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Conscious and unconscious visual processing in the human brain

A. David Milner

in Frontiers of Consciousness: Chichele Lectures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233151
eISBN:
9780191696596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233151.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses two distinct and quasi-separate brain systems, the dorsal and ventral visual streams. First, it uses the metaphor of two people singing from the same hymn sheet, and argues ... More


Epilogue: twelve years on

A. David Milner and Melvyn A. Goodale

in The Visual Brain in Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524724
eISBN:
9780191689239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524724.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the recent literature on the organization of the visual system. New insights into the ventral and dorsal streams are explored. How the development and now wide use of fMRI help ... More


Models of visual development

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the Atkinson and Braddick neurobiological models of early visual development in typically developing infants. The first model is based on the idea developed by Atkinson from ... More


Mapping the neglect syndrome onto neurofunctional streams

Vallar Giuseppe and Mancini Flavia

in Perception, Action, and Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics and Two Visual Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199551118
eISBN:
9780191594960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551118.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an overview of the syndrome of unilateral spatial neglect (USN) as a multicomponent deficit, focusing on the distinction between its ‘perceptual’ and ‘premotor’ impairments, as ... More


Spatial coordinates and phenomenology in the two visual systems model

Pierre Jacob and Frédérique de Vignemont

in Perception, Action, and Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics and Two Visual Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199551118
eISBN:
9780191594960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551118.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The ‘two-visual’ systems hypothesis has recently come under attack regarding its proposed functional dichotomy between vision-for-action and vision-for-perception as well as for the limited ... More


Why Are We Conscious? Action without Enaction

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Conscious Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195314595
eISBN:
9780199979059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314595.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Theories differ in how they relate consciousness to action. At one extreme, enactivists argue that perceptual consciousness essential involves motor responses or a representation of motor action. At ... More


The Dorsal Stream and the Visual Horizon

Michael Madary

in Visual Phenomenology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035453
eISBN:
9780262341783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035453.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The seventh chapter shows how the empirical premise can accommodate evidence for the dual visual systems in cognitive neuroscience. The main claim of this chapter is that the crucial difference ... More


Do Perception and Action Result from Different Brain Circuits? The Three Visual Systems Hypothesis

Giacomo Rizzolatti and Vittorio Gallese

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter argues that the separation of the cortical visual processing into two streams is insufficient and, in the version where perception and action are kept separated, leads to a ... More


Attention, consciousness, and the coordination of behaviour

A. David Milner and Melvyn A. Goodale

in The Visual Brain in Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524724
eISBN:
9780191689239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524724.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Outlining possible suggestions in addressing questions related to visual and dorsal streams of visual processing is the main concern of this chapter. Specifically, it attempts to examine the internal ... More


Cognitive Penetration of the Dorsal Visual Stream?

Brad Mahon and Wayne Wu

in The Cognitive Penetrability of Perception: New Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738916
eISBN:
9780191802102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738916.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The thesis of the cognitive penetration of vision asserts a specific type of informational exchange between cognition and vision. It remains unclear, however, what this amounts to, whether cognition ... More


Fronto-Occipital Fasciculus

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

The fronto-occipital fasciculus (FOF), also known as the occipitofrontal fasciculus, is one of the long association systems of the dorsal visual stream. The subcallosal fasciculus of Muratoff that ... More


Concluding remarks

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes the neuroscientific model of visual development that emerges from the work discussed in the book, including the role of dorsal and ventral cortical streams, and considers ... More


Disorders of spatial perception and the visual control of action

A. David Milner and Melvyn A. Goodale

in The Visual Brain in Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524724
eISBN:
9780191689239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524724.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter the authors argue that the relevant computations for the control of spatially directed movements are carried out by neural systems that are quite independent of those underlying much ... More


Background on the Problem: Genes, Brains, and the Hallmark Spatial Profile

Barbara Landau and James E. Hoffman

in Spatial Representation: From Gene to Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195385373
eISBN:
9780199979189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385373.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter provides background on the genetic profile of people with WS, followed by a review of what is known about the possible structural and functional brain bases for the spatial deficit. ... More


Development of integration (‘binding’) and segmentation processes leading to object perception

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the development of the ability to segment the visual field and group elements into perceived objects. Infants can be shown to segment on the basis of ‘texton’ patterns, texture ... More


Visual Reference

Mohan Matthen

in Seeing, Doing, and Knowing: A Philosophical Theory of Sense Perception

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199268504
eISBN:
9780191602283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268509.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The visual guidance of bodily motion is conducted by a system, here entitled ‘motion-guiding vision‘, that is separate from the system that furnishes us with visual qualia. The latter is called ... More


‘Cortical blindness’

A. David Milner and Melvyn A. Goodale

in The Visual Brain in Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524724
eISBN:
9780191689239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524724.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Damage to the primary visual cortex can cause a profound loss of awareness of the visible world. However, surviving pathways appear to provide sufficient visual information to allow the brain to ... More


Visual processing in the primate parietal lobe

A. David Milner and H. Chris Dijkerman

in Comparative Neuropsychology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The evidence for the coding of visual location in multiple ways within the dorsal stream, for different motor purposes, is becoming increasingly clear. But all of these forms of spatial coding, of ... More


The Two Dorsal Visual Streams and Their Role in Perception

Rizzolatti Giacomo, Fogassi Leonardo, and Luppino Giuseppe

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter describes how visual information is transformed into motor acts. It examines the concept of two visual systems and illustrates that the dorsal stream is actually formed by two basically ... More


The origins of vision: from modules to models

Melvyn Goodale and David Milner

in Sight Unseen: An Exploration of Conscious and Unconscious Vision

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199596966
eISBN:
9780191753008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596966.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

This chapter discusses the origins of vision. In evolutionary terms, vision began as a system for the sensory control of movement. Vision as conscious sight is a relative newcomer on the evolutionary ... More


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