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Managing Divergent Employment Dilemmas

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198742005
eISBN:
9780191599163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198742002.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The macroscopic changes to post‐industrial employment that were examined in the previous chapter are unlikely to affect all nations similarly. Job loss through de‐industrialization, e.g., will be ... More


Adaptive radiation: diversity and specialization

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Selection in complex and structured environments is likely to cause the divergence of differently adapted lines. This will lead to a diverse array of specialized types, or to one or a few broad ... More


King among the Theologians

Richard Wayne Wills Sr

in Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Image of God

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195308990
eISBN:
9780199867578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308990.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter locates and identifies King’s theological anthropology within the larger doctrinal spectrum while revealing the extent to which his image of God conception accounted for similar and/or ... More


Cognition and Religious Systems

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Religious people and their religions are not always harmonized. Scholars have long noted two faces of religious practice, one corresponding to an “official” set of beliefs and ... More


Uneven (and Divergent) Technological Accumulation Among Advanced Countries: Evidence and a Framework of Explanation *

Parimal Patel and Keith Pavitt

in Technology, Organization, and Competitiveness: Perspectives on Industrial and Corporate Change

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290964
eISBN:
9780191596162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290969.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Evidence is presented for the advanced OECD countries of uneven and divergent patterns of technological accumulation and the persistence of technology gaps. It is shown that ‘global’ firms will not ... More


Convergent and Divergent Operations in Cognitive Search

Bernhard Hommel

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Human goal-directed action emerges from the interaction between stimulus-driven sensorimotor online systems and slower-working control systems that relate highly processed perceptual information to ... More


Digging into Implicit/Explicit States and Processes: The Case of Cognitive/Social Process Interaction in Scientific Groups

Susannah B. F. Paletz and Christian D. Schunn

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Research in the psychology of science has typically fallen into separate, isolated subfields within psychology. This chapter examines two models that tie together social and cognitive psychological ... More


The Coherence of EU Law: The Search for Unity in Divergent Concepts

Sacha Prechal and Bert van Roermund (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199232468
eISBN:
9780191716027
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232468.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The EU legal order sits above a diverse mix of 27 national legal systems, with some 23 different languages. Amongst such diversity, how can the unity and coherence of the European legal system be ... More


Experiences from Professional Practice: Some Steps towards Empirical Research

Sacha Prechal, Linda Senden, Bert van Roermund, and Thomas Vandamme

in The Coherence of EU Law: The Search for Unity in Divergent Concepts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199232468
eISBN:
9780191716027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232468.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The Binding Unity and Divergent Concepts in EU Law project sought to establish the scope of the phenomenon of ‘conceptual divergence’ by gathering data from the daily practice and personal experience ... More


Regularization and Renormalization of the Vacuum Energy

M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko

in Advances in the Casimir Effect

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199238743
eISBN:
9780191716461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter uses the method of heat kernel expansion together with cutoff regularization to separate the divergent part of the vacuum energy. After the vacuum energy has been regularized, the ... More


Better than Individuals?: The Potential Benefits of Dissent and Diversity for Group Creativity

Charlan Jeanne Nemeth and Brendan Nemeth-Brown

in Group Creativity: Innovation through Collaboration

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195147308
eISBN:
9780199893720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147308.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the dissent which is likely to occur in groups where there are differences of opinion. Although such dissent may lead to negative feelings among group members, there is some ... More


Reading across Culture

Jessica Yeung

in Ink Dances in Limbo: Gao Xingjian's Writing as Cultural Translation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099210
eISBN:
9789882207042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099210.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

People are increasingly dependent on English translations to get to know “other” literatures with the dominance of the English language. In fact, Gao Xingjian's success is very revealing of the power ... More


Complex needs, divergent frameworks: challenges disabled children face in accessing appropriate support services and inclusive educational opportunities

Cherie Booth, Marc Bush, and Ruth Scott

in Education, disability and social policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423375
eISBN:
9781447302186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423375.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter shows that bias towards special schools is due to the complex relationship that has evolved between social care law and children's education. It provides an analysis of England and Wales ... More


Introduction

Alex Weisiger

in Logics of War: Explanations for Limited and Unlimited Conflicts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451867
eISBN:
9780801468179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451867.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This introductory chapter briefly examines the variation in war duration and severity by unraveling the logic of different causes of war. It utilizes the bargaining model of war, analyzing in ... More


Why are there species?: Arenas of recombination and selection

Timothy G. Barraclough

in The Evolutionary Biology of Species

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198749745
eISBN:
9780191814020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749745.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter continues the discussion of evolutionary methods of species delimitation by exploring how multilocus methods can be used to delimit reproductively isolated groups, and how genetic and ... More


What causes speciation?

Timothy G. Barraclough

in The Evolutionary Biology of Species

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198749745
eISBN:
9780191814020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749745.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The balance of evidence from earlier chapters is largely consistent with the reality of species units. This chapter therefore moves on to investigate what causes new species to form. This process ... More


Cultural Attitudes and the “Traditional Medicines Paradox”: Evidence from Ghana and the Philippines

Joan Costa-Font and Azusa Sato

in Social Economics: Current and Emerging Avenues

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035651
eISBN:
9780262337915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035651.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Traditional medicines continue to be widely used worldwide despite the increasing availability of modern medicines. We term this phenomenon the ‘traditional medicines paradox’. We investigate a ... More


Worlds Apart

in Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226577111
eISBN:
9780226577050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577050.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter further introduces George Starkey and Robert Boyle. These two men have been set up on occasion as exemplars of two hemispheres in the history of chemistry; the former as the last of the ... More


How Insight Emerges in a Distributed, Content-Addressable Memory

Liane Gabora and Apara Ranjan

in Neuroscience of Creativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019583
eISBN:
9780262314695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Creativity paradoxically involves studying how someone pulls out of their brain something that was never put into it, something new and useful, or appropriate to the task at hand. Even if we ... More


Creativity and Psychopathology: Shared Neurocognitive Vulnerabilities

Shelley Carson

in Neuroscience of Creativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019583
eISBN:
9780262314695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

One of the most debated topics in creativity research is whether creativity is associated with psychopathology. Many anecdotal reports and empirical studies have indicated an increased risk for ... More


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