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The prefrontal landscape: implications of functional architecture for understanding human mentation and the central executive

P. S. Goldman-rakic

in The Prefrontal Cortex: Executive and Cognitive Functions

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524410
eISBN:
9780191689192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524410.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses prefrontal cortex anatomically and functionally, based on the idea that structure and function are inextricably related. It explains that the prefrontal cortex is a composite ... More


The prefrontal cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in Brain Computations: What and How

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198871101
eISBN:
9780191914157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198871101.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The prefrontal cortex receives perceptual information from the temporal and parietal cortices, and is in a position to perform ‘off-line’ processing, including holding items in a short-term memory ... More


Anterior Cingulate Cortex Contributions to Cognitive and Emotional Processing: A General Purpose Mechanism for Cognitive Control and Self-Control

Marie K. Krug and Cameron S. Carter

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses the topic of self-control from the perspective of conflict theory, a well-studied framework for understanding the behavioral and neural adaptation effects seen during the ... More


The general-purpose working memory system and functions of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex

Shintaro Funahashi

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter points to evidence from single-cell recording in primates that cells in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) show sustained activity following removal of a visual stimulus, thereby ... More


Neuroanatomical Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control: A Focus on the Medial and Lateral Prefrontal Cortex

Jérôme Sallet, Rogier B. Mars, René Quilodran, Emmanuel Procyk, Michael Petrides, and Matthew F. S. Rushworth

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the cycoarchitectonic properties and connectivity profiles of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in the hope that it can lead to a ... More


Locating and Constructing Subjective Value in the Front of the Brain

Paul W. Glimcher

in Foundations of Neuroeconomic Analysis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744251
eISBN:
9780199863433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744251.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter shows that many areas contribute specialized input to the core valuation circuits of the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) and the striatum. Current data identifies at least five of these ... More


Mechanisms of Conflict Resolution in Prefrontal Cortex

John Jonides, David Badre, Clayton Curtis, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill, and Edward E. Smith

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses the psychological process of selectively attending to one source of information to the exclusion of others. In a meta-analysis, it reviews different tasks used to study ... More


Neural bases of focusing attention in working memory: An fMRI study based on individual differences

Mariko Osaka and Naoyuki Osaka

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data that explores the basis for individual differences in working memory span capacity. It identifies three major and separable ... More


A neural efficiency hypothesis of age-related changes in human working memory performance

Bart Rypma

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the changes in executive functions with age, drawing on behavioural and brain imaging data. It focuses on response selection as an important executive function and concludes ... More


Contextual bias and insulation against bias during aesthetic rating: The roles of VMPFC and DLPFC in neural valuation

Ulrich Kirk and David Freedberg

in Art, Aesthetics, and the Brain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199670000
eISBN:
9780191793479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670000.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

The scientific study of aesthetic experience through the examination of the neural correlates of sensory and motor responses works of art and to other visual images has thrived during the last ... More


The Frontal Lobes

Frederick L. Coolidge

in Evolutionary Neuropsychology: An Introduction to the Evolution of the Structures and Functions of the Human Brain

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190940942
eISBN:
9780190940973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940942.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter notes that the expansion of the brain, particularly the cortex, as well as increased behavioral flexibility, in mammals compared to that in reptiles, birds, and fishes. Mammalian brains ... More


Social Decision-making in Childhood and Adolescence

Eveline A. Crone, Geert-Jan Will, Sandy Overgaauw, and Berna Gürog˘lu

in Reward and Punishment in Social Dilemmas

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199300730
eISBN:
9780190221041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300730.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes several novel lines of research, which have focused on social decision-making and perspective taking across childhood and adolescent development using experimental games. It ... More


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