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Divine Providence and the Course of History

Amos Funkenstein

in Theology and the Scientific Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181356
eISBN:
9780691184265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181356.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter analyzes how, since the seventeenth century, versions of the invisible-hand explanation were employed to illuminate the course of history, the evolution of society. Giambattista Vico ... More


How Industrious can Zeus be?: The Extent and Objects of Divine Activity in Stoicism

Thomas Bénatouïl

in God and Cosmos in Stoicism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556144
eISBN:
9780191720864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556144.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Ancient Philosophy

A central question concerning Stoic divine providence is its nature and scope. What kind of action is it? And which entities are affected by it? This chapter focuses on the latter issue. Sources ... More


Meticulous Providence and Gratuitous Evil

Neal Judisch

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 4

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656417
eISBN:
9780191742163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656417.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The argument from gratuitous evil may be the most significant challenge to theism. It states that some evils are simply pointless or purposeless, in the sense that they are neither needed for nor ... More


Providence and Prometheus

Bryan Shelley

in Shelley and Scripture: The Interpreting Angel

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122845
eISBN:
9780191671562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122845.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

Even before Shelley, Francis Bacon had observed that the name Prometheus meant Providence. While Bacon was able to identify distinctions between divine and human providence, he presented a fusion of ... More


Analytic Philosophy of Religion

William Hasker

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Analytic philosophy of religion was gestated in the nineteen forties, born in the early fifties, spent its childhood in the sixties, and its adolescence in the seventies and early eighties. Since ... More


1 “Where Is Their God?”

Adiel Schremer

in Brothers Estranged: Heresy, Christianity and Jewish Identity in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195383775
eISBN:
9780199777280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383775.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter discusses the effects of the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, and the failure of the Bar Kokhba revolt in 135 CE, on the morale of Palestinian Jews, as reflected in earliest ... More


Natures: Divine, Human, Animal

A. A. Long

in Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245567
eISBN:
9780191597923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245568.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Rather than expounding Stoic cosmology, Epictetus offers a strikingly personalist conception of God. His focus on divine providence echoes Socrates. Human kinship to God, and the internal divinity ... More


The Order of Nature and Moral Luck: Maimonides on Divine Providence

Steven Nadler

in The Divine Order, the Human Order, and the Order of Nature: Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199934409
eISBN:
9780199367740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934409.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, Steven Nadler focuses on Moses Maimonides’ treatment of the problem of evil. Against scholars who have attempted to weaken Maimonides’ claim that if a person suffers misfortune, it ... More


Myers's Secret Message

John Beer

in Providence and Love: Studies in Wordsworth, Channing, Myers, George Eliot, and Ruskin

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184362
eISBN:
9780191674228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184362.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter focuses on Frederic William Henry Myers, who became known to readers of poetry through his study of Wordsworth and to a wider audience through his interest in psychical research. Myers, ... More


Providence

Gordon Graham

in The Shape of the Past: A Philosophical Approach to History

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192892553
eISBN:
9780191670619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192892553.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

Vico believed in the historical importance of Divine Providence. His writings give considerable importance to theological conceptions and he himself was a religious person. The question of God's ... More


William Ellery Channing Visits the Lake Poets

John Beer

in Providence and Love: Studies in Wordsworth, Channing, Myers, George Eliot, and Ruskin

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184362
eISBN:
9780191674228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184362.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter focuses on William Ellery Channing, his visit to Europe, and his meetings with Wordsworth and Coleridge. Channing's religious views had made him a controversial figure: his early ... More


God, Suffering, and Omniscience

T. M. Rudavsky

in Jewish Philosophy in the Middle Ages: Science, Rationalism, and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780199580903
eISBN:
9780191862892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199580903.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The topic of divine predication leads more broadly to issues surrounding divine omniscience, freedom, and evil. The question of why the righteous suffer remains one of the most intractable issues in ... More


Method

Donald Phillip Verene

in Vico's "New Science": A Philosophical Commentary

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501700163
eISBN:
9781501701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700163.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter offers a philosophical commentary on the Method section of the New Science. Giambattista Vico begins Method by saying that to complete the establishment of principles requires discussing ... More


On an Eternal Natural Republic

Donald Phillip Verene

in Vico's "New Science": A Philosophical Commentary

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501700163
eISBN:
9781501701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700163.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter comments on Giambattista Vico’s conception of a fourth kind of republic that is natural and eternal (the first three forms of government correspond to those of the three ages of ideal ... More


The Nation Penitent

Porter-Szücs Brian

in Faith and Fatherland: Catholicism, Modernity, and Poland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195399059
eISBN:
9780199896844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399059.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The 19th-century Church preached political docility and deference and was generally hostile towards a Polish national movement that repeatedly staged violent insurrections. Even setting aside ... More


Divine Concurrence and Human Freedom in Luis de Molina

William J. Abraham

in Divine Agency and Divine Action, Volume II: Soundings in the Christian Tradition

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198786511
eISBN:
9780191828799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786511.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Here the author interacts with the work of Luis de Molina and his views on divine concurrence. He argues that Molina’s work centers on the potential role of specific divine assistance in the ... More


Recourse of the Nations

Donald Phillip Verene

in Vico's "New Science": A Philosophical Commentary

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501700163
eISBN:
9781501701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700163.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter offers a philosophical commentary on Giambattista Vico’s confutation of the ideal eternal history in Book 5 of the New Science. In forensic oration the confutation is intended to refute ... More


Providence, Irony, and Magic: Petrarch and Vida

Tobias Gregory

in From Many Gods to One: Divine Action in Renaissance Epic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226307558
eISBN:
9780226307565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226307565.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter deals with Orlando furioso by Ludovico Ariosto. Orlando furioso does not abandon divine action of the characteristically epic type, though it infuses epic divine action with both irony ... More


A Free Will: Origins of the Notion in Ancient Thought

Michael Frede

Halszka Osmolska (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268487
eISBN:
9780520948372
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268487.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Where does the notion of free will come from? How and when did it develop, and what did that development involve? In this book's account of the history of this idea, the notion of a free will emerged ... More


The Shape of the Past: A Philosophical Approach to History

Gordon Graham

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192892553
eISBN:
9780191670619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192892553.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

Can human history as a whole be interpreted in any meaningful way? Has there been real progress between stone age and space age? Does history repeat itself? Is there evidence of divine providence? ... More


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