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Britain's ‘Neo‐American’ Trajectory

Carl-Ulrik Schierup

in Migration, Citizenship, and the European Welfare State: A European Dilemma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780198280521
eISBN:
9780191603730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280521.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The ‘Thatcher revolution’ and its continuation by New Labour make Britain a kind of master model for the neo-liberalization or Americanization of European welfare states. This chapter examines ... More


The Salience of National Identity

Michael Hechter

in Containing Nationalism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247516
eISBN:
9780191599460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924751X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

One important source of national identity lies in hierarchical and segmental cultural divisions of labour. These provide a social base for nationalism among territorially concentrated groups. Some ... More


The Division of Labour and the Theory of Value

Gloria Vivenza

in Adam Smith and the Classics: The Classical Heritage in Adam Smith's Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296669
eISBN:
9780191597008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296665.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Deals with some analogies between Adam Smith's and Plato's thought about the division of labour, and Adam Smith's and Aristotle's formulations concerning economic value. The two parts of the chapter ... More


The Labour Market and the Distribution of Income: The Dual Labour Market Approach

Tsuneo Ishikawa

in Income and Wealth

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288626
eISBN:
9780191596469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828862X.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter begins by providing an overview of the basic arguments of the dual labour market approach and of previous attempts to construct a formal analytical framework, and, by drawing attention ... More


The Great Experiment: Public–Private Partnerships and Innovation in Design, Production, and Operation of Capital Goods in the UK

Andrew Davies and Ammon Salter

in Flexibility and Stability in the Innovating Economy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290475
eISBN:
9780191603495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290474.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) are becoming the key mechanism for the design, production, and operation of capital goods in the UK public sector and elsewhere. This chapter focuses on the central ... More


What Children Really Need: Towards a Critical Theory of Family Structure

Shelley Burtt

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The ’new familists’ argue that sociological evidence on the relation between traditional two‐parent nuclear family and positive outcomes for their children justifies public‐policy measures aimed at ... More


The Internationalization of Japanese Manufacturing

Tony Elger and Chris Smith

in Assembling Work: Remaking Factory Regimes in Japanese Multinationals in Britain

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241514
eISBN:
9780191714405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241514.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter charts the timing and geographical spread of Japanese foreign direct investment. It discusses different interpretations of the distinctive characteristics of Japanese manufacturing ... More


The Division of Labour

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

Smith's theorem—that the division of labour is limited by the extent of the market—is explained. But there exists another limitation to the division of labour that relates to the nature of the task. ... More


Globalization of Trade, Production, and Technology

Marcela Miozzo and Vivien Walsh

in International Competitiveness and Technological Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199259236
eISBN:
9780191717901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259236.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter examines the meaning of globalization and the debates surrounding the concept. The effects of globalization on the international division of labour and the integration of strategy and ... More


Actual evolution of the division of professional and family labour

Walter Van Dongen

in Towards a democratic division of labour in Europe?: The Combination Model as a new integrated approach to professional and family life

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422941
eISBN:
9781447304029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422941.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter describes the actual evolution of the division of professional and family labour in EU countries and some other OECD countries. The evolution from the ‘old combination model’ or ... More


The Division of Labor: Two Cases of the Return of Randomness in Higher Forms

John Tyler Bonner

in Randomness in Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157016
eISBN:
9781400846429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157016.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses two cases where, in cell and insect societies, there is a small reversal, and randomness is brought back to the fore to play a key role in their respective developments. During ... More


Institutions and Justice

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter recounts the justifications for the institutional approach, arguing in particular that an institutional focus allows for a way of balancing the demands of justice and the legitimate ... More


Summary and Conclusions

Mark Casson

in Enterprise and Competitiveness: A Systems View of International Business

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289579
eISBN:
9780191684746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289579.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The concluding chapter of the book argues that adopting a systems view in analysing production is helpful in understanding the new division of labor, and that identifying the physical aspects, ... More


Recent Trends in International Business

Mark Casson

in Enterprise and Competitiveness: A Systems View of International Business

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289579
eISBN:
9780191684746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289579.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The conventional economic theory can thoroughly explain the growth of horizontally integrated multinational companies during the 1950s and the 1960s. However, this theory is not rich enough to ... More


The Texture of Custom

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

Reviews the thesis outlined in the book. Concept formation and learning are tied up with clarity requirements. Clarification shapes preferences and underlies the behavioural, motivational, and ... More


Euge! Belle! Dear Mr Smith

Ian Simpson Ross

in The Life of Adam Smith

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288213
eISBN:
9780191596827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288212.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Terminally ill in 1776, Hume was relieved from anxieties over Smith's masterwork when it finally reached him on 1 April, and he gave it unstinted praise, though not without offering cogent criticism. ... More


Fichte’s Political Economy of the General Will

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter describes how Fichte's book was perceived as an important challenge by admirers of Adam Smith because its normative evaluation of market society was grounded in a theory of property ... More


A Conceptual Sytem  

Andrew Stewart Skinner

in A System of Social Science: Papers Relating to Adam Smith

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233343
eISBN:
9780191678974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233343.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Although Adam Smith's model, in its post-physiocratic form, has several distinct elements, the feature on which he continued to place most emphasis was the division of labour, which is implied in the ... More


Being a Professional: Problems and Promises

George Cheney, Daniel J. Lair, Dean Ritz, and Brenden E. Kendall

in Just a Job?: Communication, Ethics, and Professional Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195182774
eISBN:
9780199871001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182774.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter addresses the domain of the professional, taking seriously the notion that the professional is personal, in addition to being social, political, and ethical. The chapter traces the ... More


The Rise of Historical Economics and Social Reform in Germany 1864-1894

Erik Grimmer-Solem

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199260416
eISBN:
9780191717369
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260416.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

Social science and social reform flourished in Imperial Germany, and the historical economist Gustav Schmoller made fundamental contributions to both. Despite this, historians have neglected him. ... More


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