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Special medical conditions and therapeutic interventions

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Cancer progression is not affected by placebo treatments; however symptoms can be reduced by placebos. Nocebo effects are crucially involved in anticipatory nausea and vomiting before a cancer ... More


SIGNAL FORMATION AND ACQUISITION

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter first discusses which parameters determine sensor sensitivity, and then explains the basic semiconductor physics relevant to radiation detectors. Statistical limits to energy resolution ... More


Introduction

Richard Parrish

in Sports Law and Policy in the European Union

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719066061
eISBN:
9781781700501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719066061.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The defining characteristic of European Union (EU) sports policy is the construction of a discrete area of EU sports law. EU sports law extends beyond the mere application of law to sport, to the ... More


DIPOLAR SYSTEMS AND DONOR–ACCEPTOR PAIRS

A.M. Stoneham

in Theory of Defects in Solids: Electronic Structure of Defects in Insulators and Semiconductors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507802
eISBN:
9780191709920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507802.003.0025
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter focuses on donor-acceptor pairs, since the recombination of an electron on a donor with a hole associated with an acceptor can be a very effective combination for light-emitting diodes. ... More


EFFECT OF THE COULOMB INTERACTION ON THE ELECTRON ENERGY SPECTRUM

V.F. Gantmakher

in Electrons and Disorder in Solids

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567561
eISBN:
9780191718267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567561.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Different examples of self-action of the electron gas onto its own energy spectrum are considered. In a regular structure, it is the Peierls transition when a minigap in the spectrum appears to ... More


Physiological Effects and Disease Manifestations of Performance-Enhancing Androgenic–Anabolic Steroids, Growth Hormone, and Insulin

Michael R. Graham, Julien S. Baker, Peter Evans, and Bruce Davies

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs) can be used to increase muscle mass and strength in adult males. Despite successful detection and convictions by sporting anti-doping agencies, they are still ... More


Superconducting State: Mechanisms and Properties

Vladimir Z. Kresin, Hans Morawitz, and Stuart A. Wolf

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199652556
eISBN:
9780191767784
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652556.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book provides a very detailed theoretical treatment of the key mechanisms of superconductivity. including the current state of the art (phonons, magnons, plasmons). It also includes a very ... More


Material aspects of heterostructures, doping, surfaces, and gating

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses heterostructures made of semiconducting materials and their band structures as a realization of band engineering in semiconductors. It introduces the basics of doping and ... More


Quantum mechanics in semiconductor nanostructures

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter derives the general effective mass many-particle hamiltonian for semiconductor nanostructures, including the effects of ionized dopants and other localized charges; the effect of gate ... More


Electrical properties—experimental

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

After reviewing the experimental techniques used to study the electrical properties of ice, this chapter describes measurements of dielectric relaxation and conductivity on ‘pure’ ice and their ... More


Solid state proton conductors

Rolf Hempelmann

in Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Aliovalently doped perovskite-type oxides (e.g., SrCeO3 doped with Yb2O3) contain, for reasons of charge neutrality, oxygen vacancies and become high temperature proton conductors in the presence of ... More


Perspectives

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter provides a brief account of the basic properties of materials that give them semiconducting properties, while setting these materials and their technology in the context of (a) other ... More


Interband and impurity absorption

P. K. Basu

in Theory of Optical Processes in Semiconductors: Bulk and Microstructures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526209
eISBN:
9780191706790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526209.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter develops the theory of band-to-band and band impurity transitions involving photon absorption. Topics discussed include basic theory of absorption and gain, direct interband absorption, ... More


High-Tc electron-coupled superconductivity: cuprate and iron-based superconductors

E. L. Wolf

in Principles of Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589494
eISBN:
9780191731334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589494.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents the basic phenomena and concepts of high-Tc superconductivity. The discovery of Bednorz and Muller, families of cuprate superconductors, and their relation to copper oxide ... More


The Tour de France: A Cultural History

Christopher Thompson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520256309
eISBN:
9780520934863
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256309.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In this history of the world's most famous bicycle race, the author tells the story of the Tour de France from its creation in 1903 to the present. Weaving the words of racers, politicians, Tour ... More


What Price Heroism?: Work, Sport, and Drugs in Postwar France

Christopher S. Thompson

in The Tour de France: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520256309
eISBN:
9780520934863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256309.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores the postwar debates regarding the Tour de France as work, associating these to the racers' longstanding practice of doping. It also examines the implications of that practice ... More


Celebrity and corruption: case studies of sports scandals

Nic Groombridge

in Sports Criminology: A Critical Criminology of Sport and Games

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447323150
eISBN:
9781447323174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447323150.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines a number of scandals involving sporting celebrities such as drug use/doping, violence, racism and unsporting behaviour. One case is illustrative, ‘bloodgate’. A rugby union ... More


The Geneticization of Achievement

Helga Nowotny and Giuseppe Testa

in Naked Genes: Reinventing the Human in the Molecular Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262014939
eISBN:
9780262295802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014939.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The striving for the improvement of human capabilities is ancient, yet in the overarching continuity of this striving, the possibility of human genetic enhancement is bringing forth new ... More


Neuropsychopharmacology as Spiritual Technology

Nicolas Langlitz

in Neuropsychedelia: The Revival of Hallucinogen Research since the Decade of the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520274815
eISBN:
9780520954908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274815.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The introductory chapter, “Neuropsychopharmacology as Spiritual Technology,” situates the following historical and ethnographic account of the revival of hallucinogen research in a contemporary ... More


Selling the Yellow Jersey: The Tour de France in the Global Era

Eric Reed

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226206530
eISBN:
9780226206677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226206677.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The book recounts for the first time the commercial and cultural history of the Tour de France bicycle race in the context of globalization. The Tour was the crown jewel of French cycling and also ... More


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