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Lenn E. Goodman

in Love Thy Neighbour As Thyself

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195328820
eISBN:
9780199870172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328820.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Christine Korsgaard surveys several ways of warranting ethics (Hobbes, Puffendorff, Moore, Ross, Nagel, Hutcheson, Hume, Mill, Williams). She chooses a neo‐Kantian approach. But Goodman finds her ... More


Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

C. Stephen Evans

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This book introduces the concept of theistic natural signs. It argues that these signs, the concept of which comes from a modified and expanded account of Reidian natural signs, provide sufficient ... More


In Defence of the Divine Command Conception

Philip L. Quinn

in Divine Commands and Moral Requirements

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244134
eISBN:
9780191680755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244134.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Through the ages people have worried about the relationship between religion and morality. Most modern philosophers subscribe to some version of the thesis that morality is autonomous and they reject ... More


Divine Commands as the Basis for Moral Obligation

C. Stephen Evans

in Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199272174
eISBN:
9780191602061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272174.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Divine command theory gives an account of obligation, specifically moral obligation. Any action God commands his human creatures to do is morally binding for them, and any action that is morally ... More


Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations

C. Stephen Evans

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199272174
eISBN:
9780191602061
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272174.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Kierkegaard presents a form of divine command theory of moral obligation similar to accounts developed by Robert Adams and Philip Quinn. The account understands the relation humans have with a loving ... More


Theological Voluntarism

Philip L. Quinn

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends a divine command theory consisting of two central claims. First, a kind of action is morally obligatory just in case God has commanded that actions of that kind be performed. ... More


Divine Commands

Robert Merrihew Adams

in Finite and Infinite Goods: A Framework for Ethics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153712
eISBN:
9780199869381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153715.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends a divine command theory of obligation, proposing God as the one whose requirements are good enough to define morally binding obligations. It discusses (1) the history of divine ... More


God and Moral Obligation: Is a Link Possible?

C. Stephen Evans

in Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199272174
eISBN:
9780191602061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272174.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Moral obligations are overriding and objective, in a way that other kinds of obligations are not. A divine command theory of moral obligations claims that all truly moral obligations owe their status ... More


Equity, Natural Law, and Common Grace

Paul Helm

in John Calvin's Ideas

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199255696
eISBN:
9780191602429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199255695.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Takes up again the question of our natural knowledge of God. Is there for Calvin a natural knowledge of God's law? Was Calvin a Divine Command Theorist in ethics? It is argued that he was not, except ... More


Divine Commands and Moral Requirements

Philip L. Quinn

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244134
eISBN:
9780191680755
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244134.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The view that morality in some way depends, at least in part, upon the will of God is an important theme in the history of philosophy. In recent times this idea has not been taken very seriously by ... More


Moral Arguments and Natural Signs for God

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers a theoretical moral argument for God's existence: if there are objectively binding moral obligations, then God exists. There are such obligations. So, probably God exists. This ... More


The Bible and Natural Law

Matthew Levering

in Biblical Natural Law: A Theocentric and Teleological Approach

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199535293
eISBN:
9780191715839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535293.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Many contemporary exegetes and theologians conclude that the Bible does not contain natural law doctrine. This chapter first surveys important exegetical works on biblical ethics and law in Judaism ... More


Divine Justice and Divine Mercy

Philip L. Quinn

in Divine Commands and Moral Requirements

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244134
eISBN:
9780191680755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244134.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses the doctrine about the nature of God that allows us to attribute to him some excellences of character which are, according to divine command theories, the analogues of moral ... More


 Whose Commandment Is It?

Lenn E. Goodman

in Love Thy Neighbour As Thyself

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195328820
eISBN:
9780199870172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328820.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

How is ethics related to God? The two areas interpenetrate: We learn about God through our ethical understanding and about ethics through our understanding of God. The chapter locates seven areas ... More


In Search of Principles of Healthcare Ethics in Islam

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter explores the role culture plays in providing the moral presuppositions and the way ethics builds upon the formal normative framework, for the moral choices that Muslims make in the ... More


Requirements, Ideals, and Moral Motivation

Jonathan Jacobs

in Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This is a brief discussion of some specific issues of pronounced concern to medieval Jewish thinkers. These include the relation between moral requirements and moral ideals, and also the conception ... More


Religious Commitment and Moral Obligation

Robert Audi

in Rationality and Religious Commitment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609574
eISBN:
9780191731822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609574.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Do moral standards rest on divine commands? If so, what guarantees that God will not command deeds that (like the sacrifice of an innocent child) are intuitively wrong? If not, what kind of moral ... More


Divine Commands and the Logic of Requirement

Philip L. Quinn

in Divine Commands and Moral Requirements

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244134
eISBN:
9780191680755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244134.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter proposes to examine a theory that is logically adequate for dealing with conflicting requirements. It also shows how it can be extended so that it is a divine command theory and argues ... More


Satanic Verses:Moral Chaos in Holy Writ

Evan Fales

in Divine Evil?: The Moral Character of the God of Abraham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199576739
eISBN:
9780191595165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576739.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

According to John Locke, true revelation must conform to our divinely infused moral understanding. This chapter argues that apologetic explanations of the morally ‘difficult’ passages in Scripture ... More


Divine Command Theory

David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls

in Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751808
eISBN:
9780199894840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751808.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

On the foundation of the theory of the good defended in the previous chapter, this chapter, following the groundbreaking work of Robert Adams, lays out a divine command theory of moral obligation, in ... More


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