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Anselm on Freedom

Katherin Rogers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231676
eISBN:
9780191716089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231676.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, General

Anselm is the first Christian philosopher to defend a libertarian analysis of created freedom. In doing so he proposes viable answers to perennial questions in the philosophy of religion: If God ... More


The Freedom of God

Katherin A. Rogers

in Anselm on Freedom

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231676
eISBN:
9780191716089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231676.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, General

Unlike created freedom, divine freedom does not require open options. God exists absolutely independently and so choose with complete aseity. God has neither morally significant freedom nor, contrary ... More


Conclusion: The Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Andrew Radde‐Gallwitz

in Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

The Conclusion recapitulates the book's argument and argues that the achievement of Basil of Caesarea and Gregory of Nyssa in transforming divine simplicity has ongoing relevance for Christian ... More


Divine Sovereignty and Aseity

William E. Mann

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

To say that God is sovereign over all things is to say that everything depends on God. To say that God exists a se is to say that Gods depends on nothing. This chapter examines and defends strong ... More


An Overlooked Term in Old Testament Theology—Perhaps

David J. Reimer

in Covenant as Context: Essays in Honour of E. W. Nicholson

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250745
eISBN:
9780191697951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250745.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter presents an essay which explores notions of divine freedom found in the Hebrew Bible in the context of the covenant by following the thread of references sharing the Hebrew term ... More


Monotheism and Exceptionalism

Randi Rashkover

in Freedom and Law: A Jewish-Christian Apologetics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823234523
eISBN:
9780823240883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234523.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter takes up the challenge presented in recent scholarship by Regina Schwartz that deepens antipathy towards Jewish law by rooting the so-called exceptionalism of Jewish law in the more ... More


Evidence and Religious Belief

Kelly James Clark and Raymond J. VanArragon (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603718
eISBN:
9780191729287
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603718.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

A fundamental question in the field of religious epistemology asks whether religious belief must be based on evidence in order to be properly held. In recent years two prominent positions on this ... More


The Will as a Power of Self‐Determination

Desmond M. Clarke

in Descartes's Theory of Mind

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261239
eISBN:
9780191597213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261237.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Since all events are caused, an action is said to be free if it is caused by a determining factor that is internal to the agent. Thus, freedom is not the same as indifference; human agents are more ... More


Divine Aseity

Oliver D. Crisp

in Jonathan Edwards on God and Creation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755295
eISBN:
9780199979486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755295.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The flip side of this doctrine is divine aseity, or divine independence. Chapter 4 deals with this doctrine. Edwards's position is consistent with God's metaphysical independence of the creation. But ... More


Four More Objections

Michael J. Almeida

in Freedom, God, and Worlds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199640027
eISBN:
9780191741937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640027.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses the problem of divine freedom, the problem of no best world, the evidential argument from evil, and the Darwinian problem of evil. The chapter shows that God's essential ... More


The Shaping of Normative Discourse about Creator and Creation in Pre-Nicene Christianity

Paul M. Blowers

in Drama of the Divine Economy: Creator and Creation in Early Christian Theology and Piety

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199660414
eISBN:
9780191745980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660414.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Chapter 4 is an important transitional chapter, dealing at the outset with New Testament sources not only in their authoritative status, but in their historical and textual location “between” ... More


God’s Freedom, God’s Character

Kevin Timpe

in Free Will and Theism: Connections, Contingencies, and Concerns

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198743958
eISBN:
9780191803956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743958.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the connection between an agent’s moral character and those actions that she is capable of freely performing, with a particular focus on the specific case of divine agency. ... More


The All-Powerful, Perfectly Good, and Free God

T. Ryan Byerly

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 8

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198806967
eISBN:
9780191844461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806967.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This paper argues that to be omnipotent is to possess all the powers. This view accommodates the demands and insights of the literature on omnipotence quite well while overcoming difficulties faced ... More


Arguments from Evil

Tim Mulgan

in Purpose in the Universe: The moral and metaphysical case for Ananthropocentric Purposivism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199646142
eISBN:
9780191813993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646142.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops two arguments from evil that Ananthropocentric Purposivism can borrow. These are based on animal suffering and the horrendous evils that humans inflict on one another. The ... More


The Best Thing in Life Is Free: The Compatibility of God’s Freedom and His Essential Moral Perfection

Kevin Timpe

in Free Will and Classical Theism: The Significance of Freedom in Perfect Being Theology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190611200
eISBN:
9780190611224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611200.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

A number of scholars have claimed that, on the assumption of incompatibilism, there is a conflict between God’s freedom and God’s essential moral perfection. Jesse Couenhoven, for instance, thinks ... More


Vindicatio Dei: Evil as a Result of God’s Free Choice of the Best

Michael J. Murray

in New Essays on Leibniz's Theodicy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660032
eISBN:
9780191761133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660032.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Central to Leibniz’s theodicy is the claim that God has chosen to actualize the best of all possible worlds. Indeed, Leibniz goes further, arguing that God’s perfection not only leads God to ... More


Moltmann and Zizioulas: Perichoresis and Communion

William Hasker

in Metaphysics and the Tri-Personal God

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199681518
eISBN:
9780191761560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681518.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Jürgen Moltmann and John Zizioulas are Social trinitarians whose views have been widely discussed. In each case there are difficulties: for Moltmann, his broad use of the term perichoresis to ... More


Freedom, Necessity, and Suffering in God

Keith Ward

in Within the Love of God: Essays on the Doctrine of God in Honour of Paul S. Fiddes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198709565
eISBN:
9780191779794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709565.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter aims to set out some agreements and some disagreements with Professor Fiddes’s concept of the freedom and suffering of God. First, it suggests that God is not free in the sense that God ... More


The Identity of the Son: The Incarnation and the Freedom of God

Thomas H. McCall

in Analytic Christology and the Theological Interpretation of the New Testament

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198857495
eISBN:
9780191890260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198857495.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Chapter 3 discusses the question: Is the identity of the Son established in God’s decree of election, or is it secured (logically) prior to and independently of that decree? This is the subject of an ... More


Freedom and the One

Ursula Coope

in Freedom and Responsibility in Neoplatonist Thought

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198824831
eISBN:
9780191863523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824831.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses Plotinus’s claim that the One (or Good) is truly free. Plotinus is here responding to what he calls the ‘rash statement’: the view that, since the One is uncaused, it is merely ... More


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