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External Dosimetry

David. C. Kocher

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses compilations of external dose coefficients, which give external dose rates per unit concentration of radionuclides in specified source regions (air, water, ground surface, or ... More


Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

John E. Till and Helen Grogan (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This book is an update and major revision to Radiological Assessment: A Textbook on Environmental Dose Analysis published by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 1983. It focuses on risk to the ... More


The Risks from Exposure to Ionizing Radiation

Roger H. Clarke

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses human health risk resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation. Since the book is concerned with environmental risk assessment, which does not normally involve deterministic ... More


The Radiological Assessment Process

John E. Till

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter lays the foundation for the book. It explains the components of radiological assessment and discusses how these components must be undertaken in a systematic process to provide ... More


Internal Dosimetry

John W. Poston and John R. Ford

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the steps needed to perform an assessment of the internal dose resulting from exposure to radionuclides. It provides information about where to obtain guidance on radionuclides ... More


Technical Error: Measures of Life and Risk

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the sciences, politics, and international cooperations that informed Soviet state responses to the Chernobyl disaster and how they produced an image of control over ... More


Self and Social Identity in Transition

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how the self and social identity have been transformed in post-Soviet Ukraine within the legal and medical context of claiming illness from radiation dose exposure. It shows how ... More


Bt Resistance Management: Getting Off the Treadmill

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

Although Bt transgenic plants are ecologically benign compared with insecticide sprays, there is a concern that insects will eventually evolve resistance to Bt toxin. If that happened, then the ... More


Dosimetry in Epidemiology

Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

in A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195141566
eISBN:
9780199872145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the use of biologically based models of exposure and dose in epidemiologic studies. It describes how dose metrics can be used in epidemiologic models and discusses some of the ... More


Reversible Proportional Disease Processes: Effects of Ammonia and Ozone on Respiratory Symptoms

Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

in A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195141566
eISBN:
9780199872145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates the modeling of reversible proportional disease processes using two examples. It first continues to use the simple case of ammonia leading to eye irritation that was ... More


Where Do We Go From Here?

Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

in A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195141566
eISBN:
9780199872145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The previous chapters laid out a systematic approach for constructing disease process models and their related dose metrics, which can advance the integration of exposure assessment and epidemiology. ... More


Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Kevin Elliott

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book examines a variety of ways in which societal values can be more effectively integrated into the numerous judgments associated with policy‐relevant environmental research. It provides a ... More


RADIATION EFFECTS

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter first explains basic radiation damage mechanisms (i.e., displacement and ionization damage), and then applies them to sensors and transistors. Radiation damage in detector diodes ... More


Introduction: Societal Values and Environmental Research

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter provides an overview of the book and a summary of each subsequent chapter. It highlights the volume's two major goals: to examine the range of methodological decisions and interpretive ... More


The Hormesis Case

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the history of hormesis research as an important case study of the ways in which methodological and interpretive judgments enter scientific practice. It organizes these choices ... More


Lesson #3: Ethics for Experts

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that, if scientists are to avoid railroading their own values into individual and societal decision‐making processes, they need to follow an ethics of expertise (EOE) when ... More


Conclusion

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This final chapter reviews the book's major claims and considers important directions for future scholarship. The analyses in the preceding chapters suggest at least three promising avenues for ... More


Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Human Development

Claire D. Coles

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of how differences in methodologies have contributed to disagreements in the literature and among the public and many professionals about the effects of ... More


Risk Evaluation of Mercury Pollution

Joanna Burger and Michael Gochfeld

in Mercury in the Environment: Pattern and Process

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271630
eISBN:
9780520951396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271630.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Risk assessment is a method of evaluating harm from a stressor, such as mercury. Human risk assessment involves hazard identification, dose-response assessment, exposure assessment, and risk ... More


Methodological Issues in the Design of Analgesic Clinical Trials

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses some of the firm conclusions from the experience of analgesic research and highlights areas of analgesic trial methodology that have had relatively little exploration, ... More


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