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Moderate Epistemological Foundationalism

Randal Rauser

in Theology in Search of Foundations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199214600
eISBN:
9780191706509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214600.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Alvin Plantinga's moderate foundationalism is rooted philosophically in Thomas Reid's common‐sense realism, while its theological background is found in the emphasis within Reformed theology upon ... More


Duns Scotus’s Epistemic Argument against Divine Illumination

Billy Dunaway

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Theories of “divine illumination” were popular from St Augustine through the Middle Ages. Henry of Ghent is traditionally thought of as providing one of the last and most sophisticated theories of ... More


Monastic Meditation Transformed: The Spiritual Exercises of Bonaventure

Mark Chinca

in Meditating Death in Medieval and Early Modern Devotional Writing: From Bonaventure to Luther

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198861980
eISBN:
9780191894787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198861980.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, European Literature

The chapter has two purposes: to provide a survey of monastic traditions of meditation from roughly the sixth century to the end of the twelfth century, and to describe the transformation of those ... More


Intellect and Illumination in Malebranche

Nicholas Jolley

in Causality and Mind: Essays on Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199669554
eISBN:
9780191763076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669554.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In The Search After Truth Malebranche is committed to the Cartesian thesis that the mind has a faculty of pure intellect. In his later philosophy, by contrast, Malebranche comes to abandon the ... More


Greco-Roman and Early Arabic Developments

A. Mark Smith

in From Sight to Light: The Passage from Ancient to Modern Optics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174761
eISBN:
9780226174938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174938.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the post-Ptolemaic tradition of visual theory within the Late Platonist, or Neoplatonic, tradition between roughly 250 and 550. Marked by an effort to reconcile Platonic and ... More


The Book I: Manuscript

Thomas Nail

in Being and Motion

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190908904
eISBN:
9780190908942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908904.003.0031
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that medieval and early modern ontological descriptions made use of a new material technology of inscription with the same tensional regime: the book. Without assuming any direct ... More


Augustine’s Defence of Knowledge Against the Sceptics

Tamer Nawar

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 56

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198851059
eISBN:
9780191885785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851059.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In his Contra Academicos, Augustine offers one of the most detailed responses to scepticism to have come down to us from antiquity. In this paper, I examine Augustine’s defence of the existence of ... More


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