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The Structure of Social Provision

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Seeks to use disaggregated measures of social expenditure derived from the OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) to measure the extent of recent change in the structure of social provision and to ... More


Explaining Expenditure Outcomes

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Uses statistical techniques to model the determinants of aggregate social expenditure change in 21 OECD countries over the period 1980 to 1998. The main focus is on testing hypotheses relating to the ... More


Enterprise Management and Corporate Governance

Arndt Sorge

in The Global and the Local: Understanding the Dialectics of Business Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199278909
eISBN:
9780191706820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278909.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

The dialectical complementarity of liberalism and corporatist governance in provincialized layers has brought forth internationally oriented companies promoting diversified quality production, credit ... More


Employment Adjustment and Distributional Conflict in Japanese Firms 1

Gregory Jackson

in Corporate Governance in Japan: Institutional Change and Organizational Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284511
eISBN:
9780191713705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284511.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines employment practices and adjustment drawing on both survey data and case study materials. While over 80% of Japanese listed firms maintain a commitment to lifetime employment, ... More


The Future of Contracting

Simon Domberger

in The Contracting Organization: A Strategic Guide to Outsourcing

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774570
eISBN:
9780191596148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774575.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter and the previous two look at the structural changes that have resulted from the economy‐wide application of contracting out. The public sector is perhaps the one that has been most ... More


US Corporate Responses to New Challenges

Mary O'Sullivan

in Contests for Corporate Control: Corporate Governance and Economic Performance in the United States and Germany

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244867
eISBN:
9780191596735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244863.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The growing demands for financial liquidity, combined with the productive challenges discussed in the previous chapter, created significant pressures on the stability of the post‐war system of ... More


“I Gotta Get Out of This Place”: Workplace Stress as a Threat to Public Health

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Most people may not recognize that stress has become a major risk for a wide variety of health and mental health problems, although when surveyed most people talk passionately about the stress they ... More


Organizational Learning Disabilities and Organizational Amnesia

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter has a wide focus, covering many of the cognitive problems that are secondary to chronic organizational stress. Stress interferes with organizational learning, organizational memory is ... More


Strategic Human Resource Management: Corporate Rhetoric and Human Reality

Lynda Gratton, Veronica Hope Hailey, Philip Stiles, and Catherine Truss

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198782049
eISBN:
9780191695421
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198782049.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Strategy

Life is tough in organizations, both for managers and the managed. Negotiating the rapids of restructuring, downsizing, and refocusing the core business brings with it huge upheavals in job security, ... More


Did Concentration Increase Inequality?

Rohit

in It's Not Over: Structural Drivers of the Global Economic Crisis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198088417
eISBN:
9780199082292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198088417.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

After presenting independent evidence of a weakened working class and a resurgent capitalist class in chapter 2, chapter 3 attempts to link these two up. An aggressive process of concentration in ... More


The Government-Industrial Complex: The True Size of the Federal Government, 1984-2018

Paul C. Light

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190851798
eISBN:
9780190909598
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851798.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The Government-Industrial Complex explores the recent history and impact of the federal government’s blended workforce of federal, contract, and grant employees. Drawing upon Dwight D. Eisenhower’s ... More


After the Deluge: Office Workers and the Era of Uncertainty in Virginia

Michael Dennis

in The New Economy and the Modern South

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032917
eISBN:
9780813038407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032917.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The dominant reality for office workers from Richmond to Roanoke was insecurity. The possibility of being laid off or simply eliminated as a result of corporate restructuring burrowed deeply into the ... More


The Tilting Triangle and Commercialization

Peter J. Westwick

in Into the Black: JPL and the American Space Program, 1976-2004

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110753
eISBN:
9780300134582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110753.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the link of Total Quality Management and reengineering to two other features of the 1990s: downsizing and regulatory pressure. These four threads intertwined and reinforced ... More


The Japanese Employment System after the Bubble Burst: New Evidence

Ryo Kambayashi and Takao Kato

in Japan's Bubble, Deflation, and Long-term Stagnation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014892
eISBN:
9780262289467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014892.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the changes in Japan’s employment system after 1997 and illustrates how the sensitivity of employment to macroeconomic fluctuations steadily increase in the wake of economic ... More


Downsizing: The Pessimist’s Case

Charles S. Pearson

in On the Cusp: From Population Boom to Bust

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190223915
eISBN:
9780190223946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190223915.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter provides a framework for analyzing the potential negative economic effect of aging and population decline. Aging and associated shifts in the structure of the labor force appear more ... More


The Growth of Intelligence Contracting in the Post-Cold War Era

Damien Van Puyvelde

in Outsourcing US Intelligence: Contractors and Government Accountability

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474450225
eISBN:
9781474465267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474450225.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter charts and explains the rise of intelligence outsourcing in the post-Cold War era. In the 1990s, the private sector led the information technology revolution and became an indispensable ... More


Good Government and Good Governing

Amy E. Lerman

in Good Enough for Government Work: The Public Reputation Crisis in America (And What We Can Do to Fix It)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226630175
eISBN:
9780226630342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226630342.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the history of good government reforms in the United States. What we can learn from this history is that it is not enough to cut the costs of government. To improve performance ... More


The Growing Imbalance between Value Creation and Value Extraction

William Lazonick and Jang-Sup Shin

in Predatory Value Extraction: How the Looting of the Business Corporation Became the US Norm and How Sustainable Prosperity Can Be Restored

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198846772
eISBN:
9780191881770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846772.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This introductory chapter explains how the US economy has transitioned from the “retain-and-invest” regime to the “downsize-and-distribute” regime, resulting in the growing imbalance between value ... More


The Value-Extracting Insiders

William Lazonick and Jang-Sup Shin

in Predatory Value Extraction: How the Looting of the Business Corporation Became the US Norm and How Sustainable Prosperity Can Be Restored

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198846772
eISBN:
9780191881770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846772.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter focuses on the general transformation of senior corporate executives in the United States from industrialist leaders dedicated to value creation into financial engineers intent on value ... More


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