic fungi of grasses have been shown to affect host growth and ... More


Voices of Drought: The Politics of Music and Environment in Northeastern Brazil

Michael B. Silvers

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042089
eISBN:
9780252050831
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042089.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Voices of Drought is an ethnomusicological study of relationships between popular music, the environmental and social costs of drought, and the politics of culture and climate vulnerability in the ... More


Late twentieth-century patterns and trends in the climate of tropical forest regions

Yadvinder Malhi and James Wright

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter presents an analysis of the mean climate and climatic trends of tropical rainforest regions over the period 1960-98, with the aid of climatological databases. Since the mid-1970s all ... More


The effects of drought on tropical forest ecosystems

Patrick Meir and John Grace

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Drought stress in tropical forests can have a major impact on global carbon, water, and energy cycles. This chapter examines drought-induced responses in the processing of carbon and water by intact ... More


Recovering from the Great Depression

Robert Wuthnow

in Remaking the Heartland: Middle America since the 1950s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691146119
eISBN:
9781400836246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146119.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines how the Middle West recovered from the ill effects of the Great Depression. The Great Depression was something Americans hoped they would never experience again. In the rural ... More


Depression, Drought, and Federation

Ian W. McLean

in Why Australia Prospered: The Shifting Sources of Economic Growth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154671
eISBN:
9781400845439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154671.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter talks about negative shocks from internal imbalance, external factors, and drought wrought havoc with the economy for more than a decade. Against this background of a major threat to ... More


Hillforts of the Ancient Andes: Colla Warfare, Society, and Landscape

Elizabeth N. Arkush

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035260
eISBN:
9780813039107
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035260.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

By AD 1000, the Colla controlled the high-altitude plains near Lake Titicaca in southern Peru. They fought over the region for many centuries before becoming a subject people of the Inca (who ... More


Mother

Todd Lewis and Subarna Tuladhar

in Sugata Saurabha: An Epic Poem from Nepal on the Life of the Buddha by Chittadhar Hridaya

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195341829
eISBN:
9780199866816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341829.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter begins with the death of Queen Māyā a week after the birth. The mourning of the royal court contrasts vividly with the happiness that ended the previous chapter. The last rites for the ... More


Ecosystem functions and services

Cagan H. Sekercioglu

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Cagan H. Sekercioglu recapitulates natural ecosystem functions and services. Ecosystem services are the set of ecosystem functions that are useful to humans. These services make the ... More


Scope and Dimensions: The Case of Sahelian and Sub-Saharan African Migration to Europe

Gregory White

in Climate Change and Migration: Security and Borders in a Warming World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794829
eISBN:
9780199919284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794829.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the science associated with climate induced migration. Humans have always migrated in response to a complex array of stimuli and “forcings.” Despite the historical precedents, ... More


Hunger: Famine, Relief, and Identity in Basil's Cappadocia

Susan R. Holman

in The Hungry are Dying: Beggars and Bishops in Roman Cappadocia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139129
eISBN:
9780199834310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139127.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter places Basil of Caesarea's fourth‐century famine relief activities within the broader spectrum of the history of famine relief and the physiology of starvation. It summarizes what is ... More


Drought and Famine in the Sahel

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A case study of the drought of 1968–73, and the famines of the 1970s in the in the six West African countries of Mauritania, Senegal, Mali, Upper Volta, Niger, and Chad. The famines are analysed in ... More


Famine Prevention in India

Jean Drèze

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 2: Famine Prevention

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286363
eISBN:
9780191718458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286363.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Though one may mistakenly attribute India's impressive recent record of famine prevention to a steady improvement in food production or to the overall evolution of the economy, this chapter argues ... More


Ethnicity and the Politics of Conflict: The Case of Matabeleland

JOCELYN ALEXANDER, JO ANN McGREGOR, and TERENCE RANGER

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: VOLUME 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297390
eISBN:
9780191685323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297390.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the ethnic and political conflicts in the Matabeleland region in Zimbabwe in relation to the role of conflict in complex humanitarian emergencies. This conflict, though not ... More


Winning Together: The Natural Resource Negotiation Playbook

Bruno Verdini Trejo

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037136
eISBN:
9780262343633
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037136.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Through an analysis of prominent transboundary natural resource management negotiation cases, Winning Together outlines how government, industry, and NGOs can effectively overcome past grievances, ... More


Climate Change and Oceanography

Tim R. McClanahan and Joshua E. Cinner

in Adapting to a Changing Environment: Confronting the Consequences of Climate Change

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199754489
eISBN:
9780199918843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754489.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter briefly describes the current understanding of the recent geological history of climate and oceanography in the Indian Ocean and its implications for human-induced climate change. A ... More


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