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Water balance physiology

Steven L. Chown and Sue W. Nicolson

in Insect Physiological Ecology: Mechanisms and Patterns

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515494
eISBN:
9780191705649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515494.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter reviews the mechanisms involved in water gain and loss, and osmoregulation of individual insects, as well as the expansion of this aspect of insect physiology to new levels. Cuticular ... More


Photoperiodic Control of Dormancy and Flowering in Trees

Pekka Heino, Ove Nilsson, and Tapio Palva

in Photoperiodism: The Biological Calendar

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335903
eISBN:
9780199775446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335903.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Plants as sessile and poikilothermic organisms have to grow, reproduce, and survive in a wide variety of environmental conditions. Consequently, plants have evolved an array of adaptive strategies, ... More


Conclusions

Cristina E. Parau

in Transnational Networking and Elite Self-Empowerment: The Making of the Judiciary in Contemporary Europe and Beyond

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780197266403
eISBN:
9780191879593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266403.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter concludes the volume. In normative terms, the Judiciary revisions imposed on CEE since 1989 (and now the West) exhibit an unmistakable pattern: they transfer political power away from ... More


Dormancy and difference 1925–1929

Anthony Kauders

in German Politics and the Jews: Düsseldorf and Nuremberg, 1910-1933

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206316
eISBN:
9780191677076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206316.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter illustrates both the continuity of Weimar history and the varieties of local and regional experience. By and large, anti-Semitic activities were suspended in this period, when the ... More


Parallels in understanding the endocrine control of lifespan with the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus and the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster

Magdalena Hodkova and Marc Tatar

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In many organisms, reproduction is negatively correlated with life span, but little is known about proximate mechanisms of this trade-off. According to the traditional view, internal energy reserves ... More


Aromatase, Low Temperature Dormancy, and Reproduction in the Red-Sided Garter Snake

Randolph W. Krohmer

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The red-sided garter snake (RSGS) exhibits a dissociated reproductive pattern, mating when gonads are inactive. Although it is now recognized that sex steroid hormone plasma concentrations remain ... More


Development

Jill Lancaster and Barbara J. Downes

in Aquatic Entomology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573219
eISBN:
9780191774850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573219.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses insect development, focusing on the processes that occur during each stage of the life cycle and the transitions between life stages. Development can be divided into three main ... More


Age and Size at Maturity

Derek A. Roff

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Age and size at maturity have been an object of interest to humans since the domestication of animals and plants, for one of the objectives of domestication was to produce an organism that grew ... More


Seed germination and seedling establishment

M. Anwar Maun

in The Biology of Coastal Sand Dunes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198570356
eISBN:
9780191916731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198570356.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

For the transformation of a seed to a seedling complex physical and biochemical changes occur within a seed before germination can proceed. Germination is controlled by diverse seed dormancy ... More


Seed dispersal, dormancy, and “bet-hedging” in desert plants

Ahmad Hegazy and Jonathan Lovett-Doust

in Plant Ecology in the Middle East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199660810
eISBN:
9780191820687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660810.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

This chapter considers seed dispersal, dormancy, and evolutionary “bet-hedging” as ways of avoiding drought. Cues that induce and release dormancy, and other environmental triggers for germination, ... More


Conclusions

Ahmad Hegazy and Jonathan Lovett-Doust

in Plant Ecology in the Middle East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199660810
eISBN:
9780191820687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660810.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

This chapter describes how, in dryland systems, plants facilitate neighbors in various ways. Overall, this tends to produce a characteristic, large-scale “clustering” in vegetation. Various ... More


Behavioural characteristics of seeds: elements of dormancy

Anthony Trewavas

in Plant Behaviour and Intelligence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199539543
eISBN:
9780191788291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539543.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The phenomena of seed behaviour largely hinge around dormancy and its breakage. Some unusual characteristics of this process are indicated in the range of different chemicals that induce germination ... More


Turfgrass in the Modern Environment

Patricia J. Vittum

in Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada: Third Edition

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501747953
eISBN:
9781501747977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747953.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of turfgrasses. Turfgrass typically refers to an individual plant or species and turf refers to a uniform stand of grass or a mixture of grasses mowed at a ... More


Maintenance without Equilibrium

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0029
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

The old question of the maintenance of alternative phenotypes appears in a new light when seen from a developmental point of view. In the past, ... More


Plant communities

M. Anwar Maun

in The Biology of Coastal Sand Dunes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198570356
eISBN:
9780191916731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198570356.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Plant communities of the dune complex are a result of interaction between tolerance of plant species and sandy substrate, high wind velocities, salt spray, sand accretion and environmental ... More


Zonation and succession

M. Anwar Maun

in The Biology of Coastal Sand Dunes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198570356
eISBN:
9780191916731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198570356.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

There is ample evidence that a progressive change in the intensity of an important environmental factor leads to the formation of zones or belt-like communities in which the plant species reflect a ... More


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